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Antarctic Marine Living Resource Permits

Antarctic Krill.

The United States is a Member of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) Exit, the organization responsible for conserving marine life found south of the Antarctic convergence. CCAMLR applies an ecosystem approach to the conservation of marine living resources, incorporating standards designed to ensure the conservation of individual populations and species and the Antarctic marine ecosystem as a whole. The United States implements the conservation measures adopted by CCAMLR through the regulations set for at 50 CFR 300 Subpart G

Patagonian and Antarctic toothfish, also referred to as Chilean sea bass, are harvested in and beyond waters subject to CCAMLR. A Catch Documentation Scheme for toothfish was implemented by CCAMLR in 2000, reducing significantly the trade of toothfish caught in illegal, unregulated, or unreported (IUU) fishing. The CDS allows for monitoring international trade of toothfish, tracking the origins of imports, and determining if imports caught in the Convention Area are consistent with CCAMLR conservation measures, as well as providing catch data for stock assessments. Currently 30 contracting parties of CCAMLR have fully implemented the CDS. NOAA Fisheries implements the CDS in the United States.

Any person importing, exporting, or re-exporting Antarctic marine living resources into or from the United States must have an International Fisheries Trade Permit.  For toothfish, this applies to all imports of toothfish
whether it was harvested inside or outside CCAMLR waters.

Dealers must apply for pre-approval of each frozen toothfish import so that NOAA Fisheries can review the associated catch documentation in advance. There is a $200 fee for each pre-approval and the pre-approval paperwork must be submitted to NOAA Fisheries 10 working days prior to the shipment’s arrival. A separate application is required for any re-export of toothfish. Fresh toothfish imports must be reported within 24 hours of importing the resource. For all other Antarctic species, such as Antarctic krill, dealers must submit an import ticket within 24 hours after importing the resource.

To obtain an International Fisheries Trade Permit, visit the NMFS National Permit System website.

The following links provide the forms and instructions required for the trade of frozen toothfish, fresh toothfish, and other Antarctic marine living resources:

For more information on toothfish import/export and Antarctic Krill requirements, please contact the National Seafood Inspection Laboratory, Kim Dawson, email:, or Lori Robinson, email:

For any other inquiries regarding Antarctic marine living resources, please contact the Office of International Affairs and Seafood Inspection, Mi Ae Kim, email: