SALTONSTALL KENNEDY GRANT PROGRAM
Skimmer Trawl Modifications to Reduce....
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GRANT NUMBER:  NA57FD0130           NMFS NUMBER: 93-SER-049

REPORT TITLE: Skimmer Trawl Modifications to Reduce Bycatch in the Inshore Brown and Pink Shrimp Fishery in North Carolina

AUTHOR:  Hines, Kenneth L. and Rulifson, Roger A., Institute for Coastal and Marine Resources; Murray, James D. and Hines, Bob, NC Sea Grant Marine Advisory Service

PUBLISH DATE: May 1996

AVAILABLE FROM:  National Marine Fisheries Service, Cooperative Programs Division, 9721 Executive Center Drive North, St. Petersburg, FL 33702.  PHONE: (813) 570-5364

ABSTRACT

The objective of this project was to design, build, and test a low profile skimmer trawl, and compare its performance to a standard sized skimmer trawl for amount of catch, species composition, and size of bycatch. Catch composition of a standard high profile skimmer trawl net (12 ft.) and a low profile skimmer trawl net (3 ft.) in the North and Newport Rivers, North Carolina were compared. Each gear type was alternately rigged on the port and starboard sides of a commercial shrimping vessel and the catches were sampled according to criteria established by the Southeast Area Monitoring and Assessment Program, to determine if modifying skimmer trawl nets by decreasing the vertical height of the net would lower bycatch rates, yet maintain shrimp catch.  Total shrimp catch in the low profile net was significantly lower than that in the control net (-32.9%, p=0.0001), and significantly lower for brown shrimp (Penaeus aztecus) by -39.1% (p=0.0001), but pink shrimp (P. duorarum) catches were not significantly different (-17.1%, p=0.1934). In the sample, weight of finfish biomass to total catch biomass, excluding debris, was similar (47.5% finfish in the low profile net and 44.8% finfish in the high profile net). The low profile net was not effective in reducing bycatch under most conditions. Because of the increased catch rates of brown shrimp by the high profile net, results suggest that shrimpers may find it advantageous to utilize a high profile skimmer net during the brown and pink shrimp seasons, rather than a low profile net. The low profile net may be advantageous to fishermen under conditions of high wind, shrimping in areas where tight turns are mandated, presence of large amounts of floating debris, and shallow water.  

 
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