The United States imports 90 percent of its seafood, according to the latest Fisheries of the United States Statistical Report Card. As a representative of the United State federal government, NOAA Law Enforcement works with various international organizations in the protection and conservation of global marine resources. In addition to national laws, we enforce international laws, treaties, and agreements that the United States signs as they relate to areas under our jurisdiction. For example, we play a key role in the enforcement of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) when related to marine wildlife.
Examples of Our International Work
LCDR Gregg Casad, U.S. Coast Guard liaison to NOAA Fisheries, NOAA Special Agent Frank Giaretto and International Program Analyst Ann Mooney of NOAA’s Office of Law Enforcement, from left, discuss illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing and ways to combat it at the Coral Triangle Initiative's 3rd Regional Exchange for Ecosystem Approach for Fisheries Management in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Our expertise in environmental crime, criminal investigations, fishing industry, Vessel Monitoring System, and case management is consistently sought by the international community. NOAA enforcement agents and attorneys regularly attend Regional Fishery Management Organization meetings such as the Commission on the Conservation of Antarctic Living Marine Resources (CCAMLR) and the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) to provide enforcement expertise and legal advice on compliance issues and the development of new conservation and management measures.
We provided boots-on-the-ground, hands-on training to developing countries to help them protect their own waters. In 2012, NOAA agents and analysts completed monitoring, control, and surveillance surveys for the six countries in the Coral Triangle—Indonesia, the Philippine Islands, Malaysia, Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea, and Timor-Leste—to assess what each of the countries is doing to protect its own Economic Exclusive Zone (EEZ) and what their needs are. Because the countries also share maritime boundaries, we used this information to conduct transboundary workshop for three of the six countries in January 2013.
NOAA agents also have provided training on the use of turtle excluder devices to Central American nations through the Organization of Fishing and Aquaculture in Central America and have provided training to Indonesian fisheries officials on implementation of the Port State Measures Agreement (view factsheet) that would close ports of convenience to illegal, unregulated, and unregulated vessels. For additional information, please refer to the press release.
We are seeing increased recognition of international fisheries crime from other law enforcement agencies. INTERPOL, the world’s largest international police organization, created a Fisheries Crime Working Group in 2011, which plans to conduct several test studies during the next two years to assess the ability of INTERPOL to combat these types of crimes. A NOAA special agent serves as vice chair of this INTERPOL working group.
What is IUU fishing?
We work closely with NOAA Fisheries Office of International Affairs to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. For more information on IUU fishing, visit International Affairs' IUU overview and FAQs.
- Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC)
- Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
- Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR)
- International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT)
- International Network for the Cooperation and Coordination of Fisheries- Related Monitoring, Control and Surveillance Activities (MCS Network)