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2011 List of Fisheries (LOF)

« List of Fisheries Overview

The List of Fisheries (LOF) classifies U.S. commercial fisheries into Categories according to the level of interactions that result in incidental mortality or serious injury of marine mammals organized in four tables:

Final 2011 List of Fisheries tables and categories:

  1. Pacific Ocean
    Category:
    1. frequent interactions
    2. occasional interactions
    3. remote likelihood of/no known interactions
  2. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean
    Category:
    1. frequent interactions
    2. occasional interactions
    3. remote likelihood of/no known interactions
  3. High Seas
    Category:
    1. frequent interactions
    2. occasional interactions
    3. remote likelihood of/no known interactions

Table 1 - List of Fisheries - Commercial Fisheries in the Pacific Ocean

Fishery Description
Estimated # of vessels/ persons
Marine mammal species/ stocks incidentally killed/ injured
CATEGORY I
LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:
HI deep-set (tuna target) longline/set line*

127

  • Blainville's beaked whale, HI
  • Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
  • False killer whale, HI Insular1
  • False killer whale, HI Pelagic1
  • False killer whale, Palmyra Atoll
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
  • Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI
  • Risso's dolphin, HI
  • Short-finned pilot whale, HI
  • Striped dolphin, HI
CATEGORY II
GILLNET FISHERIES:
CA halibut/white seabass and other species set gillnet (>3.5 in mesh)

50

  • California sea lion, U.S.
  • Harbor seal, CA
  • Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
  • Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
  • Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
  • Sea otter, CA
  • Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
CA yellowtail, barracuda, and white seabass drift gillnet (mesh size ≥3.5 in and <14 in)2

30

  • California sea lion, U.S.
  • Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
  • Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
AK Bristol Bay salmon drift gillnet2

1,862

  • Beluga whale, Bristol Bay
  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Harbor seal, Bering Sea
  • Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
  • Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific
  • Spotted seal, AK
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Bristol Bay salmon set gillnet2

983

  • Beluga whale, Bristol Bay
  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Harbor seal, Bering Sea
  • Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
  • Spotted seal, AK
AK Kodiak salmon set gillnet

188

  • Harbor porpoise, GOA1
  • Harbor seal, GOA
  • Sea otter, Southwest AK
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Cook Inlet salmon set gillnet

738

  • Beluga whale, Cook Inlet
  • Dall's porpoise, AK
  • Harbor porpoise, GOA
  • Harbor seal, GOA
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Cook Inlet salmon drift gillnet

571

  • Beluga whale, Cook Inlet
  • Dall's porpoise, AK
  • Harbor porpoise, GOA1
  • Harbor seal, GOA
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon drift gillnet2

162

  • Dall's porpoise, AK
  • Harbor porpoise, GOA
  • Harbor seal, GOA
  • Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon set gillnet2

115

  • Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Prince William Sound salmon drift gillnet

537

  • Dall's porpoise, AK
  • Harbor porpoise, GOA1
  • Harbor seal, GOA
  • Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
  • Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific
  • Sea 0tter, South Central AK
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1
AK Southeast salmon drift gillnet

476

  • Dall's porpoise, AK
  • Harbor porpoise, Southeast AK
  • Harbor seal, Southeast AK
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
  • Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific
  • Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
AK Yakutat salmon set gillnet2

166

  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Harbor seal, Southeast AK
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)
WA Puget Sound Region salmon drift gillnet (includes all inland waters south of US-Canada border and eastward of the Bonilla-Tatoosh line-Treaty Indian fishing is excluded)

210

  • Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA
  • Harbor porpoise, inland WA1
  • Harbor seal, WA inland
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:
AK Cook Inlet salmon purse seine

82

  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
AK Kodiak salmon purse seine

370

  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
TRAWL FISHERIES:
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands flatfish trawl

34

  • Bearded seal, AK
  • Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea
  • Harbor seal, Bering Sea
  • Killer whale, AK resident1
  • Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
  • Spotted seal, AK
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1
  • Walrus, AK
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands pollock trawl

95

  • Dall's porpoise, AK
  • Harbor seal, AK
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
  • Humpback whale, Western North Pacific
  • Killer whale, Eastern North Pacific, GOA, Aleutian Islands, and Bering Sea transient1
  • Minke whale, AK
  • Ribbon seal, AK
  • Spotted seal, AK
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1
POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:
AK Bering Sea sablefish pot

6

  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
  • Humpback whale, Western North Pacific1
CA spot prawn pot

27

  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
CA Dungeness crab pot

534

  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
OR Dungeness crab pot

433

  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
WA/OR/CA sablefish pot

309

  • Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
WA coastal Dungeness crab pot/trap

228

  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:
HI shallow-set (swordfish target) longline/ set line*

28

  • Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic1
  • Bryde's whale, HI
  • False killer whale, HI Pelagic
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
  • Kogia sp. whale (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), HI
  • Risso's dolphin, HI
  • Striped dolphin, HI
American Samoa longline2

60

  • False killer whale, American Samoa
  • Rough-toothed dolphin, American Samoa
HI shortline2

21

None documented
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod longline

54

  • Killer whale, AK resident1
  • Ribbon seal, AK
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
CATEGORY III
GILLNET FISHERIES:
AK Kuskokwim, Yukon, Norton Sound, Kotzebue salmon gillnet

824

  • Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea
AK miscellaneous finfish set gillnet

3

  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Prince William Sound salmon set gillnet

30

  • Harbor seal, GOA
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK roe herring and food/bait herring gillnet

986

None documented
CA set gillnet (mesh size <3.5 in)

304

None documented
CA/OR thresher shark/swordfish drift gillnet (≥14 in mesh)*

45

  • California sea lion, U.S.
  • Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
  • Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
  • Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA
  • Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
  • Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA
  • Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
HI inshore gillnet

39

  • Bottlenose dolphin, HI
  • Spinner dolphin, HI
WA Grays Harbor salmon drift gillnet (excluding treaty Tribal fishing)

24

  • Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
WA/OR herring, smelt, shad, sturgeon, bottom fish, mullet, perch, rockfish gillnet

913

None documented
WA/OR lower Columbia River (includes tributaries) drift gillnet

110

  • California sea lion, U.S.
  • Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
WA Willapa Bay drift gillnet

82

  • Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
  • Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
PURSE SEINE, BEACH SEINE, ROUND HAUL, THROW NET AND TANGLE NET FISHERIES:
AK Southeast salmon purse seine

415

None documented in recent years
AK Metlakatla salmon purse seine

10

None documented
AK miscellaneous finfish beach seine

1

None documented
AK miscellaneous finfish purse seine

0

None documented
AK octopus/squid purse seine

0

None documented
AK roe herring and food/bait herring beach seine

4

None documented
AK roe herring and food/bait herring purse seine

361

None documented
AK salmon beach seine

31

None documented
AK salmon purse seine (excluding salmon purse seine fisheries listed as Category II)

936

  • Harbor seal, GOA
CA anchovy, mackerel, sardine purse seine

65

  • California sea lion, U.S.
  • Harbor seal, CA
CA squid purse seine

80

  • Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
  • Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
CA tuna purse seine*

10

None documented
WA/OR sardine purse seine

42

None documented
WA (all species) beach seine or drag seine

235

None documented
WA/OR herring, smelt, squid purse seine or lampara

130

None documented
WA salmon purse seine

440

None documented
WA salmon reef net

53

None documented
HI opelu/akule net

20

None documented
HI inshore purse seine

8

None documented
HI throw net, cast net

28

None documented
HI hukilau net

36

None documented
HI lobster tangle net

2

None documented
DIP NET FISHERIES:
CA squid dip net

115

None documented
WA/OR smelt, herring dip net

119

None documented
MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:
CA marine shellfish aquaculture

unknown

None documented
CA salmon enhancement rearing pen

>1

None documented
CA white seabass enhancement net pens

13

  • California sea lion, U.S.
HI offshore pen culture

2

None documented
OR salmon ranch

1

None documented
WA/OR salmon net pens

14

  • California sea lion, U.S.
  • Harbor seal, WA inland waters
TROLL FISHERIES:
AK North Pacific halibut, AK bottom fish, WA/OR/CA albacore, groundfish, bottom fish, CA halibut non-salmonid troll fisheries*

1,302 (102 AK)

None documented
AK salmon troll

2,045

  • Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
American Samoa tuna troll

<50

None documented
CA/OR/WA salmon troll

4,300

None documented
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands tuna troll

88

None documented
Guam tuna troll

401

None documented
HI trolling, rod and reel

2,210

None documented
LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Greenland turbot longline

29

  • Killer whale, AK resident
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish longline

0

None documented
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands sablefish longline

28

None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska halibut longline

1,302

None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod longline

440

None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish longline

0

None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska sablefish longline

291

  • Sperm whale, North Pacific
  • Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
AK halibut longline/set line (State and Federal waters)

2,521

  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK octopus/squid longline

2

None documented
AK State-managed waters longline/setline (including sablefish, rockfish, lingcod, and miscellaneous finfish)

1,448

None documented
WA/OR/CA groundfish, bottomfish longline/set line

367

None documented
WA/OR North Pacific halibut longline/set line

350

None documented
CA pelagic longline

6

None documented in recent 5 years of data
HI kaka line

28

None documented
HI vertical longline

18

None documented
TRAWL FISHERIES:
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Atka mackerel trawl

9

  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod trawl

93

  • Harbor seal, Bering Sea
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish trawl

10

None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska flatfish trawl

41

None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod trawl

62

  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Gulf of Alaska pollock trawl

62

  • Fin whale, Northeast Pacific
  • Northern elephant seal, North Pacific
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish trawl

34

None documented
AK food/bait herring trawl

4

None documented
AK miscellaneous finfish otter / beam trawl

317

None documented
AK shrimp otter trawl and beam trawl (statewide and Cook Inlet)

32

None documented
AK State-managed waters of Cook Inlet, Kachemak Bay, Prince William Sound, Southeast AK groundfish trawl

2

None documented
CA halibut bottom trawl

53

None documented
WA/OR/CA shrimp trawl

300

None documented
WA/OR/CA groundfish trawl

160-180

  • California sea lion, U.S.
  • Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA
  • Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
  • Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
  • Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
  • Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:
AK statewide miscellaneous finfish pot

293

None documented
AK Aleutian Islands sablefish pot

8

None documented
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod pot

68

None documented
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands crab pot

297

None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska crab pot

300

None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod pot

154

  • Harbor seal, GOA
AK Southeast Alaska crab pot

433

  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)
AK Southeast Alaska shrimp pot

283

  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)
AK shrimp pot, except Southeast

15

None documented
AK octopus/squid pot

27

None documented
AK snail pot

1

None documented
CA coonstripe shrimp, rock crab, tanner crab pot or trap

305

  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Harbor seal, CA
CA spiny lobster

225

  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
OR/CA hagfish pot or trap

54

None documented
WA/OR shrimp pot/trap

254

None documented
WA Puget Sound Dungeness crab pot/trap

249

None documented
HI crab trap

9

None documented
HI fish trap

11

None documented
HI lobster trap

3

  • Hawaiian monk seal
HI shrimp trap

1

None documented
HI crab net

8

None documented
HI Kona crab loop net

41

None documented
HANDLINE AND JIG FISHERIES:
AK miscellaneous finfish handline/hand troll and mechanical jig

445

None documented
AK North Pacific halibut handline/hand troll and mechanical jig

228

None documented
AK octopus/squid handline

0

None documented
American Samoa bottomfish

<50

None documented
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands bottomfish

<50

None documented
Guam bottomfish

200

None documented
HI aku boat, pole, and line

6

None documented
HI Main Hawaiian Islands deep-sea bottomfish handline

580

  • Hawaiian monk seal
HI inshore handline

460

None documented
HI tuna handline

531

None documented
WA groundfish, bottomfish jig

679

None documented
Western Pacific squid jig

6

None documented
HARPOON FISHERIES:
CA swordfish harpoon

30

None documented
POUND NET/WEIR FISHERIES:
AK herring spawn on kelp pound net

415

None documented
AK Southeast herring roe/food/bait pound net

6

None documented
WA herring brush weir

1

None documented
HI bullpen trap

4

None documented
BAIT PENS:
WA/OR/CA bait pens

13

  • California sea lion, U.S.
DREDGE FISHERIES:
Coastwide scallop dredge

108 (12 AK)

None documented
DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:
AK abalone

0

None documented
AK clam

156

None documented
WA herring spawn on kelp

4

None documented
AK Dungeness crab

2

None documented
AK herring spawn on kelp

266

None documented
AK urchin and other fish/shellfish

570

None documented
CA abalone

0

None documented
CA sea urchin

583

None documented
HI black coral diving

1

None documented
HI fish pond

N/A

None documented
HI handpick

53

None documented
HI lobster diving

36

None documented
HI spearfishing

163

None documented
WA/CA kelp

4

None documented
WA/OR sea urchin, other clam, octopus, oyster, sea cucumber, scallop, ghost shrimp hand, dive, or mechanical collection

637

None documented
WA shellfish aquaculture

684

None documented
COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:
AK/WA/OR/CA commercial passenger fishing vessel

>7,000 (2,702 AK)

  • Killer whale, stock unknown
  • Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
HI charter vessel

114

None documented
LIVE FINFISH/SHELLFISH FISHERIES:
CA nearshore finfish live trap/hook-and-line

93

None documented

List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Table 1:


Table 2- List of Fisheries - Commercial Fisheries in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean

Fishery Description

Estimated # of vessels/ persons

Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured
CATEGORY I
GILLNET FISHERIES:
Mid-Atlantic gillnet

5,495

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
  • Common dolphin, WNA
  • Gray seal, WNA
  • Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Harp seal, WNA
  • Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • Minke whale, Canadian east coast
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA
Northeast sink gillnet

7,712

  • Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
  • Common dolphin, WNA
  • Fin whale, WNA
  • Gray seal, WNA
  • Harbor porpoise, GME/BF1
  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Harp seal, WNA
  • Hooded seal, WNA
  • Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
  • Minke whale, Canadian east coast
  • North Atlantic right whale, WNA
  • Risso's dolphin, WNA
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA
TRAP/POT FISHERIES:
Northeast/Mid-Atlantic American lobster trap/pot

12,489

  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
  • Minke whale, Canadian east coast
  • North Atlantic right whale, WNA1
LONGLINE FISHERIES:
Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico large pelagics longline*

94

  • Atlantic spotted dolphin, Northern GMX
  • Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf
  • Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
  • Common dolphin, WNA
  • Cuvier's beaked whale, WNA
  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1
  • Mesoplodon beaked whale, WNA
  • Northern bottlenose whale, WNA
  • Pantropical spotted dolphin, Northern GMX
  • Pantropical spotted dolphin, WNA
  • Risso's dolphin, Northern GMX
  • Risso's dolphin, WNA
  • Short-finned pilot whale, Northern GMX
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA1
CATEGORY II
GILLNET FISHERIES:
Chesapeake Bay inshore gillnet2

1,167

None documented in recent 5 years of data
Gulf of Mexico gillnet2

724

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, and estuarine
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal
NC inshore gillnet

2,250

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
Northeast anchored float gillnet2

662

  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA
Northeast drift gillnet2

608

None documented
Southeast Atlantic gillnet2

779

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, GA coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, SC coastal
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic shark gillnet

30

  • Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal1
  • North Atlantic right whale, WNA
TRAWL FISHERIES:
Mid-Atlantic mid-water trawl (including pair trawl)

546

  • Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
  • Common dolphin, WNA
  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • Risso's dolphin, WNA
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA1
Mid-Atlantic bottom trawl

1,182

  • Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
  • Common dolphin, WNA1
  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA1
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA
Northeast mid-water trawl (including pair trawl)

953

  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA1
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA
Northeast bottom trawl

1,635

  • Common dolphin, WNA
  • Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Harp seal, WNA
  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA1
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shrimp trawl

4,950

  • Atlantic spotted dolphin, Northern GMX
  • Bottlenose dolphin, GA coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, SC coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine1
  • West Indian manatee, FL
TRAP/POT FISHERIES:
Atlantic blue crab trap/pot

6,479

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Charleston estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Jacksonville estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, GA coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GA/ Southern SC estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern GA estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, SC coastal1
  • West Indian manatee, FL1
Atlantic mixed species trap/pot2

1,912

  • Fin whale, WNA
  • Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:
Gulf of Mexico menhaden purse seine

40-42

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal1
Mid-Atlantic menhaden purse seine2

54

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal
HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:
Mid-Atlantic haul/beach seine

666

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1
NC long haul seine

372

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
STOP NET FISHERIES:
NC roe mullet stop net

13

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
POUND NET FISHERIES:
VA pound net

52

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1
CATEGORY III
GILLNET FISHERIES:
Caribbean gillnet

>991

  • Dwarf sperm whale, WNA
DE River inshore gillnet

60

None documented in recent 5 years of data
Long Island Sound inshore gillnet

20

None documented in recent 5 years of data
RI, southern MA (to Monomoy Island), and NY Bight (Raritan and Lower NY Bays) inshore gillnet

32

None documented in recent 5 years of data
Southeast Atlantic inshore gillnet

unknown

None documented
TRAWL FISHERIES:
Atlantic shellfish bottom trawl

>67

None documented
Gulf of Mexico butterfish trawl

2

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf
Gulf of Mexico mixed species trawl

20

None documented
GA cannonball jellyfish trawl

1

None documented
MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:
Finfish aquaculture

48

  • Harbor seal, WNA
Shellfish aquaculture

unknown

None documented
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:
Gulf of Maine Atlantic herring purse seine

>7

  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Gray seal, WNA
Gulf of Maine menhaden purse seine

>2

None documented
FL West Coast sardine purse seine

10

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
U.S. Atlantic tuna purse seine*

5

  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
LONGLINE/HOOK-AND-LINE FISHERIES:
Northeast/Mid-Atlantic bottom longline/hook-and-line

1,183

None documented in recent 5 years of data
Gulf of Maine , U.S. Mid-Atlantic tuna, shark swordfish hook-and-line/harpoon

>403

  • Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean snapper-grouper and other reef fish bottom longline/hook-and-line

>5,000

None documented
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shark bottom longline/hook-and-line

<125

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean pelagic hook-and-line/harpoon

1,446

None documented
U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico trotline

unknown

None documented
TRAP/POT FISHERIES
Caribbean mixed species trap/pot

>501

None documented
Caribbean spiny lobster trap/pot

>197

None documented
FL spiny lobster trap/pot

2,145

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, FL Bay estuarine
Gulf of Mexico blue crab trap/pot

4,113

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, & estuarine
  • West Indian manatee, FL
Gulf of Mexico mixed species trap/pot

unknown

None documented
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico golden crab trap/pot

10

None documented
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico stone crab trap/pot

4,453

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine
U.S. Mid-Atlantic eel trap/pot

>700

None documented
STOP SEINE/WEIR/POUND NET FISHERIES:
Gulf of Maine herring and Atlantic mackerel stop seine/weir

unknown

  • Gray seal, Northwest North Atlantic
  • Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Minke whale, Canadian East Coast
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA
U.S. Mid-Atlantic crab stop seine/weir

2,600

None documented
U.S. Mid-Atlantic mixed species stop seine/weir/pound net (except the NC roe mullet stop net)

unknown

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system
DREDGE FISHERIES:
Gulf of Maine mussel dredge

unknown

None documented
Gulf of Maine , U.S. Mid-Atlantic sea scallop dredge

258

None documented
U.S. Mid-Atlantic/Gulf of Mexico oyster dredge

7,000

None documented
U.S. Mid-Atlantic offshore surf clam and quahog dredge

unknown

None documented
HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:
Caribbean haul/beach seine

15

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
Gulf of Mexico haul/beach seine

unknown

None documented
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic haul/beach seine

25

None documented
DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:
Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean shellfish dive, hand/mechanical collection

20,000

None documented
Gulf of Maine urchin dive, hand/mechanical collection

unknown

None documented
Gulf of Mexico, Southeast Atlantic, Mid-Atlantic, and Caribbean cast net

unknown

None documented
COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:
Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean commercial passenger fishing vessel

4,000

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system

List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Table 2:


Table 3 - List of Fisheries -- Commercial Fisheries on the High Seas

Fishery Description

# of HSFCA permits

Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured
CATEGORY I
LONGLINE FISHERIES:
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species*+

77

  • Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
  • Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
  • Common dolphin, WNA
  • Cuvier's beaked whale, WNA
  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • Mesoplodon beaked whale, WNA
  • Pygmy sperm whale, WNA
  • Risso's dolphin, WNA
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
Western Pacific Pelagic (Deep-set component)*^+

127

  • Blainville's beaked whale, HI
  • Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
  • False killer whale, HI Pelagic
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
  • Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI
  • Risso's dolphin, HI
  • Short-finned pilot whale, HI
  • Striped dolphin, HI
CATEGORY II
DRIFT GILLNET FISHERIES:
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

1

Undetermined
TRAWL FISHERIES:
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species**

3

Undetermined
Pacific Highly Migratory Species**

2

Undetermined
CCAMLR

0

  • Antarctic fur seal
South Pacific Albacore Troll

2

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic

3

Undetermined
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:
South Pacific Tuna Fisheries

35

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic

3

Undetermined
POT VESSEL FISHERIES:
Pacific Highly Migratory Species**

7

Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll

5

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic

7

Undetermined
LONGLINE FISHERIES:
CCAMLR

0

None documented
Pacific Highly Migratory Species*+

75

  • Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA
South Pacific Albacore Troll

11

Undetermined
South Pacific Tuna Fisheries**

8

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic (Shallow-set component)*^+

28

  • Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
  • Bryde's whale, HI
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
  • Kogia sp. whale (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), HI
  • Risso's dolphin, HI
  • Striped dolphin, HI
HANDLINE/POLE AND LINE FISHERIES:
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

2

Undetermined
Pacific Highly Migratory Species

25

Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll

8

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic

10

Undetermined
TROLL FISHERIES:
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

7

Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll

59

Undetermined
South Pacific Tuna Fisheries**

3

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic

40

Undetermined
LINERS NEI FISHERIES:
Pacific Highly Migratory Species**

1

Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll

1

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic

1

Undetermined
FACTORY MOTHERSHIP FISHERIES:
Western Pacific Pelagic

1

Undetermined
MULTIPURPOSE VESSELS NEI FISHERIES:
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

1

Undetermined
Pacific Highly Migratory Species**

7

Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll

4

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic

5

Undetermined

 

CATEGORY III
DRIFT GILLNET FISHERIES:
Pacific Highly Migratory Species*^

3

  • Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
  • Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA
  • Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
  • Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA
  • Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:
Pacific Highly Migratory Species * ^

8

None documented
TROLL FISHERIES:
Pacific Highly Migratory Species*

271

None documented

List of Terms, Abbreviations, and Symbols Used in Table 3: