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2013 List of Fisheries (LOF)

« List of Fisheries Overview

The List of Fisheries (LOF) classifies U.S. commercial fisheries into Categories according to the level of interactions that result in incidental mortality or serious injury of marine mammals:

Click on the fishery links in the table below for descriptions (current and historical) of each Category I and II fishery.

See the Federal Register notice (78 FR 53336) for more information.


Table 1 - Commercial Fisheries in the Pacific Ocean

Fishery Description Estimated # of vessels/
persons
Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured
CATEGORY I
LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:    
HI deep-set (tuna target) longline/ set line *^

129

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
False killer whale, HI Insular1
False killer whale, HI Pelagic1
False killer whale, Palmyra Atoll
Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI
Risso's dolphin, HI
Short-finned pilot whale, HI
Striped dolphin, HI
GILLNET FISHERIES:    
CA thresher shark/ swordfish drift gillnet (≥14 in mesh) *

25

Bottlenose dolphin, CA/OR/WA offshore
California sea lion, U.S.
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA
Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Sperm Whale, CA/OR/WA1
CATEGORY II
GILLNET FISHERIES:    
CA halibut/ white seabass and other species set gillnet (>3.5 in mesh)

50

California sea lion, U.S.
Harbor seal, CA
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
Sea otter, CA
Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
CA yellowtail, barracuda, and white seabass drift gillnet (mesh size ≥3.5 in and <14 in) 2

30

California sea lion, U.S.
Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
AK Bristol Bay salmon drift gillnet2

1,863

Beluga whale, Bristol Bay
Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor seal, Bering Sea
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific
Spotted seal, AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Bristol Bay salmon set gillnet2

982

Beluga whale, Bristol Bay
Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor seal, Bering Sea
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Spotted seal, AK
AK Kodiak salmon set gillnet

188

Harbor porpoise, GOA1
Harbor seal, GOA
Sea otter, Southwest AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Cook Inlet salmon set gillnet

738

Beluga whale, Cook Inlet
Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, GOA
Harbor seal, GOA
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Cook Inlet salmon drift gillnet

569

Beluga whale, Cook Inlet
Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, GOA1
Harbor seal, GOA
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon drift gillnet2

162

Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, GOA
Harbor seal, GOA
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon set gillnet2

114

Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Prince William Sound salmon drift gillnet

537

Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, GOA1
Harbor seal, GOA
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific
Sea otter, South Central AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1
AK Southeast salmon drift gillnet

474

Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, Southeast AK
Harbor seal, Southeast AK
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific
Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
AK Yakutat salmon set gillnet2

167

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor Porpoise, Southeastern AK
Harbor seal, Southeast AK
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)
WA Puget Sound Region salmon drift gillnet (includes all inland waters south of US-Canada border and eastward of the Bonilla-Tatoosh line-Treaty Indian fishing is excluded)

210

Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA
Harbor porpoise, inland WA1
Harbor seal, WA inland
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:    
AK Cook Inlet salmon purse seine

82

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
AK Kodiak salmon purse seine

379

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
TRAWL FISHERIES:    
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands flatfish trawl

34

Bearded seal, AK
Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea
Harbor seal, Bering Sea
Humpback whale, Western North Pacific1
Killer whale, AK resident1
Killer whale, GOA, AI, BS transient1
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Ringed seal, AK
Ribbon seal, AK
Spotted seal, AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1
Walrus, AK
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands pollock trawl

95

Bearded Seal, AK
Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor seal, AK
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
Humpback whale, Western North Pacific
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Ribbon seal, AK
Ringed seal, AK
Spotted seal, AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1
Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish trawl

28

Killer whale, ENP AK resident1
Killer whale, GOA, AI, BS transient1
POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:    
CA spot prawn pot

27

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
CA Dungeness crab pot

534

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
OR Dungeness crab pot

433

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
WA/OR/CA sablefish pot

309

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
WA coastal Dungeness crab pot/trap

228

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:    
HI shallow-set (swordfish target) longline/ set line *^

20

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
False killer whale, HI Pelagic1
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
Kogia sp. whale (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), HI
Risso's dolphin, HI
Short-finned pilot whale, HI
Striped dolphin, HI
American Samoa longline2

24

False killer whale, American Samoa
Rough-toothed dolphin, American Samoa
HI shortline2

11

None documented
CATEGORY III
GILLNET FISHERIES:    
AK Kuskokwim, Yukon, Norton Sound, Kotzebue salmon gillnet

1702

Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea
AK miscellaneous finfish set gillnet

3

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Prince William Sound salmon set gillnet

30

Harbor seal, GOA
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK roe herring and food/bait herring gillnet

990

None documented
CA set gillnet (mesh size <3.5 in)

304

None documented
HI inshore gillnet

36

Bottlenose dolphin, HI
Spinner dolphin, HI
WA Grays Harbor salmon drift gillnet (excluding treaty Tribal fishing)

24

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
WA/OR herring, smelt, shad, sturgeon, bottom fish, mullet, perch, rockfish gillnet

913

None documented
WA/OR lower Columbia River (includes tributaries) drift gillnet

110

California sea lion, U.S.
Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
WA Willapa Bay drift gillnet

82

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
PURSE SEINE, BEACH SEINE, ROUND HAUL, THROW NET AND TANGLE NET FISHERIES:    
AK Southeast salmon purse seine

415

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
AK Metlakatla salmon purse seine

10

None documented
AK miscellaneous finfish beach seine

1

None documented
AK miscellaneous finfish purse seine

2

None documented
AK octopus/squid purse seine

0

None documented
AK roe herring and food/bait herring beach seine

6

None documented
AK roe herring and food/bait herring purse seine

367

None documented
AK salmon beach seine

31

None documented
AK salmon purse seine (excluding salmon purse seine fisheries listed as Category II)

935

Harbor seal, GOA
CA anchovy, mackerel, sardine purse seine

65

California sea lion, U.S.
Harbor seal, CA
CA squid purse seine

80

Long-beaked common dolphin, CAShort-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
CA tuna purse seine *

10

None documented
WA/OR sardine purse seine

42

None documented
WA (all species) beach seine or drag seine

235

None documented
WA/OR herring, smelt, squid purse seine or lampara

130

None documented
WA salmon purse seine

440

None documented
WA salmon reef net

53

None documented
HI opelu/akule net

22

None documented
HI inshore purse seine

<3

None documented
HI throw net, cast net

29

None documented
HI hukilau net

26

None documented
HI lobster tangle net

0

None documented
DIP NET FISHERIES:    
CA squid dip net

115

None documented
WA/OR smelt, herring dip net

119

None documented
MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:    
CA marine shellfish aquaculture

unknown

None documented
CA salmon enhancement rearing pen

>1

None documented
CA white seabass enhancement net pens

13

California sea lion, U.S.
HI offshore pen culture

2

None documented
OR salmon ranch

1

None documented
WA/OR salmon net pens

14

California sea lion, U.S.
Harbor seal, WA inland waters
TROLL FISHERIES:    
AK North Pacific halibut, AK bottom fish, WA/OR/CA albacore, groundfish, bottom fish, CA halibut non-salmonid troll fisheries *

1,320 (120 AK)

None documented
AK salmon troll

2,008

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
American Samoa tuna troll

7

None documented
CA/OR/WA salmon troll

4,300

None documented
HI trolling, rod and reel

1,560

Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands tuna troll

40

None documented
Guam tuna troll

432

None documented
LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:    
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod longline

154

Dall's Porpoise, AK
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish longline

0

None documented
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Greenland turbot longline

36

Killer whale, AK resident
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands sablefish longline

28

None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska halibut longline

1,302

None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod longline

107

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish longline

0

None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska sablefish longline

291

Sperm whale, North Pacific
AK halibut longline/set line (State and Federal waters)

2,280

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
AK octopus/squid longline

2

None documented
AK State-managed waters longline/setline (including sablefish, rockfish, lingcod, and miscellaneous finfish)

1,323

None documented
WA/OR/CA groundfish, bottomfish longline/set line

367

Bottlenose dolphin, CA/OR/WA offshore
WA/OR North Pacific halibut longline/set line

350

None documented
CA pelagic longline

6

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
HI kaka line

17

None documented
HI vertical longline

9

None documented
TRAWL FISHERIES:    
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Atka mackerel trawl

9

Ribbon seal, AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod trawl

93

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Gulf of Alaska flatfish trawl

41

Northern elephant seal, NP
AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod trawl

62

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Gulf of Alaska pollock trawl

62

Dall's porpoise, AK
Fin whale, Northeast Pacific
Northern elephant seal, North Pacific
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish trawl

34

None documented
AK food/bait herring trawl

4

None documented
AK miscellaneous finfish otter / beam trawl

282

None documented
AK shrimp otter trawl and beam trawl (statewide and Cook Inlet)

33

None documented
AK State-managed waters of Cook Inlet, Kachemak Bay, Prince William Sound, Southeast AK groundfish trawl

2

None documented
 
CA halibut bottom trawl

53

None documented
WA/OR/CA shrimp trawl

300

None documented
WA/OR/CA groundfish trawl

160-180

California sea lion, U.S.
Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA
Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:    
AK statewide miscellaneous finfish pot

243

None documented
AK Aleutian Islands sablefish pot

8

None documented
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod pot

68

None documented
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands crab pot

296

None documented
AK Bering Sea sablefish pot

6

None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska crab pot

389

None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod pot

154

Harbor seal, GOA
AK Southeast Alaska crab pot

415

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)
AK Southeast Alaska shrimp pot
 

274

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)
AK shrimp pot, except Southeast

210

None documented
AK octopus/squid pot

26

None documented
AK snail pot

1

None documented
CA coonstripe shrimp, rock crab, tanner crab pot or trap

305

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor seal, CA
CA spiny lobster

225

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
OR/CA hagfish pot or trap

54

None documented
WA/OR shrimp pot/trap

254

None documented
WA Puget Sound Dungeness crab pot/trap

249

None documented
HI crab trap

9

None documented
HI fish trap

9

None documented
HI lobster trap

<3

Hawaiian monk seal
HI shrimp trap

4

None documented
HI crab net

6

None documented
HI Kona crab loop net

48

None documented
HANDLINE AND JIG FISHERIES:    
AK miscellaneous finfish handline/hand troll and mechanical jig

456

None documented
AK North Pacific halibut handline/hand troll and mechanical jig

180

None documented
AK octopus/squid handline

0

None documented
American Samoa bottomfish

12

None documented
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands bottomfish

28

None documented
Guam bottomfish

>300

None documented
HI aku boat, pole, and line 3 None documented
HI Main Hawaiian Islands deep-sea bottomfish handline

567

Hawaiian monk seal
HI inshore handline

378

None documented
HI tuna handline

459

None documented
WA groundfish, bottomfish jig

679

None documented
Western Pacific squid jig

<3

None documented
HARPOON FISHERIES:    
CA swordfish harpoon

30

None documented
POUND NET/WEIR FISHERIES:    
AK herring spawn on kelp pound net

411

None documented
AK Southeast herring roe/food/bait pound net

4

None documented
WA herring brush weir

1

None documented
HI bullpen trap

<3

None documented
BAIT PENS:    
WA/OR/CA bait pens

13

California sea lion, U.S.
DREDGE FISHERIES:    
Coastwide scallop dredge

108 (12 AK)

None documented
DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:    
AK abalone

0

None documented
AK clam

156

None documented
WA herring spawn on kelp

4

None documented
AK Dungeness crab

2

None documented
AK herring spawn on kelp

266

None documented
AK urchin and other fish/shellfish

521

None documented
CA abalone

0

None documented
CA sea urchin

583

None documented
HI black coral diving

<3

None documented
HI fish pond

16

None documented
HI handpick

57

None documented
HI lobster diving

29

None documented
HI spearfishing

143

None documented
WA/CA kelp

4

None documented
WA/OR sea urchin, other clam, octopus, oyster, sea cucumber, scallop, ghost shrimp hand, dive, or mechanical collection

637

None documented
WA shellfish aquaculture

684

None documented
COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:    
AK/WA/OR/CA commercial passenger fishing vessel

>7,000 (2,702 AK)

Killer whale, stock unknown
Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
HI charter vessel

114

Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI
LIVE FINFISH/SHELLFISH FISHERIES:    
CA nearshore finfish live trap/hook-and-line

93

None documented

List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Table 1:



Table 2 - Commercial Fisheries in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean

Fishery Description Estimated # of vessels/ persons Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured
CATEGORY I
GILLNET FISHERIES:    
Mid-Atlantic gillnet

5,509

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Gray seal, WNA
Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
Harbor seal, WNA
Harp seal, WNA
Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Minke whale, Canadian east coast
Risso's dolphin, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
White-sided dolphin, WNA
Northeast sink gillnet

4,375

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Fin whale, WNA
Gray seal, WNA
Harbor porpoise, GME/BF1
Harbor seal, WNA
Harp seal, WNA
Hooded seal, WNA
Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
Long-finned Pilot whale, WNA
Minke whale, Canadian east coast
North Atlantic right whale, WNA
Risso's dolphin, WNA
Short-finned Pilot whale, WNA
White-sided dolphin, WNA
TRAP/POT FISHERIES:    
Northeast/Mid-Atlantic American lobster trap/pot

11,693

Harbor seal, WNA
Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
Minke whale, Canadian east coast
North Atlantic right whale, WNA1
LONGLINE FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico large pelagics longline*

234

Atlantic spotted dolphin, GMX continental and oceanic
Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Cuvier’s beaked whale, WNA
Gervais beaked whale, GMX oceanic
Killer whale, GMX oceanic
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1
Mesoplodon beaked whale, WNA
Northern bottlenose whale, WNA
Pantropical spotted dolphin, Northern GMX
Pantropical spotted dolphin, WNA
Risso's dolphin, Northern GMX
Risso's dolphin, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, Northern GMX
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA1
Sperm whale, GMX oceanic
CATEGORY II
GILLNET FISHERIES:    
Chesapeake Bay inshore gillnet2

1,126

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
Gulf of Mexico gillnet2

724

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, and estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal
NC inshore gillnet

1,323

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
Northeast anchored float gillnet2

421

Harbor seal, WNA
Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
White-sided dolphin, WNA
Northeast drift gillnet2

311

None documented
Southeast Atlantic gillnet2

357

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, SC/GA coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic shark gillnet

30

Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal
North Atlantic right whale, WNA
TRAWL FISHERIES    
Mid-Atlantic mid-water trawl (including pair trawl)

322

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Risso's dolphin, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
White-sided dolphin, WNA1
Mid-Atlantic bottom trawl

631

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA1
Gray seal, WNA
Harbor seal, WNA
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1
Risso’s dolphin, WNA1
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA1
White-sided dolphin, WNA
Northeast mid-water trawl (including pair trawl)

1,103

Gray seal, WNA
Harbor seal, WNA
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA1
Common dolphin, WNA
White-sided dolphin, WNA
Northeast bottom trawl

2,987

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Gray seal, WNA
Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
Harbor seal, WNA
Harp seal, WNA
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Minke whale, Canadian East Coast
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
White-sided dolphin, WNA1
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shrimp trawl

4,950

Atlantic spotted dolphin, GMX continental and oceanic
Bottlenose dolphin, SC/GA coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX continental shelf
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine1
TRAP/POT FISHERIES:    
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico stone crab trap/pot2

1,282

Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, FL Bay
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine (FL west coast portion)
Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Jacksonville estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
Atlantic mixed species trap/pot2

3,467

Fin whale, WNA
Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
Atlantic blue crab trap/pot

8,557

Bottlenose dolphin, Charleston estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Jacksonville estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, SC/GA coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GA/Southern SC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern GA estuarine system1 Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
West Indian manatee, FL1
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:    
Gulf of Mexico menhaden purse seine
  

40-42

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal1
Mid-Atlantic menhaden purse seine2

5

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal
HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:    
Mid-Atlantic haul/beach seine

565

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1
NC long haul seine

372

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
STOP NET FISHERIES:    
NC roe mullet stop net

13

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
POUND NET FISHERIES:    
VA pound net

67

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1
CATEGORY III
GILLNET FISHERIES:    
Caribbean gillnet

>991

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
DE River inshore gillnet

unknown

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
Long Island Sound inshore gillnet

unknown

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
RI, southern MA (to Monomoy Island), and NY Bight (Raritan and Lower NY Bays) inshore gillnet

unknown

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
Southeast Atlantic inshore gillnet

unknown

None documented
TRAWL FISHERIES:    
Atlantic shellfish bottom trawl

>58

None documented
Gulf of Mexico butterfish trawl

2

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf
Gulf of Mexico mixed species trawl

20

None documented
GA cannonball jellyfish trawl

1

Bottlenose dolphin, South Carolina/Georgia
MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:    
Finfish aquaculture

48

Harbor seal, WNA
Shellfish aquaculture

unknown

None documented
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:    
Gulf of Maine Atlantic herring purse seine

>7

Harbor seal, WNA
Gray seal, WNA
Gulf of Maine menhaden purse seine

>2

None documented
FL West Coast sardine purse seine

10

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
U.S. Atlantic tuna purse seine *

5

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
LONGLINE/HOOK-AND-LINE FISHERIES:    
Northeast/Mid-Atlantic bottom longline/hook-and-line

>1,207

None documented
Gulf of Maine, U.S. Mid-Atlantic tuna, shark swordfish hook-and-line/harpoon

428

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean snapper-grouper and other reef fish bottom longline/hook-and-line

>5,000

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX continental shelf
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shark bottom longline/hook-and-line

<125

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean pelagic hook-and-line/harpoon

1,446

None documented
U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico trotline

unknown

None documented
TRAP/POT FISHERIES    
Caribbean mixed species trap/pot

>501

None documented
Caribbean spiny lobster trap/pot

>197

None documented
FL spiny lobster trap/pot

1,268

Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, FL Bay estuarine
Gulf of Mexico blue crab trap/pot

4,113

Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine
West Indian manatee, FL
Gulf of Mexico mixed species trap/pot

unknown

None documented
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico golden crab trap/pot

10

None documented
U.S. Mid-Atlantic eel trap/pot

unknown

None documented
STOP SEINE/WEIR/POUND NET/FLOATING TRAP FISHERIES:    
Gulf of Maine herring and Atlantic mackerel stop seine/weir

>1

Gray seal, WNA
Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
Harbor seal, WNA
Minke whale, Canadian east coast
White-sided dolphin, WNA
U.S. Mid-Atlantic crab stop seine/weir

2,600

None documented
U.S. Mid-Atlantic mixed species stop seine/weir/pound net (except the NC roe mullet stop net)

unknown

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system
RI floating trap

9

None documented
DREDGE FISHERIES:    
Gulf of Maine mussel dredge

unknown

None documented
Gulf of Maine, U.S. Mid-Atlantic sea scallop dredge

>403

None documented
U.S. Mid-Atlantic/Gulf of Mexico oyster dredge

7,000

None documented
U.S. Mid-Atlantic offshore surf clam and quahog dredge

unknown

None documented
HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:    
Caribbean haul/beach seine

15

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
Gulf of Mexico haul/beach seine

unknown

None documented
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic haul/beach seine

25

None documented
DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean shellfish dive, hand/mechanical collection

20,000

None documented
Gulf of Maine urchin dive, hand/mechanical collection

unknown

None documented
Gulf of Mexico, Southeast Atlantic, Mid-Atlantic, and Caribbean cast net

unknown

None documented
COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean commercial passenger fishing vessel

4,000

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system

List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Table 2:



Table 3 - Commercial Fisheries on the High Seas

Fishery Description # of HSFCA permits Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured
Category I
LONGLINE FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species * +

79

Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Cuvier's beaked whale, WNA
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Mesoplodon beaked whale, WNA
Pygmy sperm whale, WNA
Risso's dolphin, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
Western Pacific Pelagic (HI Deep-set component) * ^+

124

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
Bottlenose dolphin, unknown
False killer whale, HI Pelagic
False killer whale, unknown
Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI
Pantropical spotted dolphin, unknown
Risso's dolphin, HI
Risso's dolphin, unknown
Short-finned pilot whale, HI
Short-finned pilot whale, unknown
Striped dolphin, HI
Striped dolphin, unknown
Category II
DRIFT GILLNET FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

2

Undetermined
Pacific Highly Migratory Species * ^

4

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA
Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
TRAWL FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species **

5

Undetermined
CCAMLR

0

Antarctic fur seal
Western Pacific Pelagic

0

Undetermined
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:    
South Pacific Tuna Fisheries

38

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic

3

Undetermined
POT VESSEL FISHERIES:    
Pacific Highly Migratory Species **

3

Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll

3

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic

3

Undetermined
LONGLINE FISHERIES:    
CCAMLR

0

None documented
South Pacific Albacore Troll

11

Undetermined
South Pacific Tuna Fisheries **

10

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic (HI Shallow-set component) * ^+

28

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
Bottlenose dolphin, unknown
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
Kogia sp. whale (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), HI
Kogia sp. whale (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), unknown
Risso's dolphin, HI
Risso's dolphin, unknown
Short-finned pilot whale, HI
Short-finned pilot whale, unknown
Striped dolphin, HI
Striped dolphin, unknown
HANDLINE/POLE AND LINE FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

3

Undetermined
Pacific Highly Migratory Species

40

Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll

7

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic

6

Undetermined
TROLL FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

5

Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll

36

Undetermined
South Pacific Tuna Fisheries **

3

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic

22

Undetermined
LINERS NEI FISHERIES:    
Pacific Highly Migratory Species **

1

Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll

1

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic

1

Undetermined
FACTORY MOTHERSHIP FISHERIES:    
Western Pacific Pelagic

1

Undetermined
MULTIPURPOSE VESSELS NEI FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

1

Undetermined
Pacific Highly Migratory Species **

5

Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll

4

Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic

4

Undetermined
Category III
LONGLINE FISHERIES:    
Pacific Highly Migratory Species * +

96

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES    
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species *^

0

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
Pacific Highly Migratory Species * ^

6

None documented
TROLL FISHERIES:    
Pacific Highly Migratory Species *

263

None documented

List of Terms, Abbreviations, and Symbols Used in Table 3: