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2017 List of Fisheries (LOF)

« List of Fisheries Overview

The 2017 List of Fisheries (LOF) classifies U.S. commercial fisheries into Categories according to the level of interactions that result in incidental mortality or serious injury of marine mammals:


Click on the fishery name links in the table below for (current and historical) descriptions.

For more information, please see the Federal Register (82 FR 3655, January 12, 2017).  

In accordance with the White House memorandum of January 20, 2017, the effective date is delayed to March 21, 2017 (82 FR 9690, February 8, 2017).

 


Table 1 - Commercial Fisheries in the Pacific Ocean

Fishery Description Estimated # of vessels/persons Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured
CATEGORY I
LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:    
HI deep-set longline *^ 139

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
False killer whale, MHI Insular1
False killer whale, HI Pelagic1
False killer whale, NWHI Humpback whale, Central North Pacific  Pygmy killer whale, HI
Risso's dolphin, HI
Short-finned pilot whale, HI
Sperm whale, HI
Striped dolphin, HI

GILLNET FISHERIES:    
CA thresher shark/ swordfish drift gillnet (>/=14 in mesh) * 18 Bottlenose dolphin, CA/OR/WA offshore
California sea lion, U.S.
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA
Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
Minke whale, CA/OR/WA
Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Short-finned pilot whale, CA/OR/WA
Sperm Whale, CA/OR/WA1
CATEGORY II
GILLNET FISHERIES:    
CA halibut/ white seabass and other species set gillnet (>3.5 in mesh) 50 California sea lion, U.S.
Harbor seal, CA
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
Sea otter, CA
Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
CA yellowtail, barracuda, and white seabass drift gillnet (mesh size >/=3.5 in and <14 in) 2 30 California sea lion, U.S.
Long-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
AK Bristol Bay salmon drift gillnet2 1,863 Beluga whale, Bristol Bay
Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor seal, Bering Sea
Northern fur seal, North Pacific
Pacific white-sided dolphin, central North Pacific
Spotted seal, AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Bristol Bay salmon set gillnet2 982 Beluga whale, Bristol Bay
Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor seal, Bering Sea
Northern fur seal, North Pacific
Spotted seal, AK
AK Kodiak salmon set gillnet 188 Harbor porpoise, GOA1
Harbor seal, GOA
Sea otter, Southwest AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Cook Inlet salmon set gillnet 736 Beluga whale, Cook Inlet
Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, GOA
Harbor seal, GOA
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
Sea otter, South central AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Cook Inlet salmon drift gillnet 569 Beluga whale, Cook Inlet
Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, GOA1
Harbor seal, GOA
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon drift gillnet2 162 Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, GOA
Harbor seal, GOA
Northern fur seal, North Pacific
AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon set gillnet2 113 Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea
Northern Sea otter, Southwest AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Prince William Sound salmon drift gillnet 537 Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, GOA1
Harbor seal, GOA
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific
Sea otter, AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1
AK Southeast salmon drift gillnet 474 Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, Southeast AK
Harbor seal, Southeast AK
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
Pacific white-sided dolphin, central North Pacific
Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
AK Yakutat salmon set gillnet2 167 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor Porpoise, Southeastern AK
Harbor seal, Southeast AK
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)
WA Puget Sound Region salmon drift gillnet (includes all inland waters south of US-Canada border and eastward of the Bonilla-Tatoosh line-Treaty Indian fishing is excluded) 210 Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA
Harbor porpoise, inland WA1
Harbor seal, WA inland
TRAWL FISHERIES:    
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands flatfish trawl 34 Bearded seal, AK
Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea
Harbor seal, Bering Sea
Humpback whale, Western North Pacific1
Killer whale, AK resident1
Killer whale, GOA, AI, BS transient1
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Ringed seal, AK
Ribbon seal, AK
Spotted seal, AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1
Walrus, AK
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands pollock trawl 95 Bearded Seal, AK
Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor seal, Bering Sea
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
Humpback whale, Western North Pacific
Northern fur seal, AK
Ribbon seal, AK
Ringed seal, AK
Spotted seal, AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish trawl 10 Killer whale, ENP AK resident1
Killer whale, GOA, AI, BS transient1
POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:    
CA spot prawn pot 27 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
CA Dungeness crab pot 534 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
OR Dungeness crab pot 433 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
WA/OR/CA sablefish pot 309 Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
WA coastal Dungeness crab pot 228 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:    
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod longline 45 Dall's porpoise, AK
Killer whale, GOA, BSAI, transient1
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Ringed seal, AK
HI shallow-set longline *^ 20 Blainville's beaked whale, HI
Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
False killer whale, HI Pelagic1
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
Risso's dolphin, HI
Rough-toothed dolphin, HI
Short-finned pilot whale, HI
Striped dolphin, HI
American Samoa longline2 20 False killer whale, American Samoa
Rough-toothed dolphin, American Samoa
Short-finned pilot whale, unknown
HI shortline2 9 None documented
CATEGORY III
GILLNET FISHERIES:    
AK Kuskokwim, Yukon, Norton Sound, Kotzebue salmon gillnet 1,778 Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea
AK miscellaneous finfish set gillnet 54 Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Prince William Sound salmon set gillnet 29 Harbor seal, GOA
Sea otter, South central AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK roe herring and food/bait herring gillnet 920 None documented
CA set gillnet (mesh size <3.5 in) 296 None documented
HI inshore gillnet 36 Bottlenose dolphin, HI
Spinner dolphin, HI
WA Grays Harbor salmon drift gillnet (excluding treaty Tribal fishing) 24 Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
WA/OR Mainstem Columbia River eulachon gillnet 15 None documented
WA/OR lower Columbia River (includes tributaries) drift gillnet 110 California sea lion, U.S.
Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
WA Willapa Bay drift gillnet 82 Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
MISCELLANEOUS NET FISHERIES:    
AK Cook Inlet salmon purse seine 83 Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
AK Kodiak salmon purse seine 376 Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
AK Southeast salmon purse seine 315 None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
AK Metlakatla salmon purse seine 10 None documented
AK miscellaneous finfish beach seine 2 None documented
AK miscellaneous finfish purse seine 2 None documented
AK octopus/squid purse seine 0 None documented
AK roe herring and food/bait herring beach seine 10 None documented
AK roe herring and food/bait herring purse seine 356 None documented
AK salmon beach seine 31 None documented
AK salmon purse seine (excluding salmon purse seine fisheries listed elsewhere) 936 Harbor seal, GOA
CA squid purse seine 80 Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
CA tuna purse seine * 10 None documented
WA/OR Lower Columbia salmon seine 10 None documented
WA/OR herring, smelt, squid purse seine or lampara 130 None documented
WA salmon purse seine 75 None documented
WA salmon reef net 11 None documented
HI lift net 17 None documented
HI inshore purse seine <3 None documented
HI throw net, cast net 23 None documented
HI seine net 24 None documented
DIP NET FISHERIES:    
CA squid dip net 115 None documented
MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:    
CA marine shellfish aquaculture unknown None documented
CA salmon enhancement rearing pen >1 None documented
CA white seabass enhancement net pens 13 California sea lion, U.S.
HI offshore pen culture 2 None documented
WA salmon net pens 14 California sea lion, U.S.
Harbor seal, WA inland waters
WA/OR shellfish aquaculture 23 None documented
TROLL FISHERIES:    
WA/OR/CA albacore surface hook and line/troll 705 None documented
CA halibut hook and line/handline unknown None documented
CA white seabass hook and line/handline unknown None documented
AK salmon troll 1,908 Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
American Samoa tuna troll 13 None documented
CA/OR/WA salmon troll 4,300 None documented
HI troll 2,117 Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI
HI rod and reel 322 None documented
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands tuna troll 40 None documented
Guam tuna troll 432 None documented
LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:    
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish longline 3 None documented
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Greenland turbot longline 4 Killer whale, AK resident
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands sablefish longline 22 None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska halibut longline 855 None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod longline 92 Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish longline 25 None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska sablefish longline 295 Sperm whale, North Pacific
AK halibut longline/set line (State and Federal waters) 2,197 None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
AK octopus/squid longline 3 None documented
AK State-managed waters longline/setline (including sablefish, rockfish, lingcod, and miscellaneous finfish) 464 None documented
WA/OR/CA groundfish, bottomfish longline/set line 367 Bottlenose dolphin, CA/OR/WA offshore
WA/OR Pacific halibut longline 350 None documented
CA pelagic longline 1 None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
HI kaka line 15 None documented
HI vertical line 3 None documented
TRAWL FISHERIES:    
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Atka mackerel trawl 13 Ribbon seal, AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod trawl 72 Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Gulf of Alaska flatfish trawl 36 Northern elephant seal, North Pacific
AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod trawl 55 Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Gulf of Alaska pollock trawl 67 Dall's porpoise, AK
Fin whale, Northeast Pacific
Northern elephant seal, North Pacific
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish trawl 43 None documented
AK food/bait herring trawl 4 None documented
AK miscellaneous finfish otter / beam trawl 282 None documented
AK shrimp otter trawl and beam trawl (statewide and Cook Inlet) 38 None documented
AK State-managed waters of Cook Inlet, Kachemak Bay, Prince William Sound, Southeast AK groundfish trawl 2 None documented
 
CA halibut bottom trawl 47 California sea lion, U.S.
Harbor porpoise, unknown
Harbor seal, unknown
Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
Steller sea lion, unknown
CA sea cucumber trawl 16 None documented
WA/OR/CA shrimp trawl 300 None documented
WA/OR/CA groundfish trawl 160-180 California sea lion, U.S.
Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA
Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:    
AK statewide miscellaneous finfish pot 4 None documented
AK Aleutian Islands sablefish pot 4 None documented
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod pot 59 None documented
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands crab pot 540 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
AK Bering Sea sablefish pot 2 None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska crab pot 381 None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod pot 128 Harbor seal, GOA
AK Southeast Alaska crab pot 41 Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)
AK Southeast Alaska shrimp pot
 
269 Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)
AK shrimp pot, except Southeast 236 None documented
AK octopus/squid pot 26 None documented
AK snail pot 1 None documented
CA/OR coonstripe shrimp pot 36 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor seal, CA
CA rock crab pot 124 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor seal, CA
CA spiny lobster 225 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
WA/OR/CA hagfish pot 54 None documented
WA/OR shrimp pot/trap 254 None documented
WA Puget Sound Dungeness crab pot/trap 249 None documented
HI crab trap 5 Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
HI fish trap 9 None documented
HI lobster trap <3 None documented in recent years
HI shrimp trap 10 None documented
HI crab net 4 None documented
HI Kona crab loop net 33 None documented
HOOK-AND-LINE, HANDLINE AND JIG FISHERIES:    
AK miscellaneous finfish handline/hand troll and mechanical jig 456 Fin whale, Northeast Pacific Humpback whale, Eastern North Pacific Humpback whale, Western North Pacific1
AK North Pacific halibut handline/hand troll and mechanical jig 180 None documented
AK octopus/squid handline 7 None documented
American Samoa bottomfish 24 None documented
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands bottomfish 28 None documented
Guam bottomfish >300 None documented
HI aku boat, pole, and line <3 None documented
HI bottomfish handline 578 None documented in recent years
HI inshore handline 357 None documented
HI pelagic handline 534 None documented
WA groundfish, bottomfish jig 679 None documented
Western Pacific squid jig 0 None documented
HARPOON FISHERIES:    
CA swordfish harpoon 6 None documented
POUND NET/WEIR FISHERIES:    
AK herring spawn on kelp pound net 409 None documented
AK Southeast herring roe/food/bait pound net 2 None documented
HI bullpen trap 3 None documented
BAIT PENS:    
WA/OR/CA bait pens 13 California sea lion, U.S.
DREDGE FISHERIES:    
Alaska scallop dredge 108 (5 AK) None documented
DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:    
AK abalone 0 None documented
AK clam 130 None documented
AK Dungeness crab 2 None documented
AK herring spawn on kelp 339 None documented
AK urchin and other fish/shellfish 398 None documented
HI black coral diving <3 None documented
HI fish pond 5 None documented
HI handpick 46 None documented
HI lobster diving 19 None documented
HI spearfishing 163 None documented
WA/CA kelp 4 None documented
WA/OR bait shrimp, clam hand, dive, or mechanical collection 210 None documented
OR/CA sea urchin, sea cucumber hand, dive, or mechanical collection 10 None documented
COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:    
AK/WA/OR/CA commercial passenger fishing vessel >7,000 (2,702 AK) Killer whale, unknown
Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
HI charter vessel 114 None documented
LIVE FINFISH/SHELLFISH FISHERIES:    
CA nearshore finfish live trap/hook-and-line 93 None documented
HI aquarium collecting 90 None documented

List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Table 1:


 


Table 2 - Commercial Fisheries in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean

Fishery Description Estimated # of vessels/persons Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured
CATEGORY I
GILLNET FISHERIES:    
Mid-Atlantic gillnet 3,950 Bottlenose dolphin, Northern migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Gray seal, WNA
Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
Harbor seal, WNA
Harp seal, WNA
Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
Minke whale, Canadian east coast
Northeast sink gillnet 4,332 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Fin whale, WNA
Gray seal, WNA
Harbor porpoise, GME/BF1
Harbor seal, WNA
Harp seal, WNA
Hooded seal, WNA
Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Minke whale, Canadian east coast
North Atlantic right whale, WNA
Risso's dolphin, WNA
White-sided dolphin, WNA
TRAP/POT FISHERIES:    
Northeast/Mid-Atlantic American lobster trap/pot 10,163 Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
Minke whale, Canadian east coast
North Atlantic right whale, WNA1
LONGLINE FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico large pelagics longline* 420 Atlantic spotted dolphin, GMX continental and oceanic
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Cuvier’s beaked whale, WNA
False killer whale, WNA               Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
Kogia spp. (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), WNA
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1
Mesoplodon beaked whale, WNA
Minke whale, Canadian East coast
Pantropical spotted dolphin, Northern GMX
Pygmy sperm whale, GMX
Risso's dolphin, Northern GMX
Risso's dolphin, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, Northern GMX
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA1
CATEGORY II
GILLNET FISHERIES:    
Chesapeake Bay inshore gillnet2 248 Bottlenose dolphin, unknown (Northern migratory coastal or Southern migratory coastal)
Gulf of Mexico gillnet2 248 Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, and estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal
NC inshore gillnet 2,850 Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
Northeast anchored float gillnet2 852 Harbor seal, WNA
Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
White-sided dolphin, WNA
Northeast drift gillnet2 1,036 None documented
Southeast Atlantic gillnet2 357 Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, SC/GA coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic shark gillnet 30 Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal1 Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal   Bottlenose dolphin, unknown
North Atlantic right whale, WNA
TRAWL FISHERIES    
Mid-Atlantic mid-water trawl (including pair trawl) 382 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore Gray seal, WNA
Harbor seal, WNA
White-sided dolphin, WNA1
Mid-Atlantic bottom trawl 785 Common dolphin, WNA1
Gray seal, WNA
Harbor seal, WNA
Risso’s dolphin, WNA1
Northeast mid-water trawl (including pair trawl) 1,087 Common dolphin, WNA
Gray seal, WNA
Harbor seal, WNA
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1
Minke whale, Canadian East coast
Northeast bottom trawl 2,238 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Gray seal, WNA
Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
Harbor seal, WNA
Harp seal, WNA
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Risso's dolphin, WNA
White-sided dolphin, WNA1
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shrimp trawl 4,950 Atlantic spotted dolphin, GMX continental and oceanic
Bottlenose dolphin, Charleston estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine1
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX continental shelf
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, SC/GA coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern migratory coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal
West Indian manatee, Florida
TRAP/POT FISHERIES:    
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico stone crab trap/pot2 1,384 Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal   Bottlenose dolphin, FL Bay
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine (FL west coast portion)
Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Jacksonville estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
Atlantic mixed species trap/pot2 3,436 Fin whale, WNA
Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
Atlantic blue crab trap/pot 7,714 Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Central GA estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Charleston estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Jacksonville estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GA/Southern SC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern SC estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, SC/GA coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern GA estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
West Indian manatee, FL1
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:    
Gulf of Mexico menhaden purse seine
  
40-42 Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Mississippi Sound, Lake Borgne, Bay Boudreau
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal1
Mid-Atlantic menhaden purse seine2 19 Bottlenose dolphin, Northern migratory coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern migratory coastal
HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:    
Mid-Atlantic haul/beach seine 359 Bottlenose dolphin, Northern migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern migratory coastal1
NC long haul seine 30 Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system
STOP NET FISHERIES:    
NC roe mullet stop net 1 Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1 Bottlenose dolphin, unknown (Southern migratory coastal or Southern NC estuarine system)
POUND NET FISHERIES:    
VA pound net 26 Bottlenose dolphin, Northern migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern migratory coastal1
CATEGORY III
GILLNET FISHERIES:    
Caribbean gillnet >991 None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
DE River inshore gillnet unknown None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
Long Island Sound inshore gillnet unknown None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
RI, southern MA (to Monomoy Island), and NY Bight (Raritan and Lower NY Bays) inshore gillnet unknown None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
Southeast Atlantic inshore gillnet unknown Bottlenose dolphin, Northern SC estuarine system
TRAWL FISHERIES:    
Atlantic shellfish bottom trawl >58 None documented
Gulf of Mexico butterfish trawl 2 Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf
Gulf of Mexico mixed species trawl 20 None documented
GA cannonball jellyfish trawl 1 Bottlenose dolphin, SC/GA coastal
MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:    
Finfish aquaculture 48 Harbor seal, WNA
Shellfish aquaculture unknown None documented
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:    
Gulf of Maine Atlantic herring purse seine >7 Harbor seal, WNA
Gray seal, WNA
Gulf of Maine menhaden purse seine >2 None documented
FL West Coast sardine purse seine 10 Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
U.S. Atlantic tuna purse seine * 5 Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
LONGLINE/HOOK-AND-LINE FISHERIES:    
Northeast/Mid-Atlantic bottom longline/hook-and-line >1,207 None documented
Gulf of Maine, U.S. Mid-Atlantic tuna, shark swordfish hook-and-line/harpoon 428 Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean snapper-grouper and other reef fish bottom longline/hook-and-line >5,000 Bottlenose dolphin, GMX continental shelf
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shark bottom longline/hook-and-line <125 Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean pelagic hook-and-line/harpoon 1,446 None documented
U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico trotline unknown None documented
TRAP/POT FISHERIES    
Caribbean mixed species trap/pot >501 None documented
Caribbean spiny lobster trap/pot >197 None documented
FL spiny lobster trap/pot 1,268 Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine    Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, FL Bay estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, FL Keys
Gulf of Mexico blue crab trap/pot 4,113 Bottlenose dolphin, Barataria Bay
Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Mississippi Sound, Lake Borgne, Bay Boudreau
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine
West Indian manatee, FL
Gulf of Mexico mixed species trap/pot unknown None documented
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico golden crab trap/pot 10 None documented
U.S. Mid-Atlantic eel trap/pot unknown None documented
STOP SEINE/WEIR/POUND NET/FLOATING TRAP FISHERIES:    
Gulf of Maine herring and Atlantic mackerel stop seine/weir >1 Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
Harbor seal, WNA
Minke whale, Canadian east coast
White-sided dolphin, WNA
U.S. Mid-Atlantic crab stop seine/weir 2,600 None documented
U.S. Mid-Atlantic mixed species stop seine/weir/pound net (except the NC roe mullet stop net) unknown Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system
RI floating trap 9 None documented
Northeast and Mid-Atlantic fyke net unknown None documented
DREDGE FISHERIES:    
Gulf of Maine sea urchin dredge unknown None documented
Gulf of Maine mussel dredge unknown None documented
Gulf of Maine, U.S. Mid-Atlantic sea scallop dredge >403 None documented
Mid-Atlantic blue crab dredge unknown None documented
Mid-Atlantic soft-shell clam dredge unknown None documented
Mid-Atlantic whelk dredge unknown None documented
U.S. Mid-Atlantic/Gulf of Mexico oyster dredge 7,000 None documented
New England and Mid-Atlantic offshore surf clam/quahog dredge unknown None documented
HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:    
Caribbean haul/beach seine 15 None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
Gulf of Mexico haul/beach seine unknown None documented
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic haul/beach seine 25 None documented
DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean shellfish dive, hand/mechanical collection 20,000 None documented
Gulf of Maine urchin dive, hand/mechanical collection unknown None documented
Gulf of Mexico, Southeast Atlantic, Mid-Atlantic, and Caribbean cast net unknown None documented
COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean commercial passenger fishing vessel 4,000 Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Choctawhatchee Bay
Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, FL Bay
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Jacksonville estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GA/Southern SC estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern migratory coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern migratory coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern SC/GA coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal

List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Table 2:


 


Table 3 - Commercial Fisheries on the High Seas

Fishery Description Estimated # of vessels/persons Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured
Category I
LONGLINE FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species * 86 Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Cuvier's beaked whale, WNA
False killer whale, WNA
Killer whale, GMX oceanic
Kogia spp. (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), WNA
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Mesoplodon beaked whale, WNA
Minke whale, Canadian East coast
Pantropical spotted dolphin, WNA
Risso's dolphin, GMX
Risso's dolphin, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
Western Pacific Pelagic (HI Deep-set component) * ^ 139 Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
False killer whale, HI Pelagic
Pygmy killer whale, HI
Risso's dolphin, HI
Short-finned pilot whale, HI
Sperm whale, HI
Striped dolphin, HI
DRIFT GILLNET FISHERIES:    
Pacific Highly Migratory Species ^ 5 Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA
Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Category II
DRIFT GILLNET FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species 0 Undetermined
TRAWL FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species ** 1 Undetermined
CCAMLR 0 Antarctic fur seal
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:    
South Pacific Tuna Fisheries 38 Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic 3 Undetermined
LONGLINE FISHERIES:    
CCAMLR 0 None documented
South Pacific Albacore Troll 10 Undetermined
South Pacific Tuna Fisheries ** 2 Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic (HI Shallow-set component) * ^ 20 Blainville's beaked whale, HI
Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
False killer whale, HI pelagic
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
Northern elephant seal, CA breeding Risso's dolphin, HI
Rough-toothed dolphin, HI
Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Short-finned pilot whale, HI
Striped dolphin, HI
HANDLINE/POLE AND LINE FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species 3 Undetermined
Pacific Highly Migratory Species 46 Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll 7 Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic 2 Undetermined
TROLL FISHERIES:    
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species 2 Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll 30 Undetermined
South Pacific Tuna Fisheries ** 4 Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic 17 Undetermined
Category III
LONGLINE FISHERIES:    
Northwest Atlantic Bottom Longline 1 None documented
Pacific Highly Migratory Species * + 114 None documented in the most recent 5 years of data
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES    
Pacific Highly Migratory Species * ^ 6 None documented
TRAWL FISHERIES:    
Northwest Atlantic 1 None documented
TROLL FISHERIES:    
Pacific Highly Migratory Species * 187 None documented

List of Terms, Abbreviations, and Symbols Used in Table 3:

Updated July 10, 2017