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AK Southeast Salmon Drift Gillnet Fishery

Current Classification on 2017 LOF

Category II
Estimated Number of Participants 474
Target Species Salmon
Applicable Take Reduction Plans N/A
Observer Coverage N/A  
Marine Mammal Species/Stocks Killed or Injured Dall’s porpoise, AK;
Harbor porpoise, Southeast AK;
Harbor seal, Southeast, AK;
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (1);
Pacific white-sided dolphin, central North Pacific;
Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S..

^ Number of participants estimates are based on state and federal fisheries permit data.  The estimated number of participants is expressed in terms of the number of active participants in the fishery, when possible.  If this information is not available, the estimated number of vessels or persons licensed for a particular fishery is provided.  If no recent information is available on the number of participants, then the number from the most recent LOF is used.  NMFS acknowledges that, in some cases, these estimations may be inflating actual effort.  

*Observer coverage levels include the latest information reported in the most current final Stock Assessment Report (SAR)

1 Indicates the stock or species is driving the classification of the fishery 

Note: Current classification based on final LOF, no proposed changes are reflected in this table.

Basis for Current Classification

The total annual mortality and serious injury of humpback whale (Central North Pacific stock) in this fishery is greater than 1% and less than 50% of the stock’s Potential Biological Removal (PBR) level.

Distribution

This fishery generally operates from June 18 to early October in five main fishing areas off Southeast AK, as well as at Annette Island, in terminal harvest areas (THA) adjacent to hatchery facilities, and for hatchery cost recovery.  The majority of salmon are caught by drift gillnets in the five main fishing areas (81% in 2003) and the THAs (13% in 2003), with small contributions from Annette Island (4% in 2003), and for hatchery cost recovery (1.8% in 2003). 

Gear Description

This fishery uses drift gillnet gear with soak times of 20 minutes to 3 hours.  The gear is set during the day and night, with 6-20 sets set per day.

Management

This fishery is managed by the AK Department of Fish and Game as a limited entry fishery with gear restrictions on the mesh and net size, and area closures.

 

Historical Information

Original Category (Year added to the LOF) II (1996)
Original Number of Participants 443
Basis for Original Classification This fishery was categorized as a Category II because observer and stranding data indicated that mortality and serious injury of harbor porpoise (Southeast AK) was 3 animals/year, or 1.3% of PBR (PBR=231); and serious injury and mortality of humpback whale (Central North Pacific) was 0.13 animals/year, or 4.6% PBR (PBR=2.8).  Also, Category III reports from fishermen indicated that mortalities of both species occurred prior to 1994.
Past Names Southeast Alaska salmon drift gillnet (until 2001)
Species/stocks historically documented as killed or injured (but not currently on the list) N/A

 

Timeline of Changes

2013
  • Estimated number of participants updated from 476 to 474.
2009
  • Estimated number of participants updated from 481 to 476.
2006
  • Added a superscript “1” in Table 1 after humpback whale (Central North Pacific), indicating that takes of this stock are driving the classification of the fishery.
2001
  • Renamed this fishery from “Southeast AK salmon drift gillnet” to "AK Southeast salmon drift gillnet.”
  • Estimated number of participants updated from 439 to 481.
1999
  • Estimated number of participants updated from 452 to 439.
1998
  • The stock of harbor porpoise on the list of species/stocks killed/injured in this fishery was changed from “AK” to “Southeast AK.”
  • Estimated number of participants updated from 443 to 452.


 

Updated January 14, 2017