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AK Yakutat Salmon Set Gillnet Fishery

Current Classification on 2017 LOF

Category II
Estimated Number of Participants 168
Target Species Salmon
Applicable Take Reduction Plans N/A
Observer Coverage N/A
Marine Mammal Species/Stocks Killed or Injured Gray Whale, Eastern North Pacific;
Harbor porpoise, Southeastern AK;
Harbor seal, Southeast AK;
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)

^ Number of participants estimates are based on state and federal fisheries permit data.  The estimated number of participants is expressed in terms of the number of active participants in the fishery, when possible.  If this information is not available, the estimated number of vessels or persons licensed for a particular fishery is provided.  If no recent information is available on the number of participants, then the number from the most recent LOF is used.  NMFS acknowledges that, in some cases, these estimations may be inflating actual effort.  

*Observer coverage levels include the latest information reported in the most current final Stock Assessment Report (SAR)

1 Indicates the stock or species is driving the classification of the fishery 

Note: Current classification based on final LOF, no proposed changes are reflected in this table.

Basis for Current Classification

Due to insufficient information on this particular fishery, it was classified as a Category II fishery based on analogy to other Category II AK set gillnet fisheries that use similar gear and operate in the same manner as this fishery.  

Distribution

This fishery generally operates from June 4 to the end of August.  The Yakutat salmon set gillnet fishery consists of multiple set gillnet fisheries occurring in two fishing districts, the Yakutat District and the Yakataga District.  As many as 25 different areas in the Yakutat and Yakataga Districts are open to commercial fishing each year.  The Yakutat District fisheries primarily target sockeye and Coho salmon, although all species of salmon are harvested.  The Yakataga District fisheries target Coho salmon.  With a few exceptions, set gillnetting is confined to the intertidal area inside the mouths of rivers and streams, and to the ocean waters immediately adjacent to each.     

Gear Description

This fishery uses set gillnet gear with continuous soak times during the opener[1], throughout during the day and night.  The catch is picked from the net every 2-4 hours each day or continuously during peak fishing times.    


[1] Salmon may only be fished commercially during periods known as openers established by the AK Department of Fish and Game (ADFG) in-season.  Openers may last days or weeks.  The ADFG posts weekly notices of fishing openers and announces the openers on regular radio channels.  Fishing periods are often extended by emergency order during the last 24 hours of the opener.

Management

This fishery is managed by the AK Department of Fish and Game (ADFG) as a limited entry fishery with gear restrictions on the mesh and net size, and area closures.  Due to the terminal nature of these fisheries, ADFG has developed salmon escapement goals for most of the major, and several of the minor, fisheries. 

 

Historical Information

Original Category (Year added to the LOF) II (1996)
Original Number of Participants 152
Basis for Original Classification This fishery was categorized as a Category II based on analogy with other gillnet fisheries because observer coverage was inadequate.  Logbook data showed the total known mortality and serious injury for harbor seals across all fisheries did not exceed 10% of the Potential Biological Removal (PBR) level, but low levels of observer coverage were inadequate and data suggests take levels may be exceed 10%.  The known mortality and serious injury of harbor seals (Southeast AK) in this fishery was 30 animals/year, or 1.5% of PBR (PBR=2,000).
Past Names N/A
Species/stocks historically documented as killed or injured (but not currently on the list) N/A

 

Timeline of Changes

2015
  • Estimated number of participants updated from 167 to 168.
2013
  • Added harbor porpoise (Southeastern AK) to the list of species/stocks incidentally killed/ injured in this fishery.  Estimated number of participants updated from 166 to 167.
2009
  • Estimated number of participants updated from 170 to 166.
2006
  • Humpback whale (Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)), added to list of species incidentally killed/injured to update the stocks associated with the newly delineated fisheries in 2004 (delineated into more discrete fisheries according to area, gear and target species to reflect fisheries as managed under the relevant Fishery Management Plans).
  • Added a superscript “2” in Table 1 after this fishery, indicating this fishery is classified by analogy.
2001
  • Estimated number of participants updated from 139 to 170.
1999
  • Gray whale (Eastern North Pacific) added to the list of species/stocks incidentally killed/ injured in this fishery based on recent reported interactions.
  • Estimated number of participants updated from 147 to 139.
1998
  • Estimated number of participants updated from 152 to 147.


 

Updated January 14, 2017