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Hawaii Throw Net, Cast Net

Current Classification on the 2017 LOF

Category III
Estimated Number of Participants 23
Target Species Inshore and reef fish
Applicable Take Reduction Plans None
Observer Coverage Not observed
Marine Mammal Species/Stocks Killed or Injured

Not Documented

Gear Type Throw Net

^ Number of participants estimates are based on state and federal fisheries permit data.  The estimated number of participants is expressed in terms of the number of active participants in the fishery, when possible.  If this information is not available, the estimated number of vessels or persons licensed for a particular fishery is provided.  If no recent information is available on the number of participants, then the number from the most recent LOF is used.  NMFS acknowledges that, in some cases, these estimations may be inflating actual effort.  

*Observer coverage levels include the latest information reported in the most current final Stock Assessment Report (SAR)

(1) Indicates the stock or species is driving the classification of the fishery 

Note: Current classification based on final LOF, no proposed changes are reflected in this table.

Basis for Current Classification: There are no known incidental mortalities or serious injuries of marine mammals in this fishery, and there is a remote likelihood of marine mammal interactions because the gear is actively fished (no soak) and the method is selective (targeting schools of fish).

Gear Description/Method for Fishing: Fishing from shore with a round or conical shaped net with a weighted outer perimeter that is thrown over fish.

Observer Covered: Not observed.

Management and Regulations: The fishery is managed by the Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources/Division of Aquatic Resources (DAR) and monitored by NMFS and the Western Pacific Fishery Management Council. In general, fisheries are managed for the species harvested rather than by gear, but in some cases there are specific management measures for particular gear types or methods

The Fishery Ecosystem Plan (FEP) for the Hawaii Archipelago and implementing regulations under 50 CFR 665.220 through 665.239 include a list of allowable gear and methods for harvesting Hawaii coral reef ecosystem management unit species (MUS) in the FEP management area (U.S. EEZ, outside of state waters). Use of gear or a method not listed as allowable requires a special permit pursuant to 50 CFR 665.224(1)(iii). Throw net is listed as an allowable gear to harvest Hawaii coral reef MUS in federal waters.

The Council recommends and NMFS approves annual catch limits (ACLs) for most coral reef MUS, so species harvested using throw or cast nets may be subject to ACLs.

A commercial marine license issued by DAR is required for all commercial fishing activities. This fishery corresponds to the following fishing method(s) defined by DAR: throw net. Hawaii Administrative Rules specify a minimum size of 2-inch stretched mesh, and possession of throw nets with a mesh size less than 2 inches in or near the water where fish may be taken is unlawful. Nets with smaller mesh may be used to take shrimp (‘opae), ‘opelu, and makiawa.

Historical Information

Original Category (Year added to the LOF) III (1996)
Original Number of Participants 47
Basis for Original Classification

Listed as Category III because the fishery was expected to have a remote likelihood of incidental serious injury or mortality of marine mammals. No observer, logbook, or stranding data were available. 

Past Names None
Species/stocks historically documented as killed or injured (but not currently on the list) N/A


Timeline of Changes

  • Estimated number of participants increased from 47 to 14
  • Estimated number of participants decreased from 14 to 28
  • Estimated number of participants increased from 28 to 22
  • Estimated number of participants increased from 22 to 29

  • Estimated number of participants decreased from 29 to 20
  • Estimated number of participants increased from 20 to 23

Updated June 19, 2017