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Hawaii Shortline Fishery

Current Classification on 2017 LOF

Category II
Estimated Number of Participants 9
Target Species Bigeye tuna or the lustrous pomfret
Applicable Take Reduction Plans None
Observer Coverage There is no reporting system in place. However, there are anecdotal reports of interactions off the north side of Maui, but the species and extent of interactions are unknown.
Marine Mammal Species/Stocks Killed or Injured None documented

^ Number of participants estimates are based on state and federal fisheries permit data.  The estimated number of participants is expressed in terms of the number of active participants in the fishery, when possible.  If this information is not available, the estimated number of vessels or persons licensed for a particular fishery is provided.  If no recent information is available on the number of participants, then the number from the most recent LOF is used.  NMFS acknowledges that, in some cases, these estimations may be inflating actual effort.  

*Observer coverage levels include the latest information reported in the most current final Stock Assessment Report (SAR)

1 Indicates the stock or species is driving the classification of the fishery 

Note: Current classification based on final LOF, no proposed changes are reflected in this table.

Basis for Current Classification

Based on analogy with the Category II HI shallow-set longline and Category I HI deep-set longline fisheries.  The fishing gear, methods, areas fished, and target species are similar.  


This fishery operates only within the Hawaiian Islands EEZ.  The fishery was developed to target these fish species when they concentrate over the summit of Cross Seamount (290 km (180 mi) south of the State of Hawaii. 

Gear Description

The gear style is designed specifically to target the aggregating fish species over seamount structures. The primary gear type used is a horizontal main line (monofilament) less than 1 nmi long, and includes two baskets of approximately 50 hooks each. The gear is set before dawn and has a short soak time, with the gear retrieved about two hours after it is set. This fishery has no seasonal component and may operate year-round.  Participation in this fishery expanded from 5 to 11 vessels from 2003–2008, with an average of 135,757 lbs of fish landed each year.  In 2008, 104,152 lbs of fish were landed.


There are no specific fishing permits issued for this fishery.  However, all persons with a State of Hawaii Commercial Marine License (CML) may participate in any fishery, including this fishery.  


Historical Information

Original Category (Year added to the LOF) II (2010)
Original Number of Participants 11
Basis for Original Classification This fishery was added to the LOF as a Category II based on the fishing gear, methods, areas fished, and targets species, which are similar to the Category II “HI shallow-set (swordfish target) longline” fishery and the Category I “HI deep-set (tuna target) longline” fishery.  Also, NMFS received anecdotal reports of interactions with marine mammals and this fishery.
Past Names N/A
Species/stocks historically documented as killed or injured (but not currently on the list) N/A


Timeline of Changes

  • Estimated number of vessels/persons updated from 6 to 9.
  • Estimated number of vessels/persons updated from 11 to 6.


Updated February 27, 2017