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Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean shellfish dive, hand/mechanical collection

Current Classification on the 2017 LOF

Category III
Estimated Number of Participants 20,000
Target Species Scallop,
crab and
Applicable Take Reduction Plans N/A
Observer Coverage N/A
Marine Mammal Species/Stocks Killed or Injured None documented

^ Number of participants estimates are based on state and federal fisheries permit data.  The estimated number of participants is expressed in terms of the number of active participants in the fishery, when possible.  If this information is not available, the estimated number of vessels or persons licensed for a particular fishery is provided.  If no recent information is available on the number of participants, then the number from the most recent LOF is used.  NMFS acknowledges that, in some cases, these estimations may be inflating actual effort.  

*Observer coverage levels include the latest information reported in the most current final Stock Assessment Report (SAR)

1Indicates the stock or species is driving the classification of the fishery 

Note: Current classification based on final LOF, no proposed changes are reflected in this table.

Basis for Current Classification

There are no documented cases of marine mammal interactions.



Gear Description

“By either free diving or using SCUBA, divers collect... in shallow water. Most often a support vessel transports the diver(s) to the fishing site and carries the landings to port. In deeper waters, helmet diving systems are used and the diver is tethered to the vessel with air pumped from the surface... Divers normally use small rakes or hoes to scrape creatures off rocks or dig them out of the seabed. Generally, the catch is placed in bags that are either towed to the surface by the boat or floated to the surface using an air source
and a lift bag. Divers rarely work deeper than about 20 meters (66 feet)”


Chesapeake Bay Program Blue Crab Fishery Management Plan Oyster Fishery FMP7  NEFSC, MAFMC, & SAFMC:  Interstate FMP for Atlantic Sea Scallops (1982, original; 2006, Framework Adjustment 18)


Historical Information

Original Category (Year added to the LOF) III (1989)
Original Number of Participants 20,000
Basis for Original Classification There are no documented cases of marine mammal interactions.
Past Names N/A
Species/stocks historically documented as killed or injured (but not currently on the list) N/A

Updated December 14, 2016