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Atlantic shellfish bottom trawl

Current Classification on the 2017 LOF

Category III
Estimated Number of Participants >58
Target Species Various shellfish species
Includes but is not limited to Calico scallop, Northern shrimp, Atlantic sea scallop, crab, whelk, and American lobster.
Applicable Take Reduction Plans N/A
Observer Coverage Observer coverage is mandated by the Magnuson Stevens Fishery Conservation & Management Act.  Since this is a Category III fishery, observer coverage under the Marine Mammal Protection Act is not required.
Marine Mammal Species/Stocks Killed or Injured None documented

^ Number of participants estimates are based on state and federal fisheries permit data.  The estimated number of participants is expressed in terms of the number of active participants in the fishery, when possible.  If this information is not available, the estimated number of vessels or persons licensed for a particular fishery is provided.  If no recent information is available on the number of participants, then the number from the most recent LOF is used.  NMFS acknowledges that, in some cases, these estimations may be inflating actual effort.  

*Observer coverage levels include the latest information reported in the most current final Stock Assessment Report (SAR)

1Indicates the stock or species is driving the classification of the fishery 

Note: Current classification based on final LOF, no proposed changes are reflected in this table.

Basis for Current Classification

No documented cases of marine mammal interactions


Extends from Maine through Florida 

Gear Description

Type of otter trawl similar to flatfish trawl designed to catch various shellfish.


Managed through Federal and interstate fishery management plans (FMPs).


Historical Information

Original Category (Year added to the LOF) III (2005)
Original Number of Participants 972
Basis for Original Classification This fishery was added to encompass the calico scallops trawl, crab
trawl, Georgia/South Carolina/Maryland whelk trawl, Gulf of Maine/MidĀ­Atlantic sea scallops trawl, and Gulf of
Maine northern shrimp trawl.  It is considered a Category III fishery because these fisheries have no documented
interactions with marine mammals.
Past Names N/A
Species/stocks historically documented as killed or injured (but not currently on the list) N/A


Timeline of Changes

  • Estimated number of vessels/persons operating changed to >58
  • Estimated number of vessels/persons operating changed to >86
  • Estimated number of vessels/persons operating changed to >67


Updated December 14, 2016