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Gulf of Maine menhaden purse seine

Current Classification on the 2017 LOF

Category III
Estimated Number of Participants >2
Target Species menhaden
Applicable Take Reduction Plans None
Observer Coverage Observer coverage is mandated by the Magnuson­Stevens Fishery Conservation & Management Act.
Marine Mammal Species/Stocks Killed or Injured None documented

^ Number of participants estimates are based on state and federal fisheries permit data.  The estimated number of participants is expressed in terms of the number of active participants in the fishery, when possible.  If this information is not available, the estimated number of vessels or persons licensed for a particular fishery is provided.  If no recent information is available on the number of participants, then the number from the most recent LOF is used.  NMFS acknowledges that, in some cases, these estimations may be inflating actual effort.  

*Observer coverage levels include the latest information reported in the most current final Stock Assessment Report (SAR)

1Indicates the stock or species is driving the classification of the fishery 

Note: Current classification based on final LOF, no proposed changes are reflected in this table.

Basis for Current Classification

There have been no documented cases of marine mammals injured/killed


Gulf of Maine.

Gear Description

This fishery uses purse seine gear.  A purse seine [is] a floated and weighted encircling net that is closed by means of a drawstring threaded through rings attached to the bottom of the net.”1 “Purse seines vary in size according to the size of the vessel and the depth to be fished”.


This fishery is managed under ASFMC through an interstate fisheries management plan (FMP).


Historical Information

Original Category (Year added to the LOF) III (1996)
Original Number of Participants 10
Basis for Original Classification Fishery was grouped with Mid­Atlantic menhaden purse seine
fishery in proposed LOF.  Divided for final list because incidental take of bottlenose dolphins in this portion are
unlikely (<1% PBR for all stocks).  May interact with harbor seals, minke whales, and humpback whales, but NMFS
believes these interactions would not represent a mortality or serious injury rate at >1% of PBR
Past Names N/A
Species/stocks historically documented as killed or injured (but not currently on the list) N/A


Timeline of Changes

  • Estimated number of vessels/persons changed to >2
  • Estimated number of vessels/persons changed to 50


Updated December 14, 2016