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North Carolina Roe Mullet Stop Net

Current Classification on the 2017 LOF

Category II
Estimated Number of Participants 1
Target Species Striped mullet
Applicable Take Reduction Plans Bottlenose Dolphin Take Reduction Plan
Observer Coverage There has not been Federal observer coverage in this fishery; however, the NMFS Beaufort laboratory observed this fishery in 2001-2002.
Marine Mammal Species/Stocks Killed or Injured Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system;
Bottlenose dolphin, unknown (Southern migratory coastal or Southern NC estuarine system)

^ Number of participants estimates are based on state and federal fisheries permit data.  The estimated number of participants is expressed in terms of the number of active participants in the fishery, when possible.  If this information is not available, the estimated number of vessels or persons licensed for a particular fishery is provided.  If no recent information is available on the number of participants, then the number from the most recent LOF is used.  NMFS acknowledges that, in some cases, these estimations may be inflating actual effort.  

*Observer coverage levels include the latest information reported in the most current final Stock Assessment Report (SAR)

1Indicates the stock or species is driving the classification of the fishery 

Note: Current classification based on final LOF, no proposed changes are reflected in this table.

Basis for Current Classification

The 2010 LOF included a superscript “1” following bottlenose dolphin (WNA coastal stock) because the annual mortality and serious injury of that stock in this fishery was greater than 1% and less than 50% of the stock’s Potential Biological Removal (PBR) level. When the stocks of bottlenose dolphins killed/injured in this fishery were updated on the 2011 LOF, the superscript “1” was retained after the new stocks because NMFS cannot yet differentiate to which stock a killed/injured animal belongs. In this case, there is only one stock the killed/injured animals could have come from.


Effort occurs from October-November and is unique to Bogue Banks, North Carolina.

Gear Description

This fishery uses a stop net and a beach seine. The stop net is a stationary, multi-filament net set in an “L” shape that is anchored to the beach and extended out perpendicular to the beach. The stop net herds schools of fish, while the beach haul seine is used to capture fish and bring them ashore. The beach seine is constructed of multi-filament and monofilament panels with stretched mesh ranging from 3-4 inches stretched. The stop net is traditionally left in the water for 1-5 days, but can be left as long as 15 days.


This fishery is managed under the North Carolina Striped Mullet Fishery Management Plan, North Carolina Department of Marine Fisheries, and is an affected fishery under the BDTRP.


Historical Information

Original Category (Year added to the LOF) II (1996)
Original Number of Participants 13
Basis for Original Classification This fishery was categorized as a Category II based on stranding information and visual observations. Estimated mortality and serious injury of bottlenose dolphins was 3 animals/year (based on entanglement of stranded animals and evidence of mortality due to stop nets), which was 12% of PBR (PBR=25).
Past Names N/A
Species/stocks historically documented as killed or injured (but not currently on the list) N/A


Timeline of Changes

  • Estimated number of participants updated from 13 to 1.
  • Updated the stock name for bottlenose dolphins killed/injured in this fishery, based on the revised stock structure presented in the final 2008 and 2009 SARs. Replaced bottlenose dolphin (WNA coastal) with the following stock: bottlenose dolphin (Southern NC estuarine system). Retained a superscript “1” after this stock because the 2010 LOF includes a superscript “1” following bottlenose dolphin (WNA coastal).
  • Added a superscript “1” in Table 2 after bottlenose dolphin (WNA), indicating that this stock is driving the categorization of this fishery.


Updated December 14, 2016