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2003 List of Fisheries (LOF)

« List of Fisheries Overview

Table 1 - Commercial Fisheries in the Pacific Ocean

Fishery Description Estimated # of vessels/ persons Marine mammal species/stocks incidentally killed/injured

Category I

GILLNET FISHERIES:

CA angel shark/halibut and other species set gillnet (>3.5 in. mesh)

58

Harbor porpoise, central CA

Common dolphin, short-beaked, CA/OR/WA

Common dolphin, long-beaked CA

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, CA

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

Sea otter, CA

Category II

GILLNET FISHERIES:

AK Bristol Bay salmon drift gillnet

1,903

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Harbor seal, Bering Sea

Beluga whale, Bristol Bay

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Spotted seal, AK

Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific

AK Bristol Bay salmon set gillnet

1,014

Harbor seal, Bering Sea

Beluga whale, Bristol Bay

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Spotted seal, AK

AK Cook Inlet salmon drift gillnet

576

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

Harbor seal, GOA

Harbor porpoise, GOA

Dall's porpoise, AK

Beluga whale, Cook Inlet

AK Kodiak salmon set gillnet

188

Harbor seal, GOA

Harbor porpoise, GOA

Sea otter, AK

AK Metlakatla/Annette Island salmon drift gillnet

60

None documented

AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon drift gillnet

164

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Harbor seal, GOA

Harbor porpoise, GOA

Dall's porpoise, AK

AK Peninsula/ Aleutian Islands salmon set gillnet

116

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea

AK Prince William Sound salmon drift gillnet

541

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Harbor seal, GOA

Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific

Harbor porpoise, GOA

Dall's porpoise, AK

Sea Otter, AK

AK Southeast salmon drift gillnet

481

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

Harbor seal, Southeast AK

Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific

Harbor porpoise, Southeast AK

Dall's porpoise, AK

Humpback whale, central North Pacific

AK Yakutat salmon set gillnet

170

Harbor seal, Southeast AK

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

CA/OR thresher shark/swordfish drift gillnet (= 14 in. mesh)

113

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

Sperm whale, CA/OR/WA

Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA

Fin whale, CA/OR/WA

Gray whale, eastern North Pacific

Northern Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA Southern Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Bottlenose dolphin, CA/OR/WA offshore

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Short-finned pilot whale, CA/OR/WA

Baird's beaked whale, CA/OR/WA

Mesoplodont beaked whale, CA/OR/WA

Cuvier's beaked whale, CA/OR/WA

Pygmy sperm whale, CA/OR/WA

California sea lion, U.S.

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA-Mexico

Minke whale, CA/OR/WA

Striped dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Killer whale, CA/OR/WA Pacific coast

Northern fur seal, San Miguel Island

CA yellowtail, barracuda, white seabass, and tuna drift gillnet fishery (mesh size > 3.5 inches and < 14 inches)

24

None documented

WA Puget Sound Region salmon drift gillnet (includes all inland waters south of US-Canada border and eastward of the Bonilla-Tatoosh line--Treaty Indian fishing is excluded)

225

Harbor porpoise, inland WA

Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA

Harbor seal, WA inland

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

AK Southeast salmon purse seine

416

Humpback whale, central North Pacific

CA anchovy, mackerel, tuna purse seine

150

Bottlenose dolphin, CA/OR/WA offshore

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, CA

CA squid purse seine

65

Short-finned pilot whale, CA/OR/WA

TRAWL FISHERIES:

AK miscellaneous finfish pair trawl

2

None documented

LONGLINE FISHERIES:

CA pelagic longline

30

California sea lion

OR swordfish floating longline

2

None documented

OR blue shark floating longline

1

None documented

Category III

GILLNET FISHERIES:

AK Cook Inlet salmon set gillnet

745

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

Harbor seal, GOA

Harbor porpoise, GOA

Dall's porpoise, AK

Beluga whale, Cook Inlet

AK Kuskokwim, Yukon, Norton Sound, Kotzebue salmon gillnet

1,922

Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea

AK miscellaneous finfish set gillnet

3

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Prince William Sound salmon set gillnet

30

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

Harbor seal, GOA

AK roe herring and food/bait herring gillnet

2,034

None documented

CA set and drift gillnet fisheries that use a stretched mesh size of 3.5 in or less

341

None documented

Hawaii gillnet

115

Bottlenose dolphin, HI

Spinner dolphin, HI

WA Grays Harbor salmon drift gillnet (excluding treaty Tribal fishing)

24

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

WA, OR herring, smelt, shad, sturgeon, bottom fish, mullet, perch, rockfish gillnet

913

None documented

WA, OR lower Columbia River (includes tributaries) drift gillnet

110

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

WA Willapa Bay drift gillnet

82

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

PURSE SEINE, BEACH SEINE, ROUND HAUL AND THROW NET FISHERIES:

AK Metlakatla salmon purse seine

10

None documented

AK miscellaneous finfish beach seine

1

None documented

AK miscellaneous finfish purse seine

3

None documented

AK octopus/squid purse seine

2

None documented

AK roe herring and food/bait herring beach seine

8

None documented

AK roe herring and food/bait herring purse seine

624

None documented

AK salmon beach seine

34

None documented

AK salmon purse seine (except Southeast Alaska, which is in Category II)

953

Harbor seal, GOA

CA herring purse seine

100

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, CA

CA sardine purse seine

120

None documented

HI opelu/akule net

16

None documented

HI purse seine

18

None documented

HI throw net, cast net

47

None documented

WA (all species) beach seine or drag seine

235

None documented

WA, OR herring, smelt, squid purse seine or lampara

130

None documented

WA salmon purse seine

440

None documented

WA salmon reef net

53

None documented

DIP NET FISHERIES:

CA squid dip net

115

None documented

WA, OR smelt, herring dip net

119

None documented

MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:

CA salmon enhancement rearing pen

>1

None documented

OR salmon ranch

1

None documented

WA, OR salmon net pens

14

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, WA inland waters

TROLL FISHERIES:

AK North Pacific halibut, AK bottom fish, WA, OR, CA albacore, groundfish, bottom fish, CA halibut non-salmonid troll fisheries

1,530

(330 AK)

None documented

AK salmon troll

2,335

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

American Samoa tuna troll

<50

None documented

CA/OR/WA salmon troll

4,300

None documented

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands tuna troll

50

None documented

Guam tuna troll

50

None documented

HI net unclassified

106

None documented

HI trolling, rod and reel

1,795

None documented

LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands groundfish longline/set line (federally regulated waters, including miscellaneous finfish and sablefish)

148

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

Killer whale, Eastern North Pacific resident

Killer whale, transient

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific

Dall's porpoise, AK

Harbor seal, Bering Sea

AK Gulf of Alaska groundfish longline/set line (federally regulated waters, including miscellaneous finfish and sablefish)

1,030

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

Harbor seal, Southeast AK

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

AK halibut longline/set line (State and Federal waters)

3,079

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK octopus/squid longline

7

None documented

AK state-managed waters groundfish longline/setline (including sablefish, rockfish, and miscellaneous finfish)

731

None documented

HI swordfish, tuna, billfish, mahi mahi, wahoo, oceanic sharks longline/set line

140

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific

False killer whales, HI

Risso's dolphin, HI

Bottlenose dolphin, HI

Spinner dolphin, HI

Short-finned pilot whale, HI

Sperm whale, HI

WA, OR, CA groundfish, bottomfish longline/set line

367

None documented

WA, OR North Pacific halibut longline/set line

350

None documented

TRAWL FISHERIES:

AK Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Groundfish Trawl

157

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Killer whale, Eastern North Pacific resident

Killer whale, Eastern North Pacific transient

Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific

Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea

Harbor seal, Bering Sea

Harbor seal, Gulf of Alaska

Bearded seal, AK

Ringed seal, AK

Spotted seal, AK

Dall's porpoise, AK

Ribbon seal, AK

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

Sea otter, AK

Pacific walrus, AK

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific

Humpback whale, Western North Pacific

Fin whale, Northeast Pacific

AK food/bait herring trawl

3

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska groundfish trawl

145

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Harbor seal, GOA

Dall's porpoise, AK

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

Fin whale, Northeast Pacific

AK miscellaneous finfish otter or beam trawl

6

None documented

AK shrimp otter trawl and beam trawl (statewide and Cook Inlet)

58

None documented

AK state-managed waters of Cook Inlet, Kachemak Bay, Prince William Sound, Southeast AK groundfish trawl

2

None documented

WA, OR, CA groundfish trawl

585

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Pacific white-sided dolphin, central North Pacific

Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

WA, OR, CA shrimp trawl

300

None documented

POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:

AK Bering Sea, Gulf of Alaska finfish pot

314

Harbor seal, GOA

Harbor seal, Bering Sea

Sea otter, AK

AK crustacean pot

1,852

Harbor porpoise, Southeast AK

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific

AK octopus/squid pot

72

None documented

AK snail pot

2

None documented

CA lobster, prawn, shrimp, rock crab, fish pot

608

Sea otter, CA

OR, CA hagfish pot or trap

25

None documented

WA, OR, CA crab pot

1,478

None documented

WA, OR, CA sablefish pot

176

None documented

WA, OR shrimp pot & trap

254

None documented

HI crab trap

22

None documented

HI fish trap

19

None documented

HI lobster trap

15

Hawaiian monk seal

HI shrimp trap

5

None documented

HANDLINE AND JIG FISHERIES:

AK miscellaneous finfish handline and mechanical jig

100

None documented

AK North Pacific halibut handline and mechanical jig

93

None documented

AK octopus/squid handline

2

None documented

American Samoa bottomfish

<50

None documented

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands bottomfish

<50

None documented

Guam bottomfish

<50

None documented

HI aku boat, pole and line

54

None documented

HI deep sea bottomfish

434

Hawaiian monk seal

HI inshore handline

650

Bottlenose dolphin, HI

HI tuna

144

Rough-toothed dolphin, HI

Bottlenose dolphin, HI

Hawaiian monk seal

WA groundfish, bottomfish jig

679

None documented

HARPOON FISHERIES:

CA swordfish harpoon

228

None documented

POUND NET/WEIR FISHERIES:

AK herring spawn on kelp pound net

452

None documented

AK Southeast herring roe/food/bait pound net

3

None documented

WA herring brush weir

1

None documented

BAIT PENS:

WA/OR/CA bait pens

13

None documented

DREDGE FISHERIES:

Coastwide scallop dredge

108

(12 AK)

None documented

DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:

AK abalone

1

None documented

AK clam

156

None documented

WA herring spawn on kelp

4

None documented

AK dungeness crab

3

None documented

AK herring spawn on kelp

363

None documented

AK urchin and other fish/shellfish

471

None documented

CA abalone

111

None documented

CA sea urchin

583

None documented

HI coral diving

2

None documented

HI fish pond

10

None documented

HI handpick

135

None documented

HI lobster diving

6

None documented

HI squiding, spear

267

None documented

WA, CA kelp

4

None documented

WA/OR sea urchin, other clam, octopus, oyster, sea cucumber, scallop, ghost shrimp hand, dive, or mechanical collection

637

None documented

WA shellfish aquaculture

684

None documented

COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:

AK, WA, OR, CA commercial passenger fishing vessel

>7,000

(1,107 AK)

None documented

HI "other"

114

None documented

LIVE FINFISH/SHELLFISH FISHERIES:

CA finfish and shellfish live trap/hook-and-line

93

None documented

List of Abbreviations Used in Table 1: AK - Alaska ; CA - California ; GOA - Gulf of Alaska; HI - Hawaii ; OR - Oregon ; WA - Washington

Table 2 - Commercial Fisheries in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean

Fishery Description Estimated # of vessels/ persons Marine mammal species/stocks incidentally killed/injured

Category I

GILLNET FISHERIES:

Mid-Atlantic coastal gillnet

>655

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine

Minke whale, Canadian east coast

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF

Harbor seal, WNA

Harp seal, WNA

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA

White-sided dolphin, WNA

Common dolphin, WNA

Northeast sink gillnet

341

North Atlantic right whale, WNA

Humpback whale, WNA

Minke whale, Canadian east coast

Killer whale, WNA

White-sided dolphin, WNA

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF

Harbor seal, WNA

Gray seal, WNA

Common dolphin, WNA

Fin whale, WNA

Spotted dolphin, WNA

False killer whale, WNA

Harp seal, WNA

LONGLINE FISHERIES:

Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico large pelagics longline

<200

Humpback whale, WNA

Minke whale, Canadian east coast

Risso's dolphin, WNA

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA

Common dolphin, WNA

Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA

Pantropical spotted dolphin, WNA

Striped dolphin, WNA

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX Outer Continental Shelf

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX Continental Shelf Edge and Slope

Atlantic spotted dolphin, Northern GMX

Pantropical spotted dolphin, Northern GMX

Risso's dolphin, Northern GMX

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF

Pygmy sperm whale, WNA

TRAP/POT FISHERIES:

Northeast/Mid-Atlantic American lobster trap/pot

13,000

North Atlantic right whale, WNA

Humpback whale, WNA

Fin whale, WNA

Minke whale, Canadian east coast

Harbor seal, WNA

TRAWL FISHERIES:

Atlantic squid, mackerel, butterfish trawl

620

Common dolphin, WNA

Risso's dolphin, WNA

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA

White-sided dolphin, WNA

Category II

GILLNET FISHERIES:

Gulf of Mexico gillnet

724

Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX Bay, Sound, and Estuarine

North Carolina inshore gillnet

94

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

Northeast anchored float gillnet

133

Humpback whale, WNA

White-sided dolphin, WNA

Harbor seal, WNA

Northeast drift gillnet

unknown

None documented

Southeast Atlantic gillnet

779

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic shark gillnet

6

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

North Atlantic right whale, WNA

Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA

TRAWL FISHERIES:

Atlantic herring midwater trawl (including pair trawl)

17

Harbor seal, WNA

TRAP/POT FISHERIES:

Atlantic blue crab trap/pot

>16,000

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

West Indian manatee, FL

Atlantic mixed species trap/pot

unknown

Fin whale, WNA

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine

Minke whale, Canadian east coast

Harbor porpoise, GM/BF

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

Gulf of Mexico menhaden purse seine

50

Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal

HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:

Mid-Atlantic haul/beach seine

25

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF

North Carolina long haul seine

33

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

STOP NET FISHERIES:

North Carolina roe mullet stop net

13

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

POUND NET FISHERIES:

Virginia pound net

187

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

Category III

GILLNET FISHERIES:

Caribbean gillnet

>991

Dwarf sperm whale, WNA

West Indian manatee, Antillean

Chesapeake Bay inshore gillnet

45

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF

Delaware Bay inshore gillnet

60

Humpback whale, WNA

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF

Long Island Sound inshore gillnet

20

Humpback whale, WNA

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF

Rhode Island, southern Massachusetts (to Monomoy Island), and New York Bight (Raritan and Lower New York Bays) inshore gillnet

32

Humpback whale, WNA

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF

TRAWL FISHERIES:

Calico scallops trawl

12

None documented

Crab trawl

400

None documented

Georgia, South Carolina, Maryland whelk trawl

25

None documented

Gulf of Maine, Mid-Atlantic sea scallop trawl

215

None documented

Gulf of Maine northern shrimp trawl

320

None documented

Gulf of Mexico butterfish trawl

2

Atlantic spotted dolphin, Eastern GMX

Pantropical spotted dolphin, Eastern GMX

Gulf of Mexico mixed species trawl

20

None documented

Mid-Atlantic mixed species trawl

>1,000

None documented

North Atlantic bottom trawl

1,052

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA

Common dolphin, WNA

White-sided dolphin, WNA

Striped dolphin, WNA

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shrimp trawl

>18,000

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

U.S. Atlantic monkfish trawl

unknown

Common dolphin, WNA

MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:

Finfish aquaculture

48

Harbor seal, WNA

Shellfish aquaculture

unknown

None documented

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

Gulf of Maine Atlantic herring purse seine

30

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF

Harbor seal, WNA

Gray seal, WNA

Gulf of Maine menhaden purse seine

50

None documented

Florida west coast sardine purse seine

10

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Mid-Atlantic menhaden purse seine

22

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

Humpback whale, WNA

U.S. Atlantic tuna purse seine

5

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic hand seine

>250

None documented

LONGLINE/HOOK-AND-LINE FISHERIES:

Gulf of Maine tub trawl groundfish bottom longline/ hook-and-line

46

Harbor seal, WNA

Gray seal, Northwest North Atlantic

Humpback whale, WNA

Gulf of Maine, U.S. Mid-Atlantic tuna, shark swordfish hook-and-line/harpoon

26,223

Humpback whale, WNA

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean snapper-grouper and other reef fish bottom longline/hook-and-line

>5,000

None documented

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shark bottom longline/hook-and-line

<125

None documented

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean pelagic hook-and-line/harpoon

1,446

None documented

TRAP/POT FISHERIES

Caribbean mixed species trap/pot

>501

None documented

Caribbean spiny lobster trap/pot

>197

None documented

Florida spiny lobster trap/pot

2,145

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Gulf of Mexico blue crab trap/pot

4,113

Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX Bay, Sound, & Estuarine

West Indian manatee, FL

Gulf of Mexico mixed species trap/pot

unknown

None documented

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico golden crab trap/pot

10

None documented

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico stone crab trap/pot

4,453

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic eel trap/pot

>700

None documented

STOP SEINE/WEIR/POUND NET FISHERIES:

Gulf of Maine herring and Atlantic mackerel stop seine/weir

50

North Atlantic right whale, WNA

Humpback whale, WNA

Minke whale, Canadian east coast

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF

Harbor seal, WNA

Gray seal, Northwest North Atlantic

U.S. Mid-Atlantic crab stop seine/weir

2,600

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic mixed species stop seine/weir/pound net (except the North Carolina roe mullet stop net)

751

None documented

DREDGE FISHERIES:

Gulf of Maine mussel

>50

None documented

Gulf of Maine, U.S. Mid-Atlantic sea scallop dredge

233

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic/Gulf of Mexico oyster

7,000

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic offshore surf clam and quahog dredge

100

None documented

HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:

Caribbean haul/beach seine

15

West Indian manatee, Antillean

Gulf of Mexico haul/beach seine

unknown

None documented

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, haul/beach seine

25

None documented

DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:

Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean shellfish dive, hand/mechanical collection

20,000

None documented

Gulf of Maine urchin dive, hand/mechanical collection

>50

None documented

Gulf of Mexico, Southeast Atlantic, Mid-Atlantic, and Caribbean cast net

unknown

None documented

COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:

Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean commercial passenger fishing vessel

4,000

None documented

List of Abbreviations Used in Table 2: FL - Florida; GA - Georgia; GME/BF - Gulf of Maine/Bay of Fundy; GMX - Gulf of Mexico; NC - North Carolina; SC - South Carolina; TX - Texas; WNA - Western North Atlantic

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