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2009 List of Fisheries (LOF)

« List of Fisheries Overview

Table 1 - Commercial Fisheries in the Pacific Ocean

Fishery Description Estimated # of vessels/ persons Marine mammal species/stocks incidentally killed/injured
Category I
GILLNET FISHERIES:
CA/OR thresher shark/swordfish drift gillnet (≥14 in mesh) * 85 California sea lion, U.S.

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Short-finned pilot whale, CA/OR/WA 1
LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:
HI deep-set (tuna target) longline/set line * 129 Blainville's beaked whale, HI

Bottlenose dolphin, HI

False killer whale, HI 1

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific

Risso's dolphin, HI

Short-finned pilot whale, HI

Spinner dolphin, HI

Striped dolphin, HI
Category II
GILLNET FISHERIES:
CA halibut/white seabass and other species set gillnet (>3.5 in mesh) 58 California sea lion, U.S. 1

Harbor seal, CA 1

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

Sea otter, CA

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
AK Bristol Bay salmon drift gillnet 2 1,862 Beluga whale, Bristol Bay

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Harbor seal, Bering Sea

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific

Spotted seal, AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Bristol Bay salmon set gillnet 2 983 Beluga whale, Bristol Bay

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Harbor seal, Bering Sea

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Spotted seal, AK
AK Cook Inlet salmon set gillnet 738 Beluga whale, Cook Inlet

Dall's porpoise, AK

Harbor porpoise, GOA

Harbor seal, GOA

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific 1

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Cook Inlet salmon drift gillnet 571 Beluga whale, Cook Inlet

Dall's porpoise, AK

Harbor porpoise, GOA 1

Harbor seal, GOA

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Kodiak salmon set gillnet 188 Harbor porpoise, GOA 1

Harbor seal, GOA

Sea otter, Southwest AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon drift gillnet 2 162 Dall's porpoise, AK

Harbor porpoise, GOA

Harbor seal, GOA

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon set gillnet 2 115 Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Prince William Sound salmon drift gillnet 537 Dall's porpoise, AK

Harbor porpoise, GOA 1

Harbor seal, GOA

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific

Sea Otter, South Central AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S. 1
AK Southeast salmon drift gillnet 476 Dall's porpoise, AK

Harbor porpoise, Southeast AK

Harbor seal, Southeast AK

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific 1

Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
AK Yakutat salmon set gillnet 2 166 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Harbor seal, Southeast AK

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)
CA yellowtail, barracuda, and white seabass drift gillnet fishery (mesh size ≥3.5 in and <14 in) 24 California sea lion, U.S.

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA 1

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
WA Puget Sound Region salmon drift gillnet (includes all inland waters south of US-Canada border and eastward of the Bonilla-Tatoosh line-Treaty Indian fishing is excluded) 210 Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA

Harbor porpoise, inland WA 1

Harbor seal, WA inland
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:
AK Southeast salmon purse seine 415 Humpback whale, Central North Pacific 1
AK Cook Inlet salmon purse seine 82 Humpback whale, Central North Pacific 1
AK Kodiak salmon purse seine 370 Humpback whale, Central North Pacific 1
CA anchovy, mackerel, sardine purse seine 63 Bottlenose dolphin, CA/OR/WA offshore 1

California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, CA
CA squid purse seine 64 Long-beaked common dolphin, CA Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Short-finned pilot whale, CA/OR/WA 1
CA tuna purse seine 2 * 10 None documented
TRAWL FISHERIES:
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands flatfish trawl 34 Bearded seal, AK

Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea

Harbor seal, Bering Sea

Killer whale, AK resident 1

Northern fur seal, Eastern North Pacific

Spotted seal, AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S. 1

Walrus, AK
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands pollock trawl 95 Dall's porpoise, AK

Harbor seal, AK

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific 1

Humpback whale, Western North Pacific 1

Killer whale, Eastern North Pacific, GOA, Aleutian Islands, and Bering Sea transient 1

Minke whale, AK

Ribbon seal, AK

Spotted seal, AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S. 1
LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:
HI shallow-set (swordfish target) longline/ set line * 28 Bottlenose dolphin, stock unknown

Bryde's whale, stock unknown

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific 1

Pantropical spotted dolphin, stock unknown Risso's dolphin, stock unknown Sperm whale, stock unknown
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod longline 54 Killer whale, AK resident 1

Ribbon seal, AK

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
CA pelagic longline 2 * 6 California sea lion, U.S.

Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA
POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:
AK Bering Sea sablefish pot 6 Humpback whale, Central North Pacific 1

Humpback whale, Western North Pacific 1
CA spot prawn pot 29 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA 1
CA Dungeness crab pot 2 625 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA
OR Dungeness crab pot 433 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA 1
WA/OR/CA sablefish pot 155 Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA 1
Category III
GILLNET FISHERIES:
AK Kuskokwim, Yukon, Norton Sound, Kotzebue salmon gillnet 824 Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea
AK miscellaneous finfish set gillnet 3 Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Prince William Sound salmon set gillnet 30 Harbor seal, GOA

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK roe herring and food/bait herring gillnet 986 None documented
CA set gillnet (mesh size <3.5 in) 304 None documented
HI inshore gillnet 5 Bottlenose dolphin, HI

Spinner dolphin, HI
WA Grays Harbor salmon drift gillnet (excluding treaty Tribal fishing) 24 Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
WA/OR herring, smelt, shad, sturgeon, bottom fish, mullet, perch, rockfish gillnet 913 None documented
WA/OR lower Columbia River (includes tributaries) drift gillnet 110 California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
WA Willapa Bay drift gillnet 82 Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
PURSE SEINE, BEACH SEINE, ROUND HAUL AND THROW NET FISHERIES:
AK Metlakatla salmon purse seine 10 None documented
AK miscellaneous finfish beach seine 1 None documented
AK miscellaneous finfish purse seine 0 None documented
AK octopus/squid purse seine 0 None documented
AK roe herring and food/bait herring beach seine 4 None documented
AK roe herring and food/bait herring purse seine 361 None documented
AK salmon beach seine 31 None documented
AK salmon purse seine (excluding salmon purse seine fisheries listed as Category II) 936 Harbor seal, GOA
WA/OR sardine purse seine 42 None documented
HI Kona crab loop net 42 None documented
HI opelu/akule net 12 None documented
HI inshore purse seine 23 None documented
HI throw net, cast net 14 None documented
WA (all species) beach seine or drag seine 235 None documented
WA/OR herring, smelt, squid purse seine or lampara 130 None documented
WA salmon purse seine 440 None documented
WA salmon reef net 53 None documented
DIP NET FISHERIES:
CA squid dip net 115 None documented
WA/OR smelt, herring dip net 119 None documented
MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:
CA marine shellfish aquaculture unknown None documented
CA salmon enhancement rearing pen >1 None documented
CA white seabass enhancement net pens 13 California sea lion, U.S.
HI offshore pen culture 2 None documented
OR salmon ranch 1 None documented
WA/OR salmon net pens 14 California sea lion, U.S.

Harbor seal, WA inland waters
TROLL FISHERIES:
AK North Pacific halibut, AK bottom fish, WA/OR/CA albacore, groundfish, bottom fish, CA halibut non-salmonid troll fisheries * 1,302 (102 AK) None documented
AK salmon troll 2,045 Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
American Samoa tuna troll <50 None documented
CA/OR/WA salmon troll 4,300 None documented
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands tuna troll 88 None documented
Guam tuna troll 401 None documented
HI trolling, rod and reel 1,321 None documented
LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Greenland turbot longline 29 Killer whale, AK resident
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish longline 0 None documented
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands sablefish longline 28 None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska halibut longline 1,302 None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod longline 440 None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish longline 0 None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska sablefish longline 291 Sperm whale, North Pacific

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
AK halibut longline/set line (State and Federal waters) 2,521 Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK octopus/squid longline 2 None documented
AK State-managed waters longline/setline (including sablefish, rockfish, lingcod, and miscellaneous finfish) 1,448 None documented
American Samoa longline 60 None documented
WA/OR/CA groundfish, bottomfish longline/set line 367 None documented
WA/OR North Pacific halibut longline/set line 350 None documented
TRAWL FISHERIES:
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Atka mackerel trawl 9 Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod trawl 93 Harbor seal, Bering Sea

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish trawl 10 None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska flatfish trawl 41 None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod trawl 62 Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Gulf of Alaska pollock trawl 62 Fin whale, Northeast Pacific

Northern elephant seal, North Pacific

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish trawl 34 None documented
AK food/bait herring trawl 4 None documented
AK miscellaneous finfish otter or beam trawl 317 None documented
AK shrimp otter trawl and beam trawl (statewide and Cook Inlet) 32 None documented
AK State-managed waters of Cook Inlet, Kachemak Bay, Prince William Sound, Southeast AK groundfish trawl 2 None documented
CA halibut bottom trawl 53 None documented
WA/OR/CA groundfish trawl 160-180 California sea lion, U.S.

Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
WA/OR/CA shrimp trawl 300 None documented
POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:
AK statewide miscellaneous finfish pot 293 None documented
AK Aleutian Islands sablefish pot 8 None documented
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod pot 68 None documented
AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands crab pot 297 None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska crab pot 300 None documented
AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod pot 154 Harbor seal, GOA
AK Southeast Alaska crab pot 433 Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)
AK Southeast Alaska shrimp pot 283 Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)
AK shrimp pot, except Southeast 15 None documented
AK octopus/squid pot 27 None documented
AK snail pot 1 None documented
CA spiny lobster, coonstripe shrimp, rock crab, tanner crab pot or trap 530 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

Harbor seal, CA
OR/CA hagfish pot or trap 54 None documented
WA Dungeness crab pot 288 Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
WA/OR shrimp pot/trap 254 None documented
HI crab trap 22 None documented
HI fish trap 19 None documented
HI lobster trap 0 Hawaiian monk seal
HI shrimp trap 5 None documented
HANDLINE AND JIG FISHERIES:
AK miscellaneous finfish handline/hand troll and mechanical jig 445 None documented
AK North Pacific halibut handline/hand troll and mechanical jig 228 None documented
AK octopus/squid handline 0 None documented
American Samoa bottomfish <50 None documented
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands bottomfish <50 None documented
Guam bottomfish 200 None documented
HI aku boat, pole and line 4 None documented
HI Main Hawaiian Islands, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands deep sea bottomfish 300 Hawaiian monk seal
HI inshore handline 307 None documented
HI tuna handline 298 None documented
WA groundfish, bottomfish jig 679 None documented
Western Pacific squid jig 6 None documented
HARPOON FISHERIES:
CA swordfish harpoon 30 None documented
POUND NET/WEIR FISHERIES:
AK herring spawn on kelp pound net 415 None documented
AK Southeast herring roe/food/bait pound net 6 None documented
WA herring brush weir 1 None documented
BAIT PENS:
WA/OR/CA bait pens 13 California sea lion, U.S.
DREDGE FISHERIES:
Coastwide scallop dredge 108 (12 AK) None documented
DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:
AK abalone 0 None documented
AK clam 156 None documented
WA herring spawn on kelp 4 None documented
AK dungeness crab 2 None documented
AK herring spawn on kelp 266 None documented
AK urchin and other fish/shellfish 570 None documented
CA abalone 0 None documented
CA sea urchin 583 None documented
HI black coral diving 1 None documented
HI fish pond N/A None documented
HI handpick 37 None documented
HI lobster diving 19 None documented
HI squiding, spear 91 None documented
WA/CA kelp 4 None documented
WA/OR sea urchin, other clam, octopus, oyster, sea cucumber, scallop, ghost shrimp hand, dive, or mechanical collection 637 None documented
WA shellfish aquaculture 684 None documented
COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:
AK/WA/OR/CA commercial passenger fishing vessel >7,000 (2,702 AK) Killer whale, stock unknown

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
HI charter vessel 114 None documented
LIVE FINFISH/SHELLFISH FISHERIES:
CA nearshore finfish live trap/hook-and-line 93 None documented

List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Table 1:

  • AK - Alaska
  • CA - California
  • GOA - Gulf of Alaska
  • HI - Hawaii
  • OR - Oregon
  • WA - Washington

1 Fishery classified based on serious injuries and mortalities of this stock, which are greater than 50 percent (Category I) or greater than 1 percent and less than 50 percent (Category II) of the stock's PBR

2 Fishery classified by analogy

* Fishery has an associated high seas component listed in Table 3.

Table 2 - Commercial Fisheries in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean

Fishery Description Estimated # of vessels/ persons Marine mammal species/stocks incidentally killed/injured
Category I
GILLNET FISHERIES:
Mid-Atlantic gillnet >670 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal 1

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Common dolphin, WNA

Gray seal, WNA

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF 1

Harbor seal, WNA

Harp seal, WNA

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine 1

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA

Minke whale, Canadian east coast

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA

White-sided dolphin, WNA
Northeast sink gillnet 341 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Common dolphin, WNA

Fin whale, WNA

Gray seal, WNA

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF 1

Harbor seal, WNA

Harp seal, WNA

Hooded seal, WNA

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine 1

Minke whale, Canadian east coast 1

North Atlantic right whale, WNA 1

Risso's dolphin, WNA

White-sided dolphin, WNA
LONGLINE FISHERIES:
Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico large pelagics longline * 94 Atlantic spotted dolphin, Northern GMX

Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Common dolphin, WNA

Cuvier's beaked whale, WNA

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA 1

Mesoplodon beaked whale, WNA

Northern bottlenose whale, WNA

Pantropical spotted dolphin, Northern GMX

Pantropical spotted dolphin, WNA

Pygmy sperm whale, WNA 1

Risso's dolphin, Northern GMX

Risso's dolphin, WNA

Short-finned pilot whale, Northern GMX

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA 1
TRAP/POT FISHERIES:
Northeast/Mid-Atlantic American lobster trap/pot 13,000 Fin whale, WNA

Harbor seal, WNA

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine 1

Minke whale, Canadian east coast 1

North Atlantic right whale, WNA 1
Category II
GILLNET FISHERIES:
Chesapeake Bay inshore gillnet 2 45 None documented
Gulf of Mexico gillnet 2 724 Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, and estuarine

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX

coastal
NC inshore gillnet 94 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal 1
Northeast anchored float gillnet 2 133 Harbor seal, WNA

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine

White-sided dolphin, WNA
Northeast drift gillnet 2 unknown None documented
Southeast Atlantic gillnet 2 779 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic shark gillnet 30 Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal 1

North Atlantic right whale, WNA
TRAWL FISHERIES:
Mid-Atlantic mid-water trawl (including pair trawl) 620 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Common dolphin, WNA

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA

Risso's dolphin, WNA

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA

White-sided dolphin, WNA 1
Mid-Atlantic bottom trawl >1,000 Common dolphin, WNA 1

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA 1

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA 1

White-sided dolphin, WNA
Mid-Atlantic flynet 2 21 None documented
Northeast mid-water trawl (including pair trawl) 17 Harbor seal, WNA

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA 1

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA 1

White-sided dolphin, WNA
Northeast bottom trawl 1,052 Common dolphin, WNA

Harbor seal, WNA

Harp seal, WNA

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA

White-sided dolphin, WNA 1
TRAP/POT FISHERIES:
Atlantic blue crab trap/pot >16,000 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal 1

West Indian manatee, FL 1
Atlantic mixed species trap/pot 2 unknown Fin whale, WNA

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:
Gulf of Mexico menhaden purse seine 40-42 Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal 1

Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal 1
Mid-Atlantic menhaden purse seine 2 22 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal
HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:
Mid-Atlantic haul/beach seine 25 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal 1
NC long haul seine 33 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal 1
STOP NET FISHERIES:
NC roe mullet stop net 13 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal 1
POUND NET FISHERIES:
VA pound net 187 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal 1
Category III
GILLNET FISHERIES:
Caribbean gillnet >991 Dwarf sperm whale, WNA

West Indian manatee, Antillean
DE River inshore gillnet 60 None documented
Long Island Sound inshore gillnet 20 None documented
RI, southern MA (to Monomoy Island), and NY Bight (Raritan and Lower NY Bays) inshore gillnet 32 None documented
Southeast Atlantic inshore gillnet unknown None documented
TRAWL FISHERIES:
Atlantic shellfish bottom trawl 972 None documented
Gulf of Mexico butterfish trawl 2 Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf
Gulf of Mexico mixed species trawl 20 None documented
GA cannonball jellyfish trawl 1 None documented
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shrimp trawl >18,000 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine

West Indian Manatee, FL
MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:
Finfish aquaculture 48 Harbor seal, WNA
Shellfish aquaculture unknown None documented
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:
Gulf of Maine Atlantic herring purse seine 30 Harbor seal, WNA

Gray seal, WNA
Gulf of Maine menhaden purse seine 50 None documented
FL West Coast sardine purse seine 10 Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
U.S. Atlantic tuna purse seine * 5 Long-finned pilot whale, WNA

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
LONGLINE/HOOK-AND-LINE FISHERIES:
Northeast/Mid-Atlantic bottom longline/hook-and-line 46 None documented
Gulf of Maine , U.S. Mid-Atlantic tuna, shark swordfish hook-and-line/harpoon 26,223 Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean snapper-grouper and other reef fish bottom longline/hook-and-line >5,000 None documented
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shark bottom longline/hook-and-line <125 Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean pelagic hook-and-line/harpoon 1,446 None documented
U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico trotline unknown None documented
TRAP/POT FISHERIES
Caribbean mixed species trap/pot >501 None documented
Caribbean spiny lobster trap/pot >197 None documented
FL spiny lobster trap/pot 2,145 Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal
Gulf of Mexico blue crab trap/pot 4,113 Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX Bay, Sound, & Estuarine

West Indian manatee, FL
Gulf of Mexico mixed species trap/pot unknown None documented
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico golden crab trap/pot 10 None documented
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico stone crab trap/pot 4,453 Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal
U.S. Mid-Atlantic eel trap/pot >700 None documented
STOP SEINE/WEIR/POUND NET FISHERIES:
Gulf of Maine herring and Atlantic mackerel stop seine/weir 50 Gray seal, Northwest North Atlantic

Harbor porpoise, GME/BF

Harbor seal, WNA

Minke whale, Canadian East Coast

White-sided dolphin, WNA
U.S. Mid-Atlantic crab stop seine/weir 2,600 None documented
U.S. Mid-Atlantic mixed species stop seine/weir/pound net (except the NC roe mullet stop net) 751 None documented
DREDGE FISHERIES:
Gulf of Maine mussel >50 None documented
Gulf of Maine , U.S. Mid-Atlantic sea scallop dredge 233 None documented
U.S. Mid-Atlantic/Gulf of Mexico oyster 7,000 None documented
U.S. Mid-Atlantic offshore surf clam and quahog dredge 100 None documented
HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:
Caribbean haul/beach seine 15 West Indian manatee, Antillean
Gulf of Mexico haul/beach seine unknown None documented
Southeastern U.S. Atlantic haul/beach seine 25 None documented
DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:
Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean shellfish dive, hand/mechanical collection 20,000 None documented
Gulf of Maine urchin dive, hand/mechanical collection >50 None documented
Gulf of Mexico, Southeast Atlantic, Mid-Atlantic, and Caribbean cast net unknown None documented
COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:
Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean commercial passenger fishing vessel 4,000 Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA coastal

List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Table 2:

  • DE - Delaware
  • FL - Florida
  • GA - Georgia
  • GME/BF - Gulf of Maine/Bay of Fundy
  • GMX - Gulf of Mexico
  • MA - Massachusetts
  • NC - North Carolina
  • VA - Virginia
  • WNA - Western North Atlantic

1 Fishery classified based on serious injuries and mortalities of this stock, which are greater than 50 percent (Category I) or greater than 1 percent and less than 50 percent (Category II) of the stock's PBR

2 Fishery classified by analogy

* Fishery has an associated high seas component listed in Table 3.

Table 3: List of Fisheries Commercial Fisheries on the High Seas

Fishery Description # of HSFCA permits Marine mammal species/stocks incidentally killed/injured
Category I
DRIFT GILLNET FISHERIES:
Pacific Highly Migratory Species * ^ 5 Long-beaked common dolphin, CA

Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

Short-finned pilot whale, CA/OR/WA
LONGLINE FISHERIES:
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species * + 75 Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore

Common dolphin, WNA

Cuvier's beaked whale, WNA

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA

Mesoplodon beaked whale, WNA

Pygmy sperm whale, WNA

Risso's dolphin, WNA

Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
Western Pacific Pelagic (Deep-set component) * ^ 129 Blainville's beaked whale, HI

Bottlenose dolphin, HI

False killer whale, HI

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific

Risso's dolphin, HI

Short-finned pilot whale, HI

Spinner dolphin, HI

Striped dolphin, HI
Category II
DRIFT GILLNET FISHERIES:
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species 1 Undetermined
Unspecified 1 Undetermined
GILLNET NEI FISHERIES:
Pacific Highly Migratory Species 1 Undetermined
TRAWL FISHERIES:
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species ** 3 Undetermined
Pacific Highly Migratory Species ** 14 Undetermined
CCAMLR 0 Antarctic fur seal
South Pacific Albacore Troll 5 Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic 11 Undetermined
Unspecified 22 Undetermined
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:
Pacific Highly Migratory Species * ^ 5 None documented
South Pacific Albacore Troll 1 Undetermined
South Pacific Tuna Fisheries 23 Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic 4 Undetermined
POT VESSEL FISHERIES:
Pacific Highly Migratory Species ** 8 Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll 5 Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic 8 Undetermined
LONGLINE FISHERIES:
CCAMLR 0 None documented
Pacific Highly Migratory Species * + 56 Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA
South Pacific Albacore Troll 12 Undetermined
South Pacific Tuna Fisheries ** 2 Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic (Shallow-set component) * ^ 28 Bottlenose dolphin, stock unknown

Bryde's whale, stock unknown

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific

Pantropical spotted dolphin, stock unknown Risso's dolphin, stock unknown Sperm whale, stock unknown
Unspecified 4 Undetermined
HANDLINE/POLE AND LINE FISHERIES:
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species 2 Undetermined
Pacific Highly Migratory Species 18 Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll 7 Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic 8 Undetermined
SEINE-HANDLINE FISHERIES:
Pacific Highly Migratory Species 1 Undetermined
TROLL FISHERIES:
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species 5 Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll 45 Undetermined
South Pacific Tuna Fisheries ** 1 Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic 44 Undetermined
Unspecified 9 Undetermined
LINERS NEI FISHERIES:
Pacific Highly Migratory Species ** 3 Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll 1 Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic 2 Undetermined
DREDGE FISHERIES:
Unspecified 2 Undetermined
FACTORY MOTHERSHIP FISHERIES:
Western Pacific Pelagic 1 Undetermined
MULTIPURPOSE VESSELS NEI FISHERIES:
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species 1 Undetermined
Pacific Highly Migratory Species ** 9 Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll 6 Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic 7 Undetermined
FISHING VESSELS NEI FISHERIES:
Pacific Highly Migratory Species ** 2 Undetermined
South Pacific Albacore Troll 1 Undetermined
Western Pacific Pelagic 2 Undetermined
Category III
TROLL FISHERIES:
Pacific Highly Migratory Species * 222 None documented
PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:
Atlantic Highly Migratory Species * ^ 1 Long-finned pilot whales, WNA

Short finned pilot whales, WNA

List of Terms, Abbreviations, and Symbols Used in Table 3:

  • GMX- Gulf of Mexico
  • NEI - Not Elsewhere Identified
  • Unspecified - Identifies the number of valid high seas permits for a fishery that, as of 2004, is no longer authorized under the HSFCA - High Seas Fishery Compliance Act. Once these permits expire (valid for 5 years), fishers will be required to obtain a permit for one of the seven currently authorized HSFCA fisheries to continue fishing on the high seas.
  • WNA - Western North Atlantic

* Fishery is an extension/component of an existing fishery operating within U.S. waters listed in Table 1 or 2. The number of permits listed in Table 3 represents only the number of permits for the high seas component of the fishery.

** These gear types are not authorized under the Pacific HMS FMP (2004), the Atlantic HMS FMP (2006), or without a South Pacific Tuna Treaty license (in the case of the South Pacific Tuna fisheries). Because HSFCA permits are valid for five years, permits obtained in past years exist in the HSFCA permit database for gear types that are now unauthorized. Therefore, while HSFCA permits exist for these gear types, it does not represent effort. In order to land fish species, fishers must be using an authorized gear type. Once these permits for unauthorized gear types expire, the permit-holder will be required to obtain a permit for an authorized gear type.

+ The marine mammal species or stock listed as killed/injured in this fishery has been observed taken by this fishery on the high seas.

^ The list of marine mammal species killed/injured in this fishery is identical to the list of marine mammal species killed/injured in U.S. waters component of the fishery, minus coastal stocks, because the marine mammal species are also found on the high seas and the fishery remains the same on both sides of the EEZ boundary. Therefore, the high seas components of these fisheries pose the same risk to marine mammals as the fisheries operating in U.S. waters.

Table 4 - Fisheries Affected by Take Reduction Teams and Plans

Take Reduction Plans Affected Fisheries
Atlantic Large Whale Take Reduction Plan (ALWTRP) - 50 CFR 229.32 Category I

Mid-Atlantic gillnet

Northeast/Mid-Atlantic American lobster trap/pot

Northeast sink gillnet


Category II

Atlantic blue crab trap/pot

Atlantic mixed species trap/pot

Northeast anchored float gillnet

Northeast drift gillnet

Southeast Atlantic gillnet

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic shark gillnet*
Bottlenose Dolphin Take Reduction Plan (BDTRP) - 50 CFR 229.35 Category I

Mid-Atlantic gillnet


Category II

Atlantic blue crab trap/pot

Mid-Atlantic haul/beach seine

NC inshore gillnet

NC long haul seine

NC roe mullet stop net

Southeast Atlantic gillnet

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic shark gillnet

VA pound net
Harbor Porpoise Take Reduction Plan (HPTRP) - 50 CFR 229.33 and 229.34 Category I

Mid-Atlantic gillnet

Northeast sink gillnet
Pacific Offshore Cetacean Take Reduction Plan (POCTRP) - 50 CFR 229.31 Category I

CA/OR thresher shark/swordfish drift gillnet (≥14 in mesh)
Take Reduction Teams Affected Fisheries
Pelagic Longline Take Reduction Team (PLTRT) Category I

Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico large pelagics longline
Atlantic Trawl Gear Take Reduction Team (ATGTRT) Category II

Mid-Atlantic Bottom Trawl

Mid-Atlantic Mid-Water Trawl (Including Pair Trawl)

Northeast Bottom Trawl

Northeast Mid-Water Trawl (Including Pair Trawl)

* Only applicable to portion of fishery in U.S. waters.

For a description of each Take Reduction Team and copies of Take Reduction Plans, access: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/interactions/trt/

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