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Final 2011 List of Fisheries (LOF)

« List of Fisheries Overview

The List of Fisheries (LOF) classifies U.S. commercial fisheries into Categories according to the level of interactions that result in incidental mortality or serious injury of marine mammals organized in four tables:

Final 2011 List of Fisheries tables and categories:

  1. Pacific Ocean
    Category:
    1. frequent interactions
    2. occasional interactions
    3. remote likelihood of/no known interactions
  2. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean
    Category:
    1. frequent interactions
    2. occasional interactions
    3. remote likelihood of/no known interactions
  3. High Seas
    Category:
    1. frequent interactions
    2. occasional interactions
    3. remote likelihood of/no known interactions

Table 1 - List of Fisheries - Commercial Fisheries in the Pacific Ocean

Fishery Description
Estimated # of vessels/ persons
Marine mammal species/ stocks incidentally killed/ injured
CATEGORY I

LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:

HI deep-set (tuna target) longline/set line*

127

  • Blainville's beaked whale, HI
  • Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
  • False killer whale, HI Insular1
  • False killer whale, HI Pelagic1
  • False killer whale, Palmyra Atoll
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
  • Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI
  • Risso's dolphin, HI
  • Short-finned pilot whale, HI
  • Striped dolphin, HI
CATEGORY II

GILLNET FISHERIES:

CA halibut/white seabass and other species set gillnet (>3.5 in mesh)

50

  • California sea lion, U.S.
  • Harbor seal, CA
  • Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
  • Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
  • Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
  • Sea otter, CA
  • Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

CA yellowtail, barracuda, and white seabass drift gillnet (mesh size ≥3.5 in and <14 in)2

30

  • California sea lion, U.S.
  • Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
  • Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

AK Bristol Bay salmon drift gillnet2

1,862

  • Beluga whale, Bristol Bay
  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Harbor seal, Bering Sea
  • Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
  • Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific
  • Spotted seal, AK
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Bristol Bay salmon set gillnet2

983

  • Beluga whale, Bristol Bay
  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Harbor seal, Bering Sea
  • Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
  • Spotted seal, AK

AK Kodiak salmon set gillnet

188

  • Harbor porpoise, GOA1
  • Harbor seal, GOA
  • Sea otter, Southwest AK
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Cook Inlet salmon set gillnet

738

  • Beluga whale, Cook Inlet
  • Dall's porpoise, AK
  • Harbor porpoise, GOA
  • Harbor seal, GOA
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Cook Inlet salmon drift gillnet

571

  • Beluga whale, Cook Inlet
  • Dall's porpoise, AK
  • Harbor porpoise, GOA1
  • Harbor seal, GOA
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon drift gillnet2

162

  • Dall's porpoise, AK
  • Harbor porpoise, GOA
  • Harbor seal, GOA
  • Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon set gillnet2

115

  • Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Prince William Sound salmon drift gillnet

537

  • Dall's porpoise, AK
  • Harbor porpoise, GOA1
  • Harbor seal, GOA
  • Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
  • Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific
  • Sea 0tter, South Central AK
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1

AK Southeast salmon drift gillnet

476

  • Dall's porpoise, AK
  • Harbor porpoise, Southeast AK
  • Harbor seal, Southeast AK
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
  • Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific
  • Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

AK Yakutat salmon set gillnet2

166

  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Harbor seal, Southeast AK
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)

WA Puget Sound Region salmon drift gillnet (includes all inland waters south of US-Canada border and eastward of the Bonilla-Tatoosh line-Treaty Indian fishing is excluded)

210

  • Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA
  • Harbor porpoise, inland WA1
  • Harbor seal, WA inland

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

AK Cook Inlet salmon purse seine

82

  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1

AK Kodiak salmon purse seine

370

  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1

TRAWL FISHERIES:

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands flatfish trawl

34

  • Bearded seal, AK
  • Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea
  • Harbor seal, Bering Sea
  • Killer whale, AK resident1
  • Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
  • Spotted seal, AK
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1
  • Walrus, AK

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands pollock trawl

95

  • Dall's porpoise, AK
  • Harbor seal, AK
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
  • Humpback whale, Western North Pacific
  • Killer whale, Eastern North Pacific, GOA, Aleutian Islands, and Bering Sea transient1
  • Minke whale, AK
  • Ribbon seal, AK
  • Spotted seal, AK
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1

POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:

AK Bering Sea sablefish pot

6

  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
  • Humpback whale, Western North Pacific1

CA spot prawn pot

27

  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

CA Dungeness crab pot

534

  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

OR Dungeness crab pot

433

  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

WA/OR/CA sablefish pot

309

  • Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

WA coastal Dungeness crab pot/trap

228

  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:

HI shallow-set (swordfish target) longline/ set line*

28

  • Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic1
  • Bryde's whale, HI
  • False killer whale, HI Pelagic
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
  • Kogia sp. whale (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), HI
  • Risso's dolphin, HI
  • Striped dolphin, HI

American Samoa longline2

60

  • False killer whale, American Samoa
  • Rough-toothed dolphin, American Samoa

HI shortline2

21

None documented

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod longline

54

  • Killer whale, AK resident1
  • Ribbon seal, AK
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.
CATEGORY III

GILLNET FISHERIES:

AK Kuskokwim, Yukon, Norton Sound, Kotzebue salmon gillnet

824

  • Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea

AK miscellaneous finfish set gillnet

3

  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Prince William Sound salmon set gillnet

30

  • Harbor seal, GOA
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK roe herring and food/bait herring gillnet

986

None documented

CA set gillnet (mesh size <3.5 in)

304

None documented

CA/OR thresher shark/swordfish drift gillnet (≥14 in mesh)*

45

  • California sea lion, U.S.
  • Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
  • Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
  • Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA
  • Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
  • Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA
  • Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

HI inshore gillnet

39

  • Bottlenose dolphin, HI
  • Spinner dolphin, HI

WA Grays Harbor salmon drift gillnet (excluding treaty Tribal fishing)

24

  • Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

WA/OR herring, smelt, shad, sturgeon, bottom fish, mullet, perch, rockfish gillnet

913

None documented

WA/OR lower Columbia River (includes tributaries) drift gillnet

110

  • California sea lion, U.S.
  • Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

WA Willapa Bay drift gillnet

82

  • Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
  • Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

PURSE SEINE, BEACH SEINE, ROUND HAUL, THROW NET AND TANGLE NET FISHERIES:

AK Southeast salmon purse seine

415

None documented in recent years

AK Metlakatla salmon purse seine

10

None documented

AK miscellaneous finfish beach seine

1

None documented

AK miscellaneous finfish purse seine

0

None documented

AK octopus/squid purse seine

0

None documented

AK roe herring and food/bait herring beach seine

4

None documented

AK roe herring and food/bait herring purse seine

361

None documented

AK salmon beach seine

31

None documented

AK salmon purse seine (excluding salmon purse seine fisheries listed as Category II)

936

  • Harbor seal, GOA

CA anchovy, mackerel, sardine purse seine

65

  • California sea lion, U.S.
  • Harbor seal, CA

CA squid purse seine

80

  • Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
  • Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

CA tuna purse seine*

10

None documented

WA/OR sardine purse seine

42

None documented

WA (all species) beach seine or drag seine

235

None documented

WA/OR herring, smelt, squid purse seine or lampara

130

None documented

WA salmon purse seine

440

None documented

WA salmon reef net

53

None documented

HI opelu/akule net

20

None documented

HI inshore purse seine

8

None documented

HI throw net, cast net

28

None documented

HI hukilau net

36

None documented

HI lobster tangle net

2

None documented

DIP NET FISHERIES:

CA squid dip net

115

None documented

WA/OR smelt, herring dip net

119

None documented

MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:

CA marine shellfish aquaculture

unknown

None documented

CA salmon enhancement rearing pen

>1

None documented

CA white seabass enhancement net pens

13

  • California sea lion, U.S.

HI offshore pen culture

2

None documented

OR salmon ranch

1

None documented

WA/OR salmon net pens

14

  • California sea lion, U.S.
  • Harbor seal, WA inland waters

TROLL FISHERIES:

AK North Pacific halibut, AK bottom fish, WA/OR/CA albacore, groundfish, bottom fish, CA halibut non-salmonid troll fisheries*

1,302 (102 AK)

None documented

AK salmon troll

2,045

  • Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

American Samoa tuna troll

<50

None documented

CA/OR/WA salmon troll

4,300

None documented

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands tuna troll

88

None documented

Guam tuna troll

401

None documented

HI trolling, rod and reel

2,210

None documented

LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Greenland turbot longline

29

  • Killer whale, AK resident

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish longline

0

None documented

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands sablefish longline

28

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska halibut longline

1,302

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod longline

440

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish longline

0

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska sablefish longline

291

  • Sperm whale, North Pacific
  • Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

AK halibut longline/set line (State and Federal waters)

2,521

  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK octopus/squid longline

2

None documented

AK State-managed waters longline/setline (including sablefish, rockfish, lingcod, and miscellaneous finfish)

1,448

None documented

WA/OR/CA groundfish, bottomfish longline/set line

367

None documented

WA/OR North Pacific halibut longline/set line

350

None documented

CA pelagic longline

6

None documented in recent 5 years of data

HI kaka line

28

None documented

HI vertical longline

18

None documented

TRAWL FISHERIES:

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Atka mackerel trawl

9

  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod trawl

93

  • Harbor seal, Bering Sea
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish trawl

10

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska flatfish trawl

41

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod trawl

62

  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Gulf of Alaska pollock trawl

62

  • Fin whale, Northeast Pacific
  • Northern elephant seal, North Pacific
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish trawl

34

None documented

AK food/bait herring trawl

4

None documented

AK miscellaneous finfish otter / beam trawl

317

None documented

AK shrimp otter trawl and beam trawl (statewide and Cook Inlet)

32

None documented

AK State-managed waters of Cook Inlet, Kachemak Bay, Prince William Sound, Southeast AK groundfish trawl

2

None documented

CA halibut bottom trawl

53

None documented

WA/OR/CA shrimp trawl

300

None documented

WA/OR/CA groundfish trawl

160-180

  • California sea lion, U.S.
  • Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA
  • Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
  • Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
  • Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
  • Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:

AK statewide miscellaneous finfish pot

293

None documented

AK Aleutian Islands sablefish pot

8

None documented

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod pot

68

None documented

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands crab pot

297

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska crab pot

300

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod pot

154

  • Harbor seal, GOA

AK Southeast Alaska crab pot

433

  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)

AK Southeast Alaska shrimp pot

283

  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)

AK shrimp pot, except Southeast

15

None documented

AK octopus/squid pot

27

None documented

AK snail pot

1

None documented

CA coonstripe shrimp, rock crab, tanner crab pot or trap

305

  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
  • Harbor seal, CA

CA spiny lobster

225

  • Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

OR/CA hagfish pot or trap

54

None documented

WA/OR shrimp pot/trap

254

None documented

WA Puget Sound Dungeness crab pot/trap

249

None documented

HI crab trap

9

None documented

HI fish trap

11

None documented

HI lobster trap

3

  • Hawaiian monk seal

HI shrimp trap

1

None documented

HI crab net

8

None documented

HI Kona crab loop net

41

None documented

HANDLINE AND JIG FISHERIES:

AK miscellaneous finfish handline/hand troll and mechanical jig

445

None documented

AK North Pacific halibut handline/hand troll and mechanical jig

228

None documented

AK octopus/squid handline

0

None documented

American Samoa bottomfish

<50

None documented

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands bottomfish

<50

None documented

Guam bottomfish

200

None documented

HI aku boat, pole, and line

6

None documented

HI Main Hawaiian Islands deep-sea bottomfish handline

580

  • Hawaiian monk seal

HI inshore handline

460

None documented

HI tuna handline

531

None documented

WA groundfish, bottomfish jig

679

None documented

Western Pacific squid jig

6

None documented

HARPOON FISHERIES:

CA swordfish harpoon

30

None documented

POUND NET/WEIR FISHERIES:

AK herring spawn on kelp pound net

415

None documented

AK Southeast herring roe/food/bait pound net

6

None documented

WA herring brush weir

1

None documented

HI bullpen trap

4

None documented

BAIT PENS:

WA/OR/CA bait pens

13

  • California sea lion, U.S.

DREDGE FISHERIES:

Coastwide scallop dredge

108 (12 AK)

None documented

DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:

AK abalone

0

None documented

AK clam

156

None documented

WA herring spawn on kelp

4

None documented

AK Dungeness crab

2

None documented

AK herring spawn on kelp

266

None documented

AK urchin and other fish/shellfish

570

None documented

CA abalone

0

None documented

CA sea urchin

583

None documented

HI black coral diving

1

None documented

HI fish pond

N/A

None documented

HI handpick

53

None documented

HI lobster diving

36

None documented

HI spearfishing

163

None documented

WA/CA kelp

4

None documented

WA/OR sea urchin, other clam, octopus, oyster, sea cucumber, scallop, ghost shrimp hand, dive, or mechanical collection

637

None documented

WA shellfish aquaculture

684

None documented

COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:

AK/WA/OR/CA commercial passenger fishing vessel

>7,000 (2,702 AK)

  • Killer whale, stock unknown
  • Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
  • Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

HI charter vessel

114

None documented

LIVE FINFISH/SHELLFISH FISHERIES:

CA nearshore finfish live trap/hook-and-line

93

None documented

List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Table 1:

  • AK - Alaska
  • CA - California
  • GOA - Gulf of Alaska
  • HI - Hawaii
  • OR - Oregon
  • WA - Washington
  • 1Fishery classified based on serious injuries and mortalities of this stock, which are greater than 50 percent (Category I) or greater than 1 percent and less than 50 percent (Category II) of the stock's PBR
  • 2Fishery classified by analogy
  • * Fishery has an associated high seas component listed in Table 3

Table 2- List of Fisheries - Commercial Fisheries in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean

Fishery Description

Estimated # of vessels/ persons

Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured

CATEGORY I

GILLNET FISHERIES:

Mid-Atlantic gillnet

5,495

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
  • Common dolphin, WNA
  • Gray seal, WNA
  • Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Harp seal, WNA
  • Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • Minke whale, Canadian east coast
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA

Northeast sink gillnet

7,712

  • Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
  • Common dolphin, WNA
  • Fin whale, WNA
  • Gray seal, WNA
  • Harbor porpoise, GME/BF1
  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Harp seal, WNA
  • Hooded seal, WNA
  • Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
  • Minke whale, Canadian east coast
  • North Atlantic right whale, WNA
  • Risso's dolphin, WNA
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA

TRAP/POT FISHERIES:

Northeast/Mid-Atlantic American lobster trap/pot

12,489

  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
  • Minke whale, Canadian east coast
  • North Atlantic right whale, WNA1

LONGLINE FISHERIES:

Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico large pelagics longline*

94

  • Atlantic spotted dolphin, Northern GMX
  • Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf
  • Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
  • Common dolphin, WNA
  • Cuvier's beaked whale, WNA
  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1
  • Mesoplodon beaked whale, WNA
  • Northern bottlenose whale, WNA
  • Pantropical spotted dolphin, Northern GMX
  • Pantropical spotted dolphin, WNA
  • Risso's dolphin, Northern GMX
  • Risso's dolphin, WNA
  • Short-finned pilot whale, Northern GMX
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA1
CATEGORY II

GILLNET FISHERIES:

Chesapeake Bay inshore gillnet2

1,167

None documented in recent 5 years of data

Gulf of Mexico gillnet2

724

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, and estuarine
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal

NC inshore gillnet

2,250

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1

Northeast anchored float gillnet2

662

  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA

Northeast drift gillnet2

608

None documented

Southeast Atlantic gillnet2

779

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, GA coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, SC coastal

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic shark gillnet

30

  • Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal1
  • North Atlantic right whale, WNA

TRAWL FISHERIES:

Mid-Atlantic mid-water trawl (including pair trawl)

546

  • Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
  • Common dolphin, WNA
  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • Risso's dolphin, WNA
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA1

Mid-Atlantic bottom trawl

1,182

  • Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
  • Common dolphin, WNA1
  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA1
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA

Northeast mid-water trawl (including pair trawl)

953

  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA1
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA

Northeast bottom trawl

1,635

  • Common dolphin, WNA
  • Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Harp seal, WNA
  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA1

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shrimp trawl

4,950

  • Atlantic spotted dolphin, Northern GMX
  • Bottlenose dolphin, GA coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, SC coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine1
  • West Indian manatee, FL

TRAP/POT FISHERIES:

Atlantic blue crab trap/pot

6,479

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Charleston estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Jacksonville estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, GA coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GA/ Southern SC estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern GA estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, SC coastal1
  • West Indian manatee, FL1

Atlantic mixed species trap/pot2

1,912

  • Fin whale, WNA
  • Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

Gulf of Mexico menhaden purse seine

40-42

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal1

Mid-Atlantic menhaden purse seine2

54

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal

HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:

Mid-Atlantic haul/beach seine

666

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1

NC long haul seine

372

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1

STOP NET FISHERIES:

NC roe mullet stop net

13

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1

POUND NET FISHERIES:

VA pound net

52

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1
CATEGORY III

GILLNET FISHERIES:

Caribbean gillnet

>991

  • Dwarf sperm whale, WNA

DE River inshore gillnet

60

None documented in recent 5 years of data

Long Island Sound inshore gillnet

20

None documented in recent 5 years of data

RI, southern MA (to Monomoy Island), and NY Bight (Raritan and Lower NY Bays) inshore gillnet

32

None documented in recent 5 years of data

Southeast Atlantic inshore gillnet

unknown

None documented

TRAWL FISHERIES:

Atlantic shellfish bottom trawl

>67

None documented

Gulf of Mexico butterfish trawl

2

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf

Gulf of Mexico mixed species trawl

20

None documented

GA cannonball jellyfish trawl

1

None documented

MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:

Finfish aquaculture

48

  • Harbor seal, WNA

Shellfish aquaculture

unknown

None documented

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

Gulf of Maine Atlantic herring purse seine

>7

  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Gray seal, WNA

Gulf of Maine menhaden purse seine

>2

None documented

FL West Coast sardine purse seine

10

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

U.S. Atlantic tuna purse seine*

5

  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA

LONGLINE/HOOK-AND-LINE FISHERIES:

Northeast/Mid-Atlantic bottom longline/hook-and-line

1,183

None documented in recent 5 years of data

Gulf of Maine , U.S. Mid-Atlantic tuna, shark swordfish hook-and-line/harpoon

>403

  • Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean snapper-grouper and other reef fish bottom longline/hook-and-line

>5,000

None documented

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shark bottom longline/hook-and-line

<125

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean pelagic hook-and-line/harpoon

1,446

None documented

U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico trotline

unknown

None documented

TRAP/POT FISHERIES

Caribbean mixed species trap/pot

>501

None documented

Caribbean spiny lobster trap/pot

>197

None documented

FL spiny lobster trap/pot

2,145

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, FL Bay estuarine

Gulf of Mexico blue crab trap/pot

4,113

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, & estuarine
  • West Indian manatee, FL

Gulf of Mexico mixed species trap/pot

unknown

None documented

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico golden crab trap/pot

10

None documented

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico stone crab trap/pot

4,453

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine

U.S. Mid-Atlantic eel trap/pot

>700

None documented

STOP SEINE/WEIR/POUND NET FISHERIES:

Gulf of Maine herring and Atlantic mackerel stop seine/weir

unknown

  • Gray seal, Northwest North Atlantic
  • Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
  • Harbor seal, WNA
  • Minke whale, Canadian East Coast
  • White-sided dolphin, WNA

U.S. Mid-Atlantic crab stop seine/weir

2,600

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic mixed species stop seine/weir/pound net (except the NC roe mullet stop net)

unknown

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system

DREDGE FISHERIES:

Gulf of Maine mussel dredge

unknown

None documented

Gulf of Maine , U.S. Mid-Atlantic sea scallop dredge

258

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic/Gulf of Mexico oyster dredge

7,000

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic offshore surf clam and quahog dredge

unknown

None documented

HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:

Caribbean haul/beach seine

15

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

Gulf of Mexico haul/beach seine

unknown

None documented

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic haul/beach seine

25

None documented

DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:

Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean shellfish dive, hand/mechanical collection

20,000

None documented

Gulf of Maine urchin dive, hand/mechanical collection

unknown

None documented

Gulf of Mexico, Southeast Atlantic, Mid-Atlantic, and Caribbean cast net

unknown

None documented

COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:

Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean commercial passenger fishing vessel

4,000

  • Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system

List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Table 2:

  • DE - Delaware
  • FL - Florida
  • GA - Georgia
  • GME/BF - Gulf of Maine/Bay of Fundy
  • GMX - Gulf of Mexico
  • MA - Massachusetts
  • NC - North Carolina
  • SC- South Carolina
  • VA - Virginia
  • WNA - Western North Atlantic
  • 1 Fishery classified based on serious injuries and mortalities of this stock, which are greater than 50 percent (Category I) or greater than 1 percent and less than 50 percent (Category II) of the stock's PBR
  • 2 Fishery classified by analogy
  • * Fishery has an associated high seas component listed in Table 3.

Table 3 - List of Fisheries -- Commercial Fisheries on the High Seas

Fishery Description

# of HSFCA permits

Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured

CATEGORY I

LONGLINE FISHERIES:

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species*+

77

  • Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA
  • Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
  • Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
  • Common dolphin, WNA
  • Cuvier's beaked whale, WNA
  • Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
  • Mesoplodon beaked whale, WNA
  • Pygmy sperm whale, WNA
  • Risso's dolphin, WNA
  • Short-finned pilot whale, WNA

Western Pacific Pelagic (Deep-set component)*^+

127

  • Blainville's beaked whale, HI
  • Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
  • False killer whale, HI Pelagic
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
  • Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI
  • Risso's dolphin, HI
  • Short-finned pilot whale, HI
  • Striped dolphin, HI
CATEGORY II

DRIFT GILLNET FISHERIES:

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

1

Undetermined

TRAWL FISHERIES:

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species**

3

Undetermined

Pacific Highly Migratory Species**

2

Undetermined

CCAMLR

0

  • Antarctic fur seal

South Pacific Albacore Troll

2

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

3

Undetermined

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

South Pacific Tuna Fisheries

35

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

3

Undetermined

POT VESSEL FISHERIES:

Pacific Highly Migratory Species**

7

Undetermined

South Pacific Albacore Troll

5

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

7

Undetermined

LONGLINE FISHERIES:

CCAMLR

0

None documented

Pacific Highly Migratory Species*+

75

  • Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA

South Pacific Albacore Troll

11

Undetermined

South Pacific Tuna Fisheries**

8

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic (Shallow-set component)*^+

28

  • Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
  • Bryde's whale, HI
  • Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
  • Kogia sp. whale (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), HI
  • Risso's dolphin, HI
  • Striped dolphin, HI

HANDLINE/POLE AND LINE FISHERIES:

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

2

Undetermined

Pacific Highly Migratory Species

25

Undetermined

South Pacific Albacore Troll

8

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

10

Undetermined

TROLL FISHERIES:

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

7

Undetermined

South Pacific Albacore Troll

59

Undetermined

South Pacific Tuna Fisheries**

3

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

40

Undetermined

LINERS NEI FISHERIES:

Pacific Highly Migratory Species**

1

Undetermined

South Pacific Albacore Troll

1

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

1

Undetermined

FACTORY MOTHERSHIP FISHERIES:

Western Pacific Pelagic

1

Undetermined

MULTIPURPOSE VESSELS NEI FISHERIES:

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

1

Undetermined

Pacific Highly Migratory Species**

7

Undetermined

South Pacific Albacore Troll

4

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

5

Undetermined

CATEGORY III

DRIFT GILLNET FISHERIES:

Pacific Highly Migratory Species*^

3

  • Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
  • Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA
  • Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
  • Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA
  • Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

Pacific Highly Migratory Species * ^

8

None documented

TROLL FISHERIES:

Pacific Highly Migratory Species*

271

None documented

List of Terms, Abbreviations, and Symbols Used in Table 3:

  • GMX- Gulf of Mexico.
  • NEI - Not Elsewhere Identified.
  • WNA - Western North Atlantic.
  • * Fishery is an extension/component of an existing fishery operating within U.S. waters listed in Table 1 or 2. The number of permits listed in Table 3 represents only the number of permits for the high seas component of the fishery.
  • ** These gear types are not authorized under the Pacific HMS FMP (2004), the Atlantic HMS FMP (2006), or without a South Pacific Tuna Treaty license (in the case of the South Pacific Tuna fisheries). Because HSFCA permits are valid for five years, permits obtained in past years exist in the HSFCA permit database for gear types that are now unauthorized. Therefore, while HSFCA permits exist for these gear types, it does not represent effort. In order to land fish species, fishers must be using an authorized gear type. Once these permits for unauthorized gear types expire, the permit-holder will be required to obtain a permit for an authorized gear type.
  • + The marine mammal species or stock listed as killed or injured in this fishery has been observed taken by this fishery on the high seas.
  • ^ The list of marine mammal species killed or injured in this fishery is identical to the list of marine mammal species killed or injured in U.S. waters component of the fishery, minus coastal stocks, because the marine mammal species are also found on the high seas and the fishery remains the same on both sides of the EEZ boundary. Therefore, the high seas components of these fisheries pose the same risk to marine mammals as the fisheries operating in U.S. waters.
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