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2013 List of Fisheries (LOF)

« List of Fisheries Overview

The List of Fisheries (LOF) classifies U.S. commercial fisheries into Categories according to the level of interactions that result in incidental mortality or serious injury of marine mammals:

Click on the fishery links in the table below for descriptions (current and historical) of each Category I and II fishery.

See the Federal Register notice (78 FR 53336) for more information.


Table 1 - Commercial Fisheries in the Pacific Ocean

Fishery Description Estimated # of vessels/
persons
Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured

CATEGORY I

LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:

   

HI deep-set (tuna target) longline/ set line *^

129

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
False killer whale, HI Insular1
False killer whale, HI Pelagic1
False killer whale, Palmyra Atoll
Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI
Risso's dolphin, HI
Short-finned pilot whale, HI
Striped dolphin, HI

GILLNET FISHERIES:

   

CA thresher shark/ swordfish drift gillnet (≥14 in mesh) *

25

Bottlenose dolphin, CA/OR/WA offshore
California sea lion, U.S.
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA
Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Sperm Whale, CA/OR/WA1

CATEGORY II

GILLNET FISHERIES:

   

CA halibut/ white seabass and other species set gillnet (>3.5 in mesh)

50

California sea lion, U.S.
Harbor seal, CA
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1
Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
Northern elephant seal, CA breeding
Sea otter, CA
Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

CA yellowtail, barracuda, and white seabass drift gillnet (mesh size ≥3.5 in and <14 in) 2

30

California sea lion, U.S.
Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

AK Bristol Bay salmon drift gillnet2

1,863

Beluga whale, Bristol Bay
Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor seal, Bering Sea
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific
Spotted seal, AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Bristol Bay salmon set gillnet2

982

Beluga whale, Bristol Bay
Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor seal, Bering Sea
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Spotted seal, AK

AK Kodiak salmon set gillnet

188

Harbor porpoise, GOA1
Harbor seal, GOA
Sea otter, Southwest AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Cook Inlet salmon set gillnet

738

Beluga whale, Cook Inlet
Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, GOA
Harbor seal, GOA
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Cook Inlet salmon drift gillnet

569

Beluga whale, Cook Inlet
Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, GOA1
Harbor seal, GOA
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon drift gillnet2

162

Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, GOA
Harbor seal, GOA
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

AK Peninsula/Aleutian Islands salmon set gillnet2

114

Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Prince William Sound salmon drift gillnet

537

Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, GOA1
Harbor seal, GOA
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific
Sea otter, South Central AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1

AK Southeast salmon drift gillnet

474

Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor porpoise, Southeast AK
Harbor seal, Southeast AK
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1
Pacific white-sided dolphin, North Pacific
Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

AK Yakutat salmon set gillnet2

167

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor Porpoise, Southeastern AK
Harbor seal, Southeast AK
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)

WA Puget Sound Region salmon drift gillnet (includes all inland waters south of US-Canada border and eastward of the Bonilla-Tatoosh line-Treaty Indian fishing is excluded)

210

Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA
Harbor porpoise, inland WA1
Harbor seal, WA inland

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

   

AK Cook Inlet salmon purse seine

82

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1

AK Kodiak salmon purse seine

379

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific1

TRAWL FISHERIES:

   

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands flatfish trawl

34

Bearded seal, AK
Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea
Harbor seal, Bering Sea
Humpback whale, Western North Pacific1
Killer whale, AK resident1
Killer whale, GOA, AI, BS transient1
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Ringed seal, AK
Ribbon seal, AK
Spotted seal, AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1
Walrus, AK

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands pollock trawl

95

Bearded Seal, AK
Dall's porpoise, AK
Harbor seal, AK
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
Humpback whale, Western North Pacific
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Ribbon seal, AK
Ringed seal, AK
Spotted seal, AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.1

Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish trawl

28

Killer whale, ENP AK resident1
Killer whale, GOA, AI, BS transient1

POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:

   

CA spot prawn pot

27

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

CA Dungeness crab pot

534

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

OR Dungeness crab pot

433

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

WA/OR/CA sablefish pot

309

Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

WA coastal Dungeness crab pot/trap

228

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA1

LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:

   

HI shallow-set (swordfish target) longline/ set line *^

20

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
False killer whale, HI Pelagic1
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
Kogia sp. whale (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), HI
Risso's dolphin, HI
Short-finned pilot whale, HI
Striped dolphin, HI

American Samoa longline2

24

False killer whale, American Samoa
Rough-toothed dolphin, American Samoa

HI shortline2

11

None documented

CATEGORY III

GILLNET FISHERIES:

   

AK Kuskokwim, Yukon, Norton Sound, Kotzebue salmon gillnet

1702

Harbor porpoise, Bering Sea

AK miscellaneous finfish set gillnet

3

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Prince William Sound salmon set gillnet

30

Harbor seal, GOA
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK roe herring and food/bait herring gillnet

990

None documented

CA set gillnet (mesh size <3.5 in)

304

None documented

HI inshore gillnet

36

Bottlenose dolphin, HI
Spinner dolphin, HI

WA Grays Harbor salmon drift gillnet (excluding treaty Tribal fishing)

24

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

WA/OR herring, smelt, shad, sturgeon, bottom fish, mullet, perch, rockfish gillnet

913

None documented

WA/OR lower Columbia River (includes tributaries) drift gillnet

110

California sea lion, U.S.
Harbor seal, OR/WA coast

WA Willapa Bay drift gillnet

82

Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
Northern elephant seal, CA breeding

PURSE SEINE, BEACH SEINE, ROUND HAUL, THROW NET AND TANGLE NET FISHERIES:

   

AK Southeast salmon purse seine

415

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

AK Metlakatla salmon purse seine

10

None documented

AK miscellaneous finfish beach seine

1

None documented

AK miscellaneous finfish purse seine

2

None documented

AK octopus/squid purse seine

0

None documented

AK roe herring and food/bait herring beach seine

6

None documented

AK roe herring and food/bait herring purse seine

367

None documented

AK salmon beach seine

31

None documented

AK salmon purse seine (excluding salmon purse seine fisheries listed as Category II)

935

Harbor seal, GOA

CA anchovy, mackerel, sardine purse seine

65

California sea lion, U.S.
Harbor seal, CA

CA squid purse seine

80

Long-beaked common dolphin, CAShort-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

CA tuna purse seine *

10

None documented

WA/OR sardine purse seine

42

None documented

WA (all species) beach seine or drag seine

235

None documented

WA/OR herring, smelt, squid purse seine or lampara

130

None documented

WA salmon purse seine

440

None documented

WA salmon reef net

53

None documented

HI opelu/akule net

22

None documented

HI inshore purse seine

<3

None documented

HI throw net, cast net

29

None documented

HI hukilau net

26

None documented

HI lobster tangle net

0

None documented

DIP NET FISHERIES:

   

CA squid dip net

115

None documented

WA/OR smelt, herring dip net

119

None documented

MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:

   

CA marine shellfish aquaculture

unknown

None documented

CA salmon enhancement rearing pen

>1

None documented

CA white seabass enhancement net pens

13

California sea lion, U.S.

HI offshore pen culture

2

None documented

OR salmon ranch

1

None documented

WA/OR salmon net pens

14

California sea lion, U.S.
Harbor seal, WA inland waters

TROLL FISHERIES:

   

AK North Pacific halibut, AK bottom fish, WA/OR/CA albacore, groundfish, bottom fish, CA halibut non-salmonid troll fisheries *

1,320 (120 AK)

None documented

AK salmon troll

2,008

Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

American Samoa tuna troll

7

None documented

CA/OR/WA salmon troll

4,300

None documented

HI trolling, rod and reel

1,560

Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands tuna troll

40

None documented

Guam tuna troll

432

None documented

LONGLINE/SET LINE FISHERIES:

   

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod longline

154

Dall's Porpoise, AK
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands rockfish longline

0

None documented

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Greenland turbot longline

36

Killer whale, AK resident

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands sablefish longline

28

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska halibut longline

1,302

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod longline

107

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish longline

0

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska sablefish longline

291

Sperm whale, North Pacific

AK halibut longline/set line (State and Federal waters)

2,280

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

AK octopus/squid longline

2

None documented

AK State-managed waters longline/setline (including sablefish, rockfish, lingcod, and miscellaneous finfish)

1,323

None documented

WA/OR/CA groundfish, bottomfish longline/set line

367

Bottlenose dolphin, CA/OR/WA offshore

WA/OR North Pacific halibut longline/set line

350

None documented

CA pelagic longline

6

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

HI kaka line

17

None documented

HI vertical longline

9

None documented

TRAWL FISHERIES:

   

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Atka mackerel trawl

9

Ribbon seal, AK
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod trawl

93

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Gulf of Alaska flatfish trawl

41

Northern elephant seal, NP

AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod trawl

62

Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Gulf of Alaska pollock trawl

62

Dall's porpoise, AK
Fin whale, Northeast Pacific
Northern elephant seal, North Pacific
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

AK Gulf of Alaska rockfish trawl

34

None documented

AK food/bait herring trawl

4

None documented

AK miscellaneous finfish otter / beam trawl

282

None documented

AK shrimp otter trawl and beam trawl (statewide and Cook Inlet)

33

None documented

AK State-managed waters of Cook Inlet, Kachemak Bay, Prince William Sound, Southeast AK groundfish trawl

2

None documented

CA halibut bottom trawl

53

None documented

WA/OR/CA shrimp trawl

300

None documented

WA/OR/CA groundfish trawl

160-180

California sea lion, U.S.
Dall's porpoise, CA/OR/WA
Harbor seal, OR/WA coast
Northern fur seal, Eastern Pacific
Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.

POT, RING NET, AND TRAP FISHERIES:

   

AK statewide miscellaneous finfish pot

243

None documented

AK Aleutian Islands sablefish pot

8

None documented

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod pot

68

None documented

AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands crab pot

296

None documented

AK Bering Sea sablefish pot

6

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska crab pot

389

None documented

AK Gulf of Alaska Pacific cod pot

154

Harbor seal, GOA

AK Southeast Alaska crab pot

415

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)

AK Southeast Alaska shrimp pot

274

Humpback whale, Central North Pacific (Southeast AK)

AK shrimp pot, except Southeast

210

None documented

AK octopus/squid pot

26

None documented

AK snail pot

1

None documented

CA coonstripe shrimp, rock crab, tanner crab pot or trap

305

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific
Harbor seal, CA

CA spiny lobster

225

Gray whale, Eastern North Pacific

OR/CA hagfish pot or trap

54

None documented

WA/OR shrimp pot/trap

254

None documented

WA Puget Sound Dungeness crab pot/trap

249

None documented

HI crab trap

9

None documented

HI fish trap

9

None documented

HI lobster trap

<3

Hawaiian monk seal

HI shrimp trap

4

None documented

HI crab net

6

None documented

HI Kona crab loop net

48

None documented

HANDLINE AND JIG FISHERIES:

   

AK miscellaneous finfish handline/hand troll and mechanical jig

456

None documented

AK North Pacific halibut handline/hand troll and mechanical jig

180

None documented

AK octopus/squid handline

0

None documented

American Samoa bottomfish

12

None documented

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands bottomfish

28

None documented

Guam bottomfish

>300

None documented

HI aku boat, pole, and line

3

None documented

HI Main Hawaiian Islands deep-sea bottomfish handline

567

Hawaiian monk seal

HI inshore handline

378

None documented

HI tuna handline

459

None documented

WA groundfish, bottomfish jig

679

None documented

Western Pacific squid jig

<3

None documented

HARPOON FISHERIES:

   

CA swordfish harpoon

30

None documented

POUND NET/WEIR FISHERIES:

   

AK herring spawn on kelp pound net

411

None documented

AK Southeast herring roe/food/bait pound net

4

None documented

WA herring brush weir

1

None documented

HI bullpen trap

<3

None documented

BAIT PENS:

   

WA/OR/CA bait pens

13

California sea lion, U.S.

DREDGE FISHERIES:

   

Coastwide scallop dredge

108 (12 AK)

None documented

DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:

   

AK abalone

0

None documented

AK clam

156

None documented

WA herring spawn on kelp

4

None documented

AK Dungeness crab

2

None documented

AK herring spawn on kelp

266

None documented

AK urchin and other fish/shellfish

521

None documented

CA abalone

0

None documented

CA sea urchin

583

None documented

HI black coral diving

<3

None documented

HI fish pond

16

None documented

HI handpick

57

None documented

HI lobster diving

29

None documented

HI spearfishing

143

None documented

WA/CA kelp

4

None documented

WA/OR sea urchin, other clam, octopus, oyster, sea cucumber, scallop, ghost shrimp hand, dive, or mechanical collection

637

None documented

WA shellfish aquaculture

684

None documented

COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:

   

AK/WA/OR/CA commercial passenger fishing vessel

>7,000 (2,702 AK)

Killer whale, stock unknown
Steller sea lion, Eastern U.S.
Steller sea lion, Western U.S.

HI charter vessel

114

Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI

LIVE FINFISH/SHELLFISH FISHERIES:

   

CA nearshore finfish live trap/hook-and-line

93

None documented


List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Table 1:

  • AK - Alaska
  • CA - California
  • GOA - Gulf of Alaska
  • HI - Hawaii
  • OR - Oregon
  • WA - Washington
  • 1 Fishery classified based on serious injuries and mortalities of this stock, which are greater than 50 percent (Category I) or greater than 1 percent and less than 50 percent (Category II) of the stock's PBR
  • 2 Fishery classified by analogy
  • * Fishery has an associated high seas component listed in Table 3
  • ^ The list of marine mammal species or stocks killed or injured in this fishery is identical to the list of species or stocks killed or injured in high seas component of the fishery, minus species or stocks have geographic ranges exclusively on the high seas. The species or stocks are found, and the fishery remains the same, on both sides of the EEZ boundary. Therefore, the EEZ components of these fisheries pose the same risk to marine mammals as the components operating on the high seas.


Table 2 - Commercial Fisheries in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean

Fishery Description Estimated # of vessels/ persons Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured

CATEGORY I

GILLNET FISHERIES:

   

Mid-Atlantic gillnet

5,509

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Gray seal, WNA
Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
Harbor seal, WNA
Harp seal, WNA
Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Minke whale, Canadian east coast
Risso's dolphin, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
White-sided dolphin, WNA

Northeast sink gillnet

4,375

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Fin whale, WNA
Gray seal, WNA
Harbor porpoise, GME/BF1
Harbor seal, WNA
Harp seal, WNA
Hooded seal, WNA
Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
Long-finned Pilot whale, WNA
Minke whale, Canadian east coast
North Atlantic right whale, WNA
Risso's dolphin, WNA
Short-finned Pilot whale, WNA
White-sided dolphin, WNA

TRAP/POT FISHERIES:

   

Northeast/Mid-Atlantic American lobster trap/pot

11,693

Harbor seal, WNA
Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
Minke whale, Canadian east coast
North Atlantic right whale, WNA1

LONGLINE FISHERIES:

   

Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico large pelagics longline*

234

Atlantic spotted dolphin, GMX continental and oceanic
Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Cuvier’s beaked whale, WNA
Gervais beaked whale, GMX oceanic
Killer whale, GMX oceanic
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1
Mesoplodon beaked whale, WNA
Northern bottlenose whale, WNA
Pantropical spotted dolphin, Northern GMX
Pantropical spotted dolphin, WNA
Risso's dolphin, Northern GMX
Risso's dolphin, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, Northern GMX
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA1
Sperm whale, GMX oceanic

CATEGORY II

GILLNET FISHERIES:

   

Chesapeake Bay inshore gillnet2

1,126

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

Gulf of Mexico gillnet2

724

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, and estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal

NC inshore gillnet

1,323

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1

Northeast anchored float gillnet2

421

Harbor seal, WNA
Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine
White-sided dolphin, WNA

Northeast drift gillnet2

311

None documented

Southeast Atlantic gillnet2

357

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, SC/GA coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic shark gillnet

30

Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal
North Atlantic right whale, WNA

TRAWL FISHERIES

   

Mid-Atlantic mid-water trawl (including pair trawl)

322

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Risso's dolphin, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
White-sided dolphin, WNA1

Mid-Atlantic bottom trawl

631

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA1
Gray seal, WNA
Harbor seal, WNA
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1
Risso’s dolphin, WNA1
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA1
White-sided dolphin, WNA

Northeast mid-water trawl (including pair trawl)

1,103

Gray seal, WNA
Harbor seal, WNA
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA1
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA1
Common dolphin, WNA
White-sided dolphin, WNA

Northeast bottom trawl

2,987

Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Gray seal, WNA
Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
Harbor seal, WNA
Harp seal, WNA
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Minke whale, Canadian East Coast
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA
White-sided dolphin, WNA1

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shrimp trawl

4,950

Atlantic spotted dolphin, GMX continental and oceanic
Bottlenose dolphin, SC/GA coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX continental shelf
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine1

TRAP/POT FISHERIES:

   

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico stone crab trap/pot2

1,282

Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, FL Bay
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine (FL west coast portion)
Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Jacksonville estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal

Atlantic mixed species trap/pot2

3,467

Fin whale, WNA
Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine

Atlantic blue crab trap/pot

8,557

Bottlenose dolphin, Charleston estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Jacksonville estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, SC/GA coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GA/Southern SC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern GA estuarine system1 Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern FL coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1
West Indian manatee, FL1

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

   

Gulf of Mexico menhaden purse seine
  

40-42

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal1

Mid-Atlantic menhaden purse seine2

5

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal

HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:

   

Mid-Atlantic haul/beach seine

565

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1

NC long haul seine

372

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system1

STOP NET FISHERIES:

   

NC roe mullet stop net

13

Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system1

POUND NET FISHERIES:

   

VA pound net

67

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern Migratory coastal1
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern Migratory coastal1

CATEGORY III

GILLNET FISHERIES:

   

Caribbean gillnet

>991

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

DE River inshore gillnet

unknown

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

Long Island Sound inshore gillnet

unknown

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

RI, southern MA (to Monomoy Island), and NY Bight (Raritan and Lower NY Bays) inshore gillnet

unknown

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

Southeast Atlantic inshore gillnet

unknown

None documented

TRAWL FISHERIES:

   

Atlantic shellfish bottom trawl

>58

None documented

Gulf of Mexico butterfish trawl

2

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf

Gulf of Mexico mixed species trawl

20

None documented

GA cannonball jellyfish trawl

1

Bottlenose dolphin, South Carolina/Georgia

MARINE AQUACULTURE FISHERIES:

   

Finfish aquaculture

48

Harbor seal, WNA

Shellfish aquaculture

unknown

None documented

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

   

Gulf of Maine Atlantic herring purse seine

>7

Harbor seal, WNA
Gray seal, WNA

Gulf of Maine menhaden purse seine

>2

None documented

FL West Coast sardine purse seine

10

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal

U.S. Atlantic tuna purse seine *

5

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA

LONGLINE/HOOK-AND-LINE FISHERIES:

   

Northeast/Mid-Atlantic bottom longline/hook-and-line

>1,207

None documented

Gulf of Maine, U.S. Mid-Atlantic tuna, shark swordfish hook-and-line/harpoon

428

Humpback whale, Gulf of Maine

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean snapper-grouper and other reef fish bottom longline/hook-and-line

>5,000

Bottlenose dolphin, GMX continental shelf

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shark bottom longline/hook-and-line

<125

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX continental shelf

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean pelagic hook-and-line/harpoon

1,446

None documented

U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico trotline

unknown

None documented

TRAP/POT FISHERIES

   

Caribbean mixed species trap/pot

>501

None documented

Caribbean spiny lobster trap/pot

>197

None documented

FL spiny lobster trap/pot

1,268

Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine Bottlenose dolphin, Central FL coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, FL Bay estuarine

Gulf of Mexico blue crab trap/pot

4,113

Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine
West Indian manatee, FL

Gulf of Mexico mixed species trap/pot

unknown

None documented

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico golden crab trap/pot

10

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic eel trap/pot

unknown

None documented

STOP SEINE/WEIR/POUND NET/FLOATING TRAP FISHERIES:

   

Gulf of Maine herring and Atlantic mackerel stop seine/weir

>1

Gray seal, WNA
Harbor porpoise, GME/BF
Harbor seal, WNA
Minke whale, Canadian east coast
White-sided dolphin, WNA

U.S. Mid-Atlantic crab stop seine/weir

2,600

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic mixed species stop seine/weir/pound net (except the NC roe mullet stop net)

unknown

Bottlenose dolphin, Northern NC estuarine system

RI floating trap

9

None documented

DREDGE FISHERIES:

   

Gulf of Maine mussel dredge

unknown

None documented

Gulf of Maine, U.S. Mid-Atlantic sea scallop dredge

>403

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic/Gulf of Mexico oyster dredge

7,000

None documented

U.S. Mid-Atlantic offshore surf clam and quahog dredge

unknown

None documented

HAUL/BEACH SEINE FISHERIES:

   

Caribbean haul/beach seine

15

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

Gulf of Mexico haul/beach seine

unknown

None documented

Southeastern U.S. Atlantic haul/beach seine

25

None documented

DIVE, HAND/MECHANICAL COLLECTION FISHERIES:

   

Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean shellfish dive, hand/mechanical collection

20,000

None documented

Gulf of Maine urchin dive, hand/mechanical collection

unknown

None documented

Gulf of Mexico, Southeast Atlantic, Mid-Atlantic, and Caribbean cast net

unknown

None documented

COMMERCIAL PASSENGER FISHING VESSEL (CHARTER BOAT) FISHERIES:

   

Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean commercial passenger fishing vessel

4,000

Bottlenose dolphin, Eastern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Western GMX coastal
Bottlenose dolphin, Biscayne Bay estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, GMX bay, sound, estuarine
Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system
Bottlenose dolphin, Southern NC estuarine system

List of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Table 2:

  • DE - Delaware
  • FL - Florida
  • GA - Georgia
  • GME/BF - Gulf of Maine/Bay of Fundy
  • GMX - Gulf of Mexico
  • MA - Massachusetts
  • NC - North Carolina
  • SC- South Carolina
  • VA - Virginia
  • WNA - Western North Atlantic
  • 1 Fishery classified based on serious injuries and mortalities of this stock, which are greater than 50 percent (Category I) or greater than 1 percent and less than 50 percent (Category II) of the stock's PBR
  • 2 Fishery classified by analogy
  • * Fishery has an associated high seas component listed in Table 3


Table 3 - Commercial Fisheries on the High Seas

Fishery Description # of HSFCA permits Marine mammal species and stocks incidentally killed or injured

Category I

LONGLINE FISHERIES:

   

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species * +

79

Atlantic spotted dolphin, WNA
Bottlenose dolphin, Northern GMX oceanic
Bottlenose dolphin, WNA offshore
Common dolphin, WNA
Cuvier's beaked whale, WNA
Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Mesoplodon beaked whale, WNA
Pygmy sperm whale, WNA
Risso's dolphin, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA

Western Pacific Pelagic (HI Deep-set component) * ^+

124

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
Bottlenose dolphin, unknown
False killer whale, HI Pelagic
False killer whale, unknown
Pantropical spotted dolphin, HI
Pantropical spotted dolphin, unknown
Risso's dolphin, HI
Risso's dolphin, unknown
Short-finned pilot whale, HI
Short-finned pilot whale, unknown
Striped dolphin, HI
Striped dolphin, unknown

Category II

DRIFT GILLNET FISHERIES:

   

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

2

Undetermined

Pacific Highly Migratory Species * ^

4

Long-beaked common dolphin, CA
Humpback whale, CA/OR/WA
Northern right-whale dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Pacific white-sided dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Risso's dolphin, CA/OR/WA
Short-beaked common dolphin, CA/OR/WA

TRAWL FISHERIES:

   

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species **

5

Undetermined

CCAMLR

0

Antarctic fur seal

Western Pacific Pelagic

0

Undetermined

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES:

   

South Pacific Tuna Fisheries

38

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

3

Undetermined

POT VESSEL FISHERIES:

   

Pacific Highly Migratory Species **

3

Undetermined

South Pacific Albacore Troll

3

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

3

Undetermined

LONGLINE FISHERIES:

   

CCAMLR

0

None documented

South Pacific Albacore Troll

11

Undetermined

South Pacific Tuna Fisheries **

10

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic (HI Shallow-set component) * ^+

28

Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic
Bottlenose dolphin, unknown
Humpback whale, Central North Pacific
Kogia sp. whale (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), HI
Kogia sp. whale (Pygmy or dwarf sperm whale), unknown
Risso's dolphin, HI
Risso's dolphin, unknown
Short-finned pilot whale, HI
Short-finned pilot whale, unknown
Striped dolphin, HI
Striped dolphin, unknown

HANDLINE/POLE AND LINE FISHERIES:

   

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

3

Undetermined

Pacific Highly Migratory Species

40

Undetermined

South Pacific Albacore Troll

7

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

6

Undetermined

TROLL FISHERIES:

   

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

5

Undetermined

South Pacific Albacore Troll

36

Undetermined

South Pacific Tuna Fisheries **

3

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

22

Undetermined

LINERS NEI FISHERIES:

   

Pacific Highly Migratory Species **

1

Undetermined

South Pacific Albacore Troll

1

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

1

Undetermined

FACTORY MOTHERSHIP FISHERIES:

   

Western Pacific Pelagic

1

Undetermined

MULTIPURPOSE VESSELS NEI FISHERIES:

   

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species

1

Undetermined

Pacific Highly Migratory Species **

5

Undetermined

South Pacific Albacore Troll

4

Undetermined

Western Pacific Pelagic

4

Undetermined

Category III

LONGLINE FISHERIES:

   

Pacific Highly Migratory Species * +

96

None documented in the most recent 5 years of data

PURSE SEINE FISHERIES

   

Atlantic Highly Migratory Species *^

0

Long-finned pilot whale, WNA
Short-finned pilot whale, WNA

Pacific Highly Migratory Species * ^

6

None documented

TROLL FISHERIES:

   

Pacific Highly Migratory Species *

263

None documented


List of Terms, Abbreviations, and Symbols Used in Table 3:

  • GMX- Gulf of Mexico
  • NEI - Not Elsewhere Identified
  • WNA - Western North Atlantic
  • * Fishery is an extension/component of an existing fishery operating within U.S. waters listed in Table 1 or 2.  The number of permits listed in Table 3 represents only the number of permits for the high seas component of the fishery
  • ** These gear types are not authorized under the Pacific HMS FMP (2004), the Atlantic HMS FMP (2006), or without a South Pacific Tuna Treaty license (in the case of the South Pacific Tuna fisheries).   Because HSFCA permits are valid for five years, permits obtained in past years exist in the HSFCA permit database for gear types that are now unauthorized.  Therefore, while HSFCA permits exist for these gear types, it does not represent effort.  In order to land fish species, fishers must be using an authorized gear type.  Once these permits for unauthorized gear types expire, the permit-holder will be required to obtain a permit for an authorized gear type. 
  • + The marine mammal species or stocks listed as killed or injured in this fishery has been observed taken by this fishery on the high seas.
  • ^ The list of marine mammal species or stocks killed or injured in this fishery is identical to the list of marine mammal species or stocks killed or injured in U.S. waters component of the fishery, minus species or stocks that have geographic ranges exclusively in coastal waters, because the marine mammal species or stocks are also found on the high seas and the fishery remains the same on both sides of the EEZ boundary.  Therefore, the high seas components of these fisheries pose the same risk to marine mammals as the components of these fisheries operating in U.S. waters.

Updated: January 23, 2014

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