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Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA)


The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) was enacted on October 21, 1972.

All marine mammals are protected under the MMPA.

The MMPA prohibits, with certain exceptions, the "take" of marine mammals in U.S. waters and by U.S. citizens on the high seas, and the importation of marine mammals and marine mammal products into the U.S.

Congress passed the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 based on the following findings and policies:

The MMPA was amended substantially in 1994 to provide:

How We Implement the MMPA

Policies, Guidance, and Regulations

More Information

Updated: May 10, 2016