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Candidate and Proposed Species Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Candidate species are any species that are undergoing a status review that we have announced in a Federal Register notice, whether or not they are the subject of a petition. For detailed definitions and explanations, please refer to the 2006 Candidate Species Definition (71 FR 61022, 10/17/2006).

Proposed species are those candidate species that were found to warrant listing as either threatened or endangered and were officially proposed as such in a Federal Register notice after the completion of a status review and consideration of other protective conservation measures. We always seek public comment on a proposal to list species under the ESA. We generally have one year after a species is proposed for listing under the ESA to make a final determination whether to list a species as threatened or endangered.

Candidates for Listing (35 candidate "species")

Species Year Federal Register notice
Fishes

5 bony fish species

  • cardinalfish, Banggai
    (Pteropogon kauderni)
  • coelacanth
    (Latimeria chalumnae)
  • grouper, comb
    (Mycteroperca fusca)
  • grouper, Gulf
    (Mycteroperca jordani)
  • parrotfish, greenback
    (Scarus trispinosus)
2014 79 FR 10104
clownfish, orange
(Amphiprion percula)
2014 79 FR 52276
cusk
(Brosme brosme)
2007 72 FR 10710
ray, Caribbean electric
(Narcine bancroftii)
2014 79 FR 4877
seahorse, dwarf
(Hippocampus zosterae)
2012 77 FR 26478
9 shark species 2013 78 FR 69376
shark, dusky (1 candidate DPS)
(Carcharhinus obscurus)
  • Northwest Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico
2013 78 FR 29100

5 skate & ray species

  • guitarfish
    (Rhinobatos rhinobatos)
  • guitarfish, blackchin
    (Rhinobatos cemiculus)
  • guitarfish, Brazilian
    (Rhinobatos horkelii)
  • ray, undulate
    (Raja undulata)
  • skate, greytail
    (Bathyraja griseocauda)
2014 79 FR 10104
Marine Mammals

4 marine mammal species

2014 79 FR 9880

seal, Pacific harbor (1 candidate DPS)
(Phoca vitulina richardii)

  • Iliamna Lake
2013 78 FR 29098
Marine Invertebrates
abalone, pinto
(Haliotis kamtschatkana)
2013 78 FR 69033
conch, queen
(Strombus gigas)
2012 77 FR 51763

3 coral species

2013 78 FR 63941
Marine Reptiles
sea snake, dusky
(Aipysurus fuscus)
2013  78 FR 66675

 

Proposed for Listing (6 proposed "species")

Species Year Proposed Status
Fishes
grouper, Nassau
(Epinephelus striatus)
2014 proposed
threatened
sawfish, dwarf
(Pristis clavata)
2013 proposed endangered
sawfish, green
(Pristis zijsron)
2013 proposed endangered
sawfish, largetooth
(Pristis pristis*)
*includes species and populations formerly considered P. microdon, P. perotetti, and P. pristis
2013 proposed endangered
sawfish, narrow
(Anoxypristis cuspidata)
2013 proposed endangered
sawfish, smalltooth
(Pristis pectinata)
  • population(s) not already listed as threatened or endangered
2013 proposed endangered

 

Endangered and Threatened Species Under NMFS' Jurisdiction:

Additional Species:

Updated: September 26, 2014