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Endangered and Threatened Marine and Anadromous Fish

List of Fish Species under NMFS' Jurisdiction

(E = "endangered"; T = "threatened"; F = "foreign"; XN = "nonessential experimental population"; n/a = not applicable*)

Marine and Anadromous Fish (44 listed "species")

SpeciesYear
Listed
StatusCritical
Habitat
*
Recovery
Plan
*

bocaccio (1 listed DPS)
(Sebastes paucispinis)

  • Puget Sound/ Georgia Basin
2010Enono

eulachon, Pacific / smelt (1 listed DPS)
(Thaleichthys pacificus)

    
  • Southern DPS
2010Tfinalno

rockfish, canary (1 listed DPS)
(Sebastes pinniger)

  • Puget Sound/ Georgia Basin
2010Tnono

rockfish, yelloweye (1 listed DPS)
(Sebastes ruberrimus)

  • Puget Sound/ Georgia Basin
2010Tnono

salmon, Atlantic (1 listed DPS)
(Salmo salar)

  • Gulf of Maine


    original listing -
2009*
*expanded

2000
Efinalfinal

salmon, Chinook (9 listed ESUs & 1 XN)
(Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)

  • California coastal
1999**Tfinalin process
  • Central Valley spring-run
1999**Tfinaldraft
  • Central Valley spring-run in the San Joaquin River, CA
2013XNn/a-
  • Lower Columbia River
1999**Tfinalin process
  • Upper Columbia River spring-run
1999**Efinalfinal
  • Puget Sound
1999**Tfinalfinal
  • Sacramento River winter-run
1994**Efinaldraft
  • Snake River fall-run
1992**Tfinalin process
  • Snake River spring/ summer-run
1992**Tfinalin process
  • Upper Willamette River
1999**Tfinalin process

salmon, chum (2 listed ESUs)
(Oncorhynchus keta)

  • Columbia River
1999**Tfinalin process
  • Hood Canal summer-run
1999**Tfinalfinal

salmon, coho (4 listed ESUs)
(Oncorhynchus kisutch)

  • Central California coast

    original listing -
2005**

1996**
E

T
finalin process
  • Lower Columbia River
2005**Tnot yet proposedin process
  • Oregon coast
2008Tfinalno
  • Southern Oregon & Northern California coasts
1997**Tfinalin process

salmon, sockeye (2 listed ESUs)
(Oncorhynchus nerka)

  • Ozette Lake
1999**Tfinalfinal
  • Snake River
1991**Efinalin process

sawfish, largetooth
(Pristis perotteti)

2011Enono

sawfish, smalltooth (1 listed DPS)
(Pristis pectinata)

  • U.S. portion of range
2003Efinalfinal

sturgeon, Atlantic (5 DPSs)
(Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus)

  • Gulf of Maine
2012Tnono
  • New York Bight
2012Enono
  • Chesapeake Bay
2012Enono
  • Carolina
2012Enono
  • South Atlantic
2012Enono

sturgeon, green (1 listed DPS)
(Acipenser medirostris)

  • Southern DPS
2006Tfinalin process

sturgeon, Gulf
(Acipenser oxyrinchus desotoi)

1991Tfinalfinal

sturgeon, shortnose
(Acipenser brevirostrum)

1967En/afinal

totoaba
(Totoaba macdonaldi)

1979E (F)n/an/a

trout, steelhead (11 listed DPSs & 1 XN)
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)

  • Puget Sound
2007Tin processno
  • Central California coast
1997**Tfinalin process
  • Snake River Basin
1997**Tfinalin process
  • Upper Columbia River

    original listing -
    change in status -
    court reinstated status -
2009***

1997**  
2006**  
2007***
 
T

E
T
E
finalfinal
*** reinstated to endangered status per U.S. District Court decision in June 2007;reclassified to threatened [pdf] per U.S. District Court order in June 2009
  • Southern California
1997**Efinaldraft
  • Middle Columbia River
1999**Tfinalfinal
  • Middle Columbia River
2013XNn/a 
  • Lower Columbia River
1998**Tfinalin process
  • Upper Willamette River
1999**Tfinalin process
  • Northern California
2000**Tfinalin process
  • South-Central California coast
1997**Tfinalin process
  • California Central Valley
1998**Tfinaldraft

* NOTE: Critical habitat and recovery plans are not required for foreign species; critical habitat is also not required for species listed prior to the 1978 ESA amendments that added critical habitat provisions.

** All Pacific salmonid listings were revisited in 2005 and 2006. Only the salmonids whose status changed as a result of the review will show the revised date; for all others, only the original listing date is shown. For more information on the listing history, please click on the link for each ESU/DPS.

Endangered and Threatened Marine Species

Updated February 24, 2014