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Endangered and Threatened Marine Mammals

List of Mammal Species under NMFS' Jurisdiction

(E = "endangered"; T = "threatened"; F = "foreign"; n/a = not applicable*)

Marine Mammals (28 listed "species")

Manatees and sea otters are also listed under the ESA, but fall under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

SpeciesYear
Listed
StatusCritical
Habitat
*
Recovery
Plan
*
Cetaceans

dolphin, Chinese River / baiji
(Lipotes vexillifer)

1989E (F)n/an/a

dolphin, Indus River
(Platanista minor)

1991E (F)n/an/a

porpoise, Gulf of California harbor / vaquita
(Phocoena sinus)

1985E (F)n/an/a

whale, beluga (1 listed DPS)
(Delphinapterus leucas)

  • Cook Inlet
2008Efinalin process

whale, blue
(Balaenoptera musculus)

1970En/afinal

whale, bowhead
(Balaena mysticetus)

1970En/an/a

whale, false killer (1 listed DPS)
(Pseudorca crassidens)

  • Main Hawaiian Islands Insular
2012Enono

whale, fin
(Balaenoptera physalus)

1970En/afinal

whale, gray (1 listed DPS)
(Eschrichtius robustus)

  • Western North Pacific
1970E (F)n/an/a

whale, humpback
(Megaptera novaeangliae)

1970En/afinal

whale, killer (1 listed DPS)
(Orcinus orca)

  • Southern Resident
2005Efinalfinal

whale, North Atlantic right
(Eubalaena glacialis)
 

original listing as "northern right whale"  -
2008


1970
E


E
finalfinal

whale, North Pacific
(Eubalaena japonica)
 

original listing as "northern right whale"  -
2008


1970
E


E
finalno

whale, sei
(Balaenoptera borealis)

1970En/afinal

whale, Southern right whale
(Eubalaena australis)

1970E (F)n/an/a

whale, sperm
(Physeter macrocephalus)

1970En/afinal
Pinnipeds

sea lion, Steller (1 listed DPS)
(Eumetopias jubatus)

  • Western

    original listing -
1997

1990
E

T
finalfinal
seal, bearded (2 listed DPSs)
(Erignathus barbatus)
  • Beringia
2012Tnono
  • Okhotsk
2012T (F)nono

seal, Guadalupe fur
(Arctocephalus townsendi)

1985Tn/an/a

seal, Hawaiian monk
(Monachus schauinslandi)

1976Efinalfinal
seal, ringed (5 listed subspecies)
(Phoca hispida)
    
  • Arctic
    (Phoca hispida hispida)
2012Tnono
  • Baltic
    (Phoca hispida botnica)
2012T (F)nono
  • Okhotsk
    (Phoca hispida ochotensis)
2012T (F)nono
  • Ladoga
    (Phoca hispida ladogensis)
2012E (F)nono
  • Saimaa
    (Phoca hispida saimensis)
1993E (F)n/an/a

seal, Mediterranean monk
(Monachus monachus)

1970E (F)n/an/a

seal, spotted (1 listed DPS)
(Phoca largha)

  • Southern
2010T (F)n/an/a

* NOTE: Critical habitat cannot be designated in foreign waters; critical habitat is also not required for species listed prior to the 1978 ESA amendments that added critical habitat provisions. Bowhead whales are also exempt from recovery planning.

Endangered and Threatened Marine Species

Updated: November 18, 2013