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Petition to List 81 Marine Species under the ESA

Background

On July 15, 2013, NMFS received a petition from WildEarth Guardians [pdf] to list 81 species as threatened or endangered and designate critical habitat under the Endangered Species Act.

The 81 petitioned species includes

NMFS will respond to the petition with 90-day findings and, if warranted, 12-month findings in separate Federal Register notices organized by taxa of animals in the petition. We will post information on each finding and associated materials below as they become available.

23 Corals

NMFS published a 90-day finding on the portion of the petition related to 23 coral species on October 25, 2013.

The finding determined that the petition does not present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 20 species:

NMFS found that the petition presented substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 3 species:

These three species are thus now considered candidate species. Status reviews will be initiated for these three species. To ensure that the status reviews are comprehensive, we are soliciting scientific and commercial information pertaining to these petitioned species from any interested party:

NOTE: Information on the 2009 petition to list 83 corals under the ESA is also available on our website.


3 Hagfishes

NMFS published a 90-day finding on the portion of the petition related to 3 hagfish species on November 6, 2013.

The finding determined that the petition does not present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for the 3 species:


3 Sea Snakes

NMFS published a 90-day finding on the portion of the petition related to 3 sea snake species on November 6, 2013.

The finding determined that the petition does not present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 2 species:

NMFS found that the petition presented substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 1 species:

This species is thus now considered candidate species. A status review will be initiated for this sea snake species. To ensure that the status review is comprehensive, we are soliciting scientific and commercial information pertaining to this petitioned species from any interested party:


22 Sharks

NMFS published a 90-day finding on the portion of the petition related to 19 species and 3 subpopulations of sharks on November 19, 2013.

The finding determined that the petition does not present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 10 species and 3 subpopulations:

NMFS found that the petition presented substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 9 species:

These nine species are thus now considered candidate species. Status reviews will be initiated for these nine species. To ensure that the status reviews are comprehensive, we are soliciting scientific and commercial information pertaining to these petitioned species from any interested party:


5 Marine Mammals

NMFS published a 90-day finding on the portion of the petition related to 5 marine mammals on February 21, 2014.

The finding determined that the petition does not present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 1 species:

NMFS found that the petition presented substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 1 species and 3 subpopulations:

These four entities are thus now considered candidate species. Status reviews will be initiated for these marine mammal subpopulations and species. To ensure that the status reviews are comprehensive, we are soliciting scientific and commercial information pertaining to these petitioned species from any interested party:

10 Skates & Rays

NMFS published a 90-day finding on the portion of the petition related to 10 species of skates and rays on February 24, 2014.

The finding determined that the petition does not present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 5 species:

NMFS found that the petition presented substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 5 species:

These five species are thus now considered candidate species. Status reviews will be initiated for these skate and ray species. To ensure that the status reviews are comprehensive, we are soliciting scientific and commercial information pertaining to these petitioned species from any interested party:

 

15 Bony Fishes

NMFS published a 90-day finding on the portion of the petition related to 10 bony fishes on February 24, 2014.

The finding determined that the petition does not present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 10 species:

NMFS found that the petition presented substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 5 species:

These five species are thus now considered candidate species. Status reviews will be initiated for these bony fishes. To ensure that the status reviews are comprehensive, we are soliciting scientific and commercial information pertaining to these petitioned species from any interested party:

Updated: March 18, 2014