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Petition to List 81 Marine Species under the ESA

Background

On July 15, 2013, we received a petition from WildEarth Guardians [pdf] to list 81 species as threatened or endangered and designate critical habitat under the Endangered Species Act.

The 81 petitioned species includes

We will respond to the petition with 90-day findings and, if warranted, 12-month findings in separate Federal Register notices organized by taxa of animals in the petition. We will post information on each finding and associated materials below as they become available.

23 Corals

We published a 90-day finding on the portion of the petition related to 23 coral species on October 25, 2013.

The finding determined that the petition does not present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 20 species:

We found that the petition presented substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 3 species, and completed comprehensive status reviews for these species:

Based on the best scientific and commercial data available, and after taking into account efforts being made to protect the species, we are proposing to list these three coral species as endangered species under the ESA. We are soliciting comments on our proposals through February 17, 2015.

NOTE: Information on the 2009 petition to list 83 corals under the ESA is also available on our website.



 

3 Hagfishes

NMFS published a 90-day finding on the portion of the petition related to 3 hagfish species on November 6, 2013.

The finding determined that the petition does not present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for the 3 species:


3 Sea Snakes

We published a 90-day finding on the portion of the petition related to 3 sea snake species on November 6, 2013.

The finding determined that the petition does not present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 2 species:

We found that the petition presented substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 1 species, the dusky sea snake, and completed a comprehensive status review for this species:

Based on the best scientific and commercial data available, and after taking into account efforts being made to protect the species, we are proposing to list the dusky sea snake as an endangered species under the ESA. We are soliciting comments on our proposal through February 17, 2015.



 

22 Sharks

We published a 90-day finding on the portion of the petition related to 19 species and 3 subpopulations of sharks on November 19, 2013.

The finding determined that the petition does not present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 10 species and 3 subpopulations:

We found that the petition presented substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 9 species:

We have completed a comprehensive status review for Harrisson's dogfish (Centrophorus harrissoni). Based on the best scientific and commercial data available, and after taking into account efforts being made to protect the species, we are proposing to list Harrisson's dogfish as a threatened species under the ESA. We are soliciting comments on our proposal through February 17, 2015.

The eight remaining shark species are considered candidate species. Status reviews will be initiated for these eight species. To ensure that the status reviews are comprehensive, we are soliciting scientific and commercial information pertaining to these petitioned species from any interested party.



 

5 Marine Mammals

We published a 90-day finding on the portion of the petition related to 5 marine mammals on February 21, 2014.

The finding determined that the petition does not present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 1 species:

We found that the petition presented substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 1 species and 3 subpopulations:

Based on the best scientific and commercial data available, we have determined that the Eastern Taiwan Strait Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin is not a distinct population segment and therefore does not warrant listing.

The three remaining entities are considered candidate species. Status reviews will be initiated for these marine mammal subpopulations and species. To ensure that the status reviews are comprehensive, we are soliciting scientific and commercial information pertaining to these petitioned species from any interested party:

10 Skates & Rays

We published a 90-day finding on the portion of the petition related to 10 species of skates and rays on February 24, 2014.

The finding determined that the petition does not present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 5 species:

We found that the petition presented substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 5 species:

These five species are thus now considered candidate species. Status reviews will be initiated for these skate and ray species. To ensure that the status reviews are comprehensive, we are soliciting scientific and commercial information pertaining to these petitioned species from any interested party:

 

15 Bony Fishes

We published a 90-day finding on the portion of the petition related to 10 bony fishes on February 24, 2014.

The finding determined that the petition does not present substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 10 species:

We found that the petition presented substantial scientific or commercial information indicating that the petitioned action may be warranted for 5 species:

We have completed a comprehensive status review for Banggai cardinalfish (Pteropogon kauderni). Based on the best scientific and commercial data available, and after taking into account efforts being made to protect the species, we are proposing to list Banggai cardinalfish as a threatened species under the ESA. We are soliciting comments on our proposal through February 17, 2015.

The four remaining species are considered candidate species. Status reviews will be initiated for these bony fishes. To ensure that the status reviews are comprehensive, we are soliciting scientific and commercial information pertaining to these petitioned species from any interested party:

Updated: December 15, 2014