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References Cited In 90-Day Finding on Petition to List 81 Species under the ESA


23 Species of Corals: References Cited in 90-Day Finding (RIN 0648-XC822; 78 FR 63941)

Brainard, R., C. Birkeland, C.M. Eakin, P. McElhany, M.W. Miller, M. Patterson, and G.A. Piniak. 2011. Status Review Report of 82 Candidate Coral Species Petitioned Under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. NOAA. Online at:

Burke, L., K. Reytar, M. Spalding, A. Perry ("WRI 2012"). 2012. Reefs at Risk: Revisited in the Coral Triangle, World Resource Institute ("WRI").

Forsman, Z.H. H. M. Guzman, C.A. Chen, G. E. Fox and G. M. Wellington. 2005. An ITS region phylogeny of Siderastrea glynni endangered or introduced? Coral Reefs 24:343-347.

Glynn, P. J. Mate, A. Baker, M. Calderon. 2001. Coral bleaching and mortality in Panam and Ecuador during the 1997-1998 El Nino-Southern Oscillation Event: spatial/temporal patterns and comparisons with the 1982-1983 event. Bulletin of Marine Science 69:79-109.

Guzmán, H. and G. Edgar, G. 2008. Siderastrea glynni. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1.

NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). 2012. Supplemental Information Report on Status Review Report and Draft Management Report for 82 Coral Candidate Species. Report to NMFS.

PIRO (NMFS Pacific Island Regional Office). 2012. Management Report for 82 Corals Status Review under the Endangered Species Act. Report to NMFS.

Richards, Z.T. 2009. Rarity in the coral genus Acropora: implications for biodiversity conservation. Ph.D. thesis. James Cook University, Australia.

Wilkinson, C. 2004. Status of coral reefs of the world: 2004. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.


3 Hagfish and 3 Sea Snakes: References Cited in 90-Day Finding (RIN 0648-XC86; 78 FR 66675)

 Multiple Species and Subpopulations of Marine Mammals: References Cited in 90-Day Finding (RIN 0648-XC924; 79 FR 9880)

22 Species of Sharks: References Cited in 90-Day Finding (RIN 0648-XC89; 78 FR 69376)

 25 Species of Skates, Rays, and Bony Fishes: References Cited in 90-Day Finding (RIN: 0648-XD08, 79 FR 10104)

Updated: February 25, 2014