bass are also called rockfish, greenhead, squidhound, stripers,
and linesides. They are anadromous, which refers to saltwater fish
that spend most of their lives in the sea but depend on fresh water
estuaries, rivers and streams for reproduction. In the Atlantic,
stripers range from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the St. Johns River
in Northern Florida, and into the Gulf of Mexico. In 1879, striped
bass were introduced into the Pacific where their range now extends
from British Columbia to Mexico, and later into some inland lakes.
As the population of North America exploded, the populations of
striped bass on the Atlantic plummeted. The federal fishery was
closed in 1990 to eliminate overfishing, and reopened in 1995 after
the stock recovered.