Red drum
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Red drum, Sciaenops ocellatus

Red drum get their name from their bright color and the noise they make during spawning by vibrating their swim bladders. They range in the Atlantic from the Gulf of Maine to the northern coast of Mexico, but are most common in warmer waters where they travel in large schools. Red drum are also known as redfish, channel bass, and spottail bass and are a great favorite of sport anglers who fish for them in the surf and from piers. They are prolific spawners and a single female can produce more than two million eggs in a season. Red drum feed on smaller fish, crabs, and shrimp, can live for 35 years or more, and commonly grow to 40 pounds, though the world record, set off Hatteras Island in 1984, is 94 pounds 2 ounces. Red drum is the official state fish of North Carolina. Commercial fishermen catch them with pound nets, trawls, hand lines, seines and gillnets, and fishing has been curbed by fishery managers in some areas due to over-harvesting.

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