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Status of Stocks 2012

Coho salmon was one of six stocks rebuilt in 2012. 

Take a look at our new video on 
Status of the Stocks 2012.



Rebuilt—A previously 
overfished stock has increased in abundance to the target level that 
supports its MSY.

6 Rebuilt Stocks in 2012

Alaska Region
Southern Tanner crab – 
Eastern Bering Sea

Northeast Region
Acadian redfish – 
Gulf of Maine/Georges Bank

Windowpane – 
Southern New England/Mid-Atlantic

Yellowtail flounder – 
Southern New England/Mid-Atlantic

Northwest Region
Coho salmon – 
Washington Coast: Strait of Juan de Fuca

Southeast Region
Pink shrimp – 
South Atlantic







May 2, 2013

Annual Report to Congress on the Status of U.S.

The 2012 Annual Report on the Status of U.S. Fisheries highlights 
the progress that collectively, NOAA Fisheries, the regional fishery management councils, and our stakeholders have made to end overfishing and rebuild stocks. The report documents additional progress towards long-term economic sustainability of our 
nation’s fisheries. Recent economic data illustrates that the 
overall seafood industry and recreational fishing continue to 
generate significant sales impacts and income impacts 
while also supporting jobs.

About the Report

This annual report provides a ‘snapshot’ in time of the 
status of U.S. fisheries at the end of 2012.

Highlighting Continued Success

In 2012, as a result of the science-based management of U.S. 
fisheries, the status of our nation’s marine fish stocks 
continues to improve. In general, in 2012 we increased the 
overall percentage of stocks not listed on the overfishing or 
overfished lists:

  • Ten stocks were removed from the overfishing list.
  • Four stocks were removed from the overfished list.

In addition, six stocks were declared rebuilt in 2012—bringing 
the total number of rebuilt stocks to 32 since 2000. The graphic 
below illustrates the improvements made in 2012.

Looking Ahead

Looking to the future, it’s important to remember that sustainability is a process, rather than an end point. This report illustrates that fishery 
management under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act is working to address past overfishing 
and scientifically assess the status of stocks. 2012 represents the first year that all federal fisheries operated under annual 
catch limits designed to end and prevent overfishing. In the future, we expect the number of stocks on the overfishing list—now at an all-time low—to decrease further as a result of management under annual catch limits. 

To build on our success, we need to ensure the timely collection of data, develop more robust and frequent stock assessments, better assess the economic consequences of management actions, and improve understanding  of environmental factors, including climate change, that impact fishery resources. 

Overfishing—A stock with a fishing mortality (harvest) rate too high to produce its maximum sustainable yield (MSY)—the largest long-term average catch that can be taken from a stock under prevailing environmental and fishery conditions. The target level of stock abundance is the population that can produce MSY.

Overfished—A stock with a biomass level depleted to a degree that the stock’s capacity to produce MSY is jeopardized.