U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
Vision for U.S. Aquaculture: To assist in the development
of a highlycompetitive, sustainable aquaculture industry in the United
States that willmeet growing consumer demand for aquatic foods and products
that are of highquality, safe, competitively priced and are produced in
an environmentallyresponsible manner with maximum opportunity for profitability
in all sectors ofthe industry.
DOC Aquaculture Mission: A mission of the Department
of Commerce(DOC) is to create sustainable economic opportunities in aquaculture
in amanner that is environmentally sound and consistent with applicable
laws andAdministration policy. This mission complements and is an integral
part of theDepartment's effort to restore and maintain sustainable wild
stock fisheries inorder to maximize the benefits of U.S. coastal resources
for its citizens.Aquaculture in the United States can make major contributions
to the local,regional, and national economies by providing employment in
a new and diverseindustry and by creating business opportunities both here
and abroad. TheUnited States can lead the world in the development of aquaculture
technologiesand advance international guidelines for the industry in order
to maintain ahealthy environment.
Definition: Aquaculture is defined as the propagation
and rearing ofaquatic organisms in controlled or selected aquatic environments
for anycommercial, recreational, or public purpose.
DOC Aquaculture Objectives: The DOC and its agencies,
working inpartnership with USDA, DOI, other Federal agencies, state, local,
and tribalgovernments, environmental organizations, industry, academia,
and otherstakeholders at the national and regional levels will create a
business climateand technological base for industry to develop environmentally
soundaquaculture. The specific objectives by the year 2025 are to:
Policy Implementation: To achieve these objectives,
the Department ofCommerce and its agencies, working in partnership with
USDA, DOI, other Federalagencies, state, local ,and tribal governments,
environmental organizations,industry, academia, and other stakeholders
at the national and regional levelswill:
Increase the value of domestic aquaculture production from
the present $900million annually to $5 billion, which will help offset
the $6-billion annualU.S. trade deficit in seafood.
Increase the number of jobs in aquaculture from the present
estimate of180,000 to 600,000.
Develop aquaculture technologies and methods both to improve
production andsafeguard the environment, emphasizing where possible those
technologies thatemploy pollution prevention rather than pollution control
Develop a code of conduct for responsible aquaculture by
the year 2002 andhave 100% compliance with the code in Federal waters.
Double the value of non-food products and services produced
by aquaculturein order to increase industry diversification.
Enhance depleted wild fish stocks through aquaculture, thereby
increasingthe value of both commercial and recreational landings and improving
the healthof our aquatic resources.
Increase exports of U.S. aquaculture goods and services from
the presentvalue of $500 million annually to $2.5 billion.
Work with stakeholders to develop a set of aquaculture guidelines
for DoCaquaculture activities by the end of the year 2000 and ensure that
allsubsequent Departmental activities conform to these guidelines.
Conduct research and help develop guidelines for an environmentally
soundand sustainable aquaculture industry and promote domestic and internationalcompliance
with the guidelines.
Consistent with these guidelines, conduct basic and applied
research todomesticate additional species, giving preference to high-value
species and tothose that are least likely to create problems for the environment.
Deliver U.S. government aquaculture services, assistance,
and research tostate and local governments and industry in a comprehensive
Hold national and regional meetings with aquaculture constituents
toinventory present resources and issues and set priorities for the future.
Develop an efficient and transparent permitting process for
Accelerate the implementation of new aquaculture production
methods bydeveloping both pilot scale and demonstration projects where
Develop effective enhancement strategies, where appropriate,
for aquaticspecies to help wild stock fisheries recover and to provide
Integrate aquaculture development with wild fish stock management
andenvironmental stewardship to maximize the value of our aquatic resources
forthe benefit of the nation.
Minimize the adverse impacts of aquaculture on protected
species throughproper design and siting of facilities and the application
of appropriatedeterrent technologies.
Provide financial, marketing, and trade assistance to the
Provide extension, training, and education programs to ensure
acompetitive, safe industry.
Provide an information clearinghouse and information dissemination
system to facilitate achieving aquaculture objectives.