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NOAA Fisheries
Office of Protected Resources
Acropora palmata thicket on Mona Island, Puerto Rico. Andy Bruckner, 1996Coho salmon painting, Canadian Dept of Fisheries and OceansMonk seal, C.E. BowlbyHumpback whale, Dr. Lou Herman
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Species
Marine Mammals
Cetaceans
Pinnipeds
Marine Turtles
Marine & Anadromous Fish
Marine Invertebrates & Plants
Species of Concern
Threatened & Endangered Species
Critical Habitat Maps
  Contact OPR
Glossary
OPR Site Map

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Marine and Anadromous Fish

Overview
NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) has jurisdiction over most marine and anadromous fish listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Marine fish spend their entire life in salt water. Anadromous fish are born in fresh water, migrate to the ocean to grow into adults, and then return to fresh water to spawn.

Status of Fish Species
The majority of fish listed as endangered or threatened under the ESA are Pacific salmonids, though the Gulf of Maine Atlantic salmon, U.S. populations of smalltooth sawfish, shortnose sturgeon, and totoaba are also protected under the ESA. Other fish of interest are species of concern or candidate species.

If different populations of a fish species have been listed under the ESA as "distinct population segment (DPS)" or "evolutionarily significant unit (ESU)", some DPSs or ESUs may be threatened and others endangered.

(E = "endangered"; T = "threatened"; P = "proposed"; C = "candidate"; S = "species of concern"; F = "foreign"; XN = "nonessential experimental population")

Species Status
E
S
S
C
C
C
S
S
  • Gulf of Maine
E
  • Gulf of Maine
T
  • New York Bight
E
  • Chesapeake Bay
E
  • Carolina
E
  • South Atlantic
E
S
S
S
  • Puget Sound/ Georgia Basin
E
  • Southern
S
S
 
  • Puget Sound/ Georgia Basin
T
C
E
  • California coastal
T
  • Central Valley spring-run
T
  • Central Valley spring-run in the San Joaquin River, CA
XN
  • Lower Columbia River
T
  • Upper Columbia River spring-run
E
  • Upper Klamath & Trinity Rivers Basin
C
  • Puget Sound
T
  • Sacramento River winter-run
E
  • Snake River fall-run
T
  • Snake River spring/summer-run
T
  • Upper Willamette River
T
  • Central Valley, fall and late fall run
S
  • Columbia River
T
  • Hood Canal summer-run
T
  • Central California coast

    original listing -
E

T
  • Lower Columbia River
T
  • Oregon coast
T
  • Southern Oregon & Northern California coasts
T
  • Puget Sound/Strait of Georgia
S
S
  • cusk
    (Brosme brosme)
C/S
C
C
C/S
P-E
C
 
  • Southern
T
E
 
P-E
  • southern
T
T
S
E
S
E
  • largetooth sawfishes
    (as Pristis pristis, which includes species and populations formerly considered P. microdon, P. perotetti, and, P. pristis)
P-E
S
 
P-E
C
P-T
S
 
S
S
S
E
S
C
  • Eastern Atlantic
  • Eastern Pacific
  • Central & Southwest Atlantic
  • Indo-West Pacific
E(F)
E
T
T
E
  • U.S. portion of range
E
  • population(s) outside of the U.S.
P-E
 
C
  • Ozette Lake
T
  • Snake River
E
S
  • Puget Sound
T
  • Central California coast
T
  • Snake River Basin
T
  • Upper Columbia River
T
  • Southern California
E
  • Middle Columbia River
T
  • Lower Columbia River
T
  • Upper Willamette River
T
  • Northern California
T
  • South-Central California coast
T
  • California Central Valley
T
  • Oregon Coast
S
S
C
S
E (F)
S
 
  • Puget Sound/ Georgia Basin
T

For information on other fish managed by NOAA Fisheries, such as commercial, recreational, and subsistence fisheries, visit the site of the Office of Sustainable Fisheries.

More Information

Updated: October 6, 2014

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